Eco-friendly travel guide to Guyana advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to travel in a sustainable way and how to respect the local people and culture. Make your trip green by supporting locally owned hotels, organic restaurants and other businesses. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in Guyana, South America.
- Air quality: 3 / 5
- Bus connections: 5 / 5
- Train connections: 0 / 5
- Hitchhiking: 3 / 5
- National parks: 5 / 5
- Outdoor activities: 4.5 / 5
- Locals' English level: 4 / 5
- Safety: 2.5 / 5
- Accommodation: US$30 - $400
- Budget per day: US$60 - $500
- 1 Responsible Travel
- 2 Air Quality and Pollution
- 3 Respect the Culture
- 4 Top 10 Places to Visit
- 5 Explore
- 6 Eat
- 7 Drink
- 8 Activities
- 9 Accommodation
- 10 Regions
- 11 Cities
- 12 Getting There and Moving Around
- 13 Sustainable Shopping
- 14 Recycling
- 15 Work and Study Abroad
- 16 See Also
Guyana is a South American country that sits in the northern region of the South American continent. It is part of the Caribbean Region and shares land and water borders with the Atlantic Ocean, Brazil, Venezuela, and Suriname. Guyana's significance in the world is that it homes nine indigenous tribes and has many historical, cultural, and political factors. Surprisingly, more than 40% of the ethnic groups present are Indians, while about 30% are Africans, and only 10% are Indigenous Amerindian. The most common religion, followed by 786,391 Guyanese, is Christianity than comprises 63%. The second most followed religion is Hindu, with 24.8%. Guyana covers an area of 214,970 square kilometres. The capital city is Georgetown, which also happens to be the largest city. The official language is English, while there are more than ten indigenous languages from different Guyanese regions. Because of so much significance worldwide, Guyana welcomes a considerable number of tourists every year. Most of these tourists are attracted towards the unexplored areas and sites, exotic flora and fauna, historical sites, and beautiful cultures of the different tribes.
While visiting Guyana, it becomes your responsibility that you don’t cause harm to the local environment. You can do this by following certain practices that will make your trip efficient and affordable. The first thing that you must follow in any city or country is reducing your waste. You can do this by opting for reusing the items or recycling them. These two methods facilitate reducing the creation of waste and reduce the use of energy sources. You can opt for using food containers, handkerchiefs, water bottles, etc. Just by doing this, you will not be able to make your trip sustainable entirely. To make your Guyanese trip eco-friendly, you must ensure that every aspect of your trip, from accommodation to transportation, should be friendly to the local environment. The local environment consists of both nature and the local communities. If you follow proper eco-friendly measures, they will protect the environment and support localized items. You must use localized items as local businessmen and artisans sell these items. Using local products, you will be buying directly from local sources, so the quality and authenticity will be better than any international or retail organization's products. It would be best if you tried to keep your carbon footprint. Your carbon footprint represents the total amount of carbon dioxide emissions done through all your activities. If you follow these measures, you can keep your carbon footprint minimal and enjoy a fantastic trip to Guyana.
Air Quality and Pollution
Guyana's air quality is not good because the statistics say that 46 % of the air in the entire country is polluted. The high rate of pollution is because many cities don't have a railway network; therefore, local people use public transport such as private taxis, public buses, and personal motorcycles. Another reason for so much air pollution is the lenient industrial policies regarding their carbon emission. The industrialization in Guyana severely affected the air; they don't regulate and clean their chimneys; therefore, it releases a lot of smoke, causing air pollution. Due to the many traffic present in almost every Guyana city, different pollution arises, like noise pollution. Any sound which can cause damage to the human ears comes under noise, which further causes pollution. Noise pollution can cause so much damage to humans and their surroundings. It affects not only humans but also many animals as they have more sensitive ears than us. It can disturb sleep in humans, which might cause headaches and can disrupt the whole routine of daily life; insufficient sleep can cause a stressed lifestyle.
Respect the Culture
We must respect the culture of every place, city, or country we are visiting. It helps us to accept different cultures, traditions, and beliefs. We can even learn various things like other traditions, beliefs, practices, and additional values. You can find that there are mostly Christians, and later there are pentecostal, which makes 17%, 8% are Roman Catholics, and 7% are Anglica. Therefore, the widely celebrated festivals in each city are Christian festivals like Easter, Christmas, and other such celebrations.
Top 10 Places to Visit
- Georgetown (North Atlantic Coast): It is where many Guyanese come for various purposes like to work, shop, and play. It is something like a shadow of the country's former self. There is no doubt that Georgetown's developmental age came along with the height of the power that colonialism brought here. It is a fact that the city's name was made in honour of King George III – the King of England. Miners, plantation, architects, builders, politicians, and many more are all flocked to this corner of Mahaica Demerara to play their part when the city changed their colonies from Dutch to French and then to British rule. The town's most fascinating tourist attractions are St George's whitewashed Cathedral and Stabroek Market. The Building of Parliament is also a must stop-off. Moreover, the national museum will give you a piece of more in-depth knowledge about the history and various colonies that ruled here. Demerara Rum Distillery is also a welcoming place from the heritage.
- Linden (Demerara River): For about a century, the Linden's settlement has been the primary mining hub of Guyana, with thousands and hundreds of miners and prospectors who make their way to the city's tropical spot to pull out bauxite mineral from the hills that are lined around the Demerara River. Today, this mining town's development and history are entered in the Linden Museum of Socio-Cultural Heritage, situated in the town's central area. The museum reveals the evolution of the place. The place's growth began from the tented outpost, located here in the early 1900s, to the modern-day mechanized industrial center. Many of the shaft mines which were used earlier are now shut down completely. Other places to travel for tourists are Gluck Island, situated on the west of the Essequibo. There many species of birds and animals here. Some of them are colossal lily pads, red howler monkeys, and bird watching, mainly tropical birds.
- Kanuku Mountains (Southwest Guyana): They are great mountains. Their peaks are divided in two, and it is done by winding and long channels water of the River named Rapununi. They are separated into a diamond-shaped duo in the highland regions famous for their old-growth forests and many mammalian species' wealth. Travelling can rarely take tourists into the southern side of the town, where there are the nation's recesses. To visit all these, you need to pass the tepui peaks located in the Potaro-Siparuni. You will also need to pass long stretches of lowland forests and savannah to visit here. You can find giant otters in the large forest area, the scarce harpy eagle, pirarucu fish, all in the habitats of colossal and riparian.
- Bartica (Essequibo River): You can reach here by travelling through the channels of the River Essequibo. It joins the Cuyuni meanders and creates wilder and less inhabited heartlands situated in Guyana. Bartica is also called the 'Gateway to the Interior.' It is also a famous stoppage for the miners and prospectors who want to go to the gold and mineral dig sites located between the mountains of Potaro-Siparuni. Since the last century, till today, it is still bustling with river-dwelling folk and cargo barges. Everyone happily hops between the Brazilian eateries, cafes, and bubbling beer bars on the weekend.
- New Amsterdam (Berbice River): New Amsterdam was founded in the mid 18th century and is the capital region of the East Berbice Corentyne. The city has been flushed from the master of the Dutch. The people here always held sway over the plantations of the low lands. It was done from the citadel of a very famous palace named Fort Nassau. The remains of Fort Nassau are still prevailing, and it is a significant tourist attraction. The Britishers did the major work in this area who kept notice of the sanitation and made several sanitation rules, which also attracted Guyana's most famous architect, Cesar Castellani. As proof of Castellani's influence, the masterpieces faces of New Amsterdam Public Hospital still adorn the streets. Simultaneously, the New trio of Amsterdam strips pulses with places of Markey and light industry.
- Anna Regina (Pomeroon-Supenaam Region): Incredibly clean and fascinating, Anna Regina is nothing but a patchwork of garden fences: whitewashed, frontispieces made of pristine, and streets splashed with sunlight. Fruit vendors stand in a straight line in the roadways shouting and selling mangoes and tangerines. The Damon Monument here is the town's main historical building. It was built to pay homage to a martyred slave who rebelled and helped along with revolts in Essequibo during the 19th century. Anna Regina is the base for exploring resorts around the lake named Mainstay, where charming cottages are near the water. Also, there is a mix with the unique folk named Arawak underneath a canopy of palms.
- Kamarang (Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region): Kamarang is far and on the outskirts of the country. To be precise, we can say that it is located in the depths of western Guyana. This place is shrouded by great and massive forests of the old grown rainforest. The easiest way to get here is by private charter plane. Now the most inaccessible and remote part was earlier the settlement of one of the most humble tribes named Amerindian tribal, which was settled on the mountain edge of the wild mountains named Pacaraima. These mountains rise in rock terraces, steep and a table topped bluffs present in the region, forming the rocks' bulwark, which is now the border with Venezuela. Now, Kamarang is a boomtown, famous as the home of Guyana's richest gold veins and minerals. It's also coming up as a renowned tourist spot. There are massive Kamarang waterfalls nearby, which can also be visited.
- Iwokrama Forest (Central Guyana): The Iwokrama Forest represents one of the last remaining patches of the rainforest of the pristine primeval on the planet. It sits in the country's very heart, where the tepuis with a sheer cut of the highlands give away to the lowlands of the tropicals, feeds the unique canopies with their infinite arrays of mountain streams and majestic waterfalls. The forest is famous for its sky touching roofs with a maximum height of 30 meters in some sections, where species of endangered harpy eagles, bats, lizards, and multi-coloured frogs, giant armadillos, howler monkeys, and jaguars are amongst some of the beasts. Moreover, travellers can choose whether they want to safari here through rope bridges or mud tracks.
- Shell Beach (North Guyana): Shell Beach is undoubtedly the most famous beach in the country. It is a salt-sprayed section in the Guyana Coast. Here the Atlantic rollers mixed with the Caribbean currents at sea, and the mangroves forests are spread along the sands towards the shore. Tourists don't visit here to sunbathe and swim. They come to experience the phenomena of turtle nesting that takes every year from late-summer to late-March, when sea turtles of almost all sizes and shapes, hawksbills, leatherbacks, greens flocks, and olive ridleys come to the shores to lay their eggs. There is also a chance to see some of South America's undeveloped coastlines, where bamboo huts, pepper the lagoons, and rustic villages are found. The sand is combined with far-stretched wild jungles, which provides a fantastic view.
- Orinduik Falls (West Guyana):The water carves its way out of the rocks that come out from the Mountains of Pakaraima. It is situated in the western area of the country of Guyana. It is located on the border with the government of Venezuela. Visitors who can find their way to the viewpoints, which are located far away, can enjoy a more personal and intimate experience, hiking the ridges around the site, swimming in the plunge pools, and taking in the terraces of rock and lakes as they go. The channels of the River Ireng offer up more waterfalls as they go to their courses, for example, the more remote Kurutuik Falls towards the north of the jungles.
There are a lot of things in this city to explore around. Moving around in the city by walking or cycling is also very beneficial to the environment. Using cycle and walking will not contribute to the growing pollution rate as they are very eco-friendly. Bicycles do not release harmful chemicals in the form of smoke. These bicycles are readily available for rent. Exploring something will help you to get rid of your boredom as it is an exciting activity. Analyzing something new will help you remember the streets and various lanes as you have to go through them while studying. You tend to meet a lot of people while roaming on the streets. If you are concerned about your health and food, you can find organic cafes and explore the various cuisines they offer. There are several city parks where you can examine multiple trees, plants, and flowers in brief. Other than this, you can also visit them for a morning walk. There are some national parks to protect nature. Other than this, there are several markets, traditional restaurants, monuments, ancient palaces, and many more, which you can visit.
City parks are present in a city for the public, and there is no entry charge. These parks are lovely and are covered with trees all over. You can visit these parks for a morning or evening walk. Morning or evening walk is very beneficial for health as they provide activeness to the body and helps a person to remain fit. Other than this, there are jogging tracks built on most of the parks; you can very well exercise there. You can even walk barefoot on green grass, which can provide energy and improves health. There are various other exercises like yoga and meditation, and the new environment covered with trees will give you refreshment and help your body relax. Some of the city parks have fountains and long flowerbeds. You can play various sports like cricket, badminton, football and other such sports as it has a large open space. These parks can even serve as the best picnic spot for a day, and you can spend some memorable time with your friends or family.
- D'Urban Park (Georgetown)
- Enta' Fun Park (Georgetown)
- Gnangara Park (Gangaram)
- Saint Marks Park (Linden)
- Single Street Park (Everton)
National parks are present to protect nature and animals. Due to the less vegetation and low average temperature, there are not many national parks present in this country. However, the current vegetation was at risk of collapsing; therefore, the government focused on building national parks. National parks can help you get detailed knowledge about various plants and their species and explore wildlife. Trekking in the national park can be a very adventurous activity as it involves walking in the jungle, which is surrounded by various trees and plants. The fresh air will relax your body and mind and keep you away from the city and its noise. Almost all of the national parks offer you jungle safari in which you will roam on an open or closed top jeep along with a driver and a guide. You can use that guide's expertise to learn various things and in-depth about different species of plants and animals. Other than this, there are other adventures other than trekking, including hiking, rock climbing, and many such activities. Some guesthouses are also present for people who want to stay in the national park or come here on vacation. It can help you in observing various plants at night.
- Kaieteur National Park (Potaro-Siparuni)
- National Park (Georgetown)
- Iwokrama Forest Reserve (Central Guyana)
- Promenade Gardens (Georgetown)
Beaches are the best places if you want to relax. Most beaches consist of sand; therefore, they are the best way to relax your mind. You can also try various water sports activities such as windsurfing, kayaking, swimming, parasailing, and other such activities. These beaches are free to visit but the facilities they offer often require some charge. You can even learn various sports activities as many trainers present who are ready to teach you at some expense. Other than this, you can even try beach volleyball with your friends. Many people visit these beaches, so it doesn't matter if you are travelling alone. You can still make friends. Beaches are great for sunbathing, as it cures many skin infections such as fungal infections, eczema, rashes, and others. Vitamin D, which comes from the sun, is also very beneficial for the body. Other than this, many street vendors sell fast food, beverages, and snacks. There are bars and restaurants near beaches to have food while enjoying the beautiful scenery of the coast and fresh sea breeze.
- Shell Beach (Northwest Guyana)
- Berbice (Corriverton)
- Bartica Beach (Bartica)
- Saxacalli Beach (Saxacalli)
Landmarks are places which are very famous and popular. It is the identification mark of a particular area. These landmarks serve as the main tourist spots; therefore, many public transport kinds cover these unique spots. These landmarks involve various historical and ancient monuments, which show their architectural skills and styles, which are very inspiring. You can learn different things from these monuments as there is a City hall built in the 19th century in a Gothic style that shows the richness of people's ancient architectural skills from the past. These landmarks also include forts made during the rule of the various emperor.
- Georgetown City Hall (Georgetown)
- Bourda Cemetery (Georgetown)
- Fort Zeelandia (Maswa)
- Iwokrama Canopy Walkway (Iwokrama Forest Reserve Lethem)
- Fort Nassau (De Velde)
- Blue Lake Linden (Linden)
Museums are the best places to learn many things about Guyana as there are many museums present in each city, including different categories. These museums include historical artifacts and monuments, and inventions, which date back several centuries and decades. Few museums are also a tribute to various artists and those who have done great things in art and literature. Other museums include those that show the rich cultural and traditional heritage of people of different places, including African or Guyana's culture and traditions. These museums involve various ethnic groups showcasing their distinct culture, traditions, beliefs, faiths, practices, festivals, and preferences.
- Guyana National Museum (Georgetown)
- Museum Of African Heritage (Al Air Park)
- The Guyana Heritage Museum (Meten Meer Zorg)
- The Philatelic Museum (Robstown)
- Dutch Heritage Museum (Fort Island)
- Guyanese cook-up rice: It is a national dish. It is made by cooking rice, peas, meat, herbs such as basil, thyme, spring onions, and coconut milk in a pot. It is also referred to as a low man dish. The rice, when cooked in coconut milk, develops a moist and wet texture. The coconut milk adds a depth of flavour and richness to the dish.
- Bouillon D'awara: It is also known as Awara broth or Boyan Wara. It's a traditional dish in the cuisine of Guyana. The main ingredient consists of is a juice extracted from a fruit called Awara. The juice of the fruit is used as a stock. The stock is cooked on low flame for an extended period. Meanwhile, many other ingredients like chicken, tropical vegetables, fish, salted meat, banana leaves, smoked ham, and cassava are added.
- Yam Pie: It is among the most popular dishes in Guyana. The main ingredient is yam. This dish consists of many other ingredients like butter, onion, grated cheese, and cabbage. To prepare this dish, initially boiled yams are crushed, and then they are topped with layers of cheese and cabbage. It is then baked till it is golden brown. After baking, the dish is served by garnishing it with tomato slices and parsley that is finely chopped.
- Pepperpot: It is a national dish of the country of Guyana. The pepperpot prepared in Guyana uses cassareep. It is flavoured with cinnamon and brown sugar. The meat is initially mixed with cassareep and various spices like orange peel, thyme, cloves, cinnamon, and garlic. All these ingredients are cooked together along with a stew. This dish is traditionally accompanied by plait bread.
- Metemgee: It is also a one-pot meal. The ingredients used in the dish are onions, yams, sweet potatoes, cassava plantations, and sometimes meat too. All these ingredients are boiled in coconut milk along with dumplings. Fried fish or salted fish traditionally accompany this dish as a side dish. This dish can be enjoyed at any time of the day, but Guyana's people prefer this dish during lunchtime to get energy for the rest of the day.
- Peanut Punch: Peanut Punch is a non-alcoholic drink. The is a beverage that any tourist will find in every gathering of people who live in Guyana. You must drink this if you visit Guyana. It is made from nutmegs, shelled peanuts, and condensed milk. For enhancing the taste, coconut milk is also added. This drink has very high energy levels, fats, and high proteins. Due to its high calorific value and such high energy content, it is often referred to or said to be a man's drink.
- Ginger Bear: There are some drinks in the country which are served regularly in the country in the same way there are some drinks which are served on special occasions ginger bear is one of them. Ginger Beer is a refreshing light drink that is made from ginger. This drink is usually helpful during the time of Christmas in the households. This drink is made by soaking ginger, then grating it, and mixing it with water and various spices. After this process, it is kept in jars to cool and ferment. After fermentation, the mixture is sweetened and strained. Then the drink is served over ice.
- Tamarind Drink: A drink any tourist would not want to miss out on during their visit to Guyana. It is Tamarind Drink. If we go on the taste, this drink is a tart, sweet, and highly refreshing drink. Not only stimulating but nutritious as well. During the summer season, this drink becomes an ideal drink to quench anyone's thirst as well as taste. Tamarind drink is usually served at parties, including dinners and other gatherings with families and friends. If you don't like the sour and tangy taste, you can sweeten it.
- Corona Extra: This drink is one of the trendy beer in Guyana and is an alcoholic beer. Corona Extra originated in Mexico. The glass is observed as one of the favourite beer amongst the people of the country Guyana. It has an irresistible taste. It is usually served in pubs and bars all over the country where you can walk in and grab a bottle. It is also one of the perfect drink while you are spending your time on the beach.
- I-cee Soda: No drink is more refreshing than an iced soda directly consumed from a bottle. I-cee Soda is a trendy drink that one can find anywhere in the country, be it any grocery store, bar, or even on street stalls. There are six different flavours available in it. Some of them are Banana, orange, pineapple, tangerine, big red, and pear. Many fusion flavours like Green Crush, Apple, Strawberry, Pink Grapefruit, ginger beer, and fruit punch are also present. This drink is also voted as the favourite drink of the people living in this country.
This country's tap water is not fit for drinking as most of the water is either polluted or has a very high quantity of chlorine present. Almost three fourth of the total drinking water is considered polluted. The main reason for water pollution is the growing industrialization, as many industries do not treat water before releasing it into the water bodies. The contaminated water, when it gets dissolved in rivers or other water bodies, pollutes it. The other reason for unsafe tap water is that the supply pipes are not well-maintained. Even the water purification plants are not efficient enough to provide safe water quality. It is advised that you must use bottled water, which is available everywhere, but that will create a lot of plastic consumption, which is very bad for the environment. Therefore, you should take a large container and refill it every time you move around this city. For those who are living in apartments, they can install water purifiers at there home or can use the tap water for other purposes. For drinking water supply, local agencies provide them at a specific cost, and you can contact them and have a deal for the number of days you are staying.
Many activities are available in this country. Those include snorkelling, which involves diving into deep water accompanying oxygen cylinders with you to discover marine life. Other involves sky adventures such as parachuting, which can give you a memorable experience of flying at high altitudes and will give you fantastic scenery of the state, ground, or town from a height. Trekking and hiking can provide you with the experience of walking in the jungle and its difficulties. Many other activities can offer various memories and experiences from different activities. These activities require some charge, and there are certain limitations and restrictions to some people, and ages like many activities have a restricted age of above 12, 14, or 18.
- Wind Surfing
- Jungle Safari
- ATV Tour
There are a lot of accommodation options available in this country in each city. Different capacities depend on other facilities and luxuries you require. Those who want to live a luxurious lifestyle can accommodate hotels and resorts that offer various facilities such as a private swimming pool, a three-time meal with dishes of your wish. Other accommodation options are Green hotels that are best to stay in as they conserve nature as much as possible. Next are hostels and guesthouses. Those are best if you are travelling solo and want a budget-friendly option to stay. Other is the Apartments, and these are best when you are travelling with your friends or family as it offers complete security and privacy. Camping can be a temporary option of staying in, but too much of it can be very dull as on weekends many locals visit beaches or campgrounds for camping.
These hotels are best known for their eco-friendly techniques. That is why they are specially certified by the government as the electricity they use is generated by their solar panels that use solar energy and wind energy. They usually have a large garden where many people staying in those hotels come for walking, yoga and other exercises. The winds are generally fresh and do not contains any city side pollution. Even the towels and bed sheets are made up of cotton. The cosmetics are entirely chemical-free and do not cause any damage to the skin. The dishes they offer are entirely organic, and even some of the hotels have organic cafes in them. Organic food is the type of food items created from fresh ingredients either brought by their garden or purchased from local farmers. These ingredients are free from any artificial pesticides or chemicals. Therefore, they are not very attractive but full of nutrients.
Hostels and Guest Houses
Hostels are for those who are travelling alone and want a budget-friendly accommodation option. These are generally shared rooms with only necessary facilities available. As these are shared rooms, you can be friends with different people staying with you as your roommate. These people can be travellers from various countries or states, and from them, you can learn about their country, culture, preferences, and languages. You won't feel alone or left out in this accommodation option. Some hostels even offer you one time meal of your choice.
Guesthouses, on the other hand, are for travellers that are visiting a particular place with their friends, family, or partner. Unlike hostels, guesthouses provide a private space for you to spend some quality time with your loved ones. They are a bit more pricey as compared to hostels because they provide extra facilities and amenities.
Apartments are best for those who want to explore this country for a long time. Therefore, they can rent an apartment which is present in every city. Different apartments' prices depend on the facilities and their locations as the ones present on the seashores are costlier than those present inside the city. Therefore, you must try to accommodate as you find convenient as these apartments have their pros and cons and are equally efficient in providing you with a great stay.
Couchsurfing can be a reasonable accommodation option, but the problem is that you cannot always rely on it. Many travellers have complained that some hosts have cancelled the meeting at last and have to either search for a new host or have to find new accommodation options. Therefore, it is advised that you must have a backup option available with you. Other than this, you must note that you should not have any expectations from the hosts as he can offer you your room for the night or even a mattress to sleep at night.
There are some camping grounds available in this country, and the rest of the camping can be done on beaches. Guyana's average temperature is warm; therefore, it supports camping along the beachside, which provides a fresh sea breeze that relaxes the mind and body and improves sleep. Camping is a temporary accommodation option as after one or two weeks you will start feeling bored. Camping can be adventurous, but you must adopt every eco-friendly measure. You must carry a torch or flashlight for the night rather than a bonfire, which will emit smoke. There are a lot of mosquitoes and other insects. Therefore, you must have a repellent cream with you.
|Guyanese Coastal Plain (Georgetown, Bartica, Mabaruma, New Amsterdam)|
|Guyanese Highlands (Lethem, Paramakatoi)|
- Georgetown - Capital of the country, situated in the county of Demerara.
Getting There and Moving Around
Getting to this place is not that easy as the air network is not connected with all countries' cities. Therefore, you must be present in specific cities to reach here. It is quite a large country. Thus, walking around in its cities by walking is not possible, and the crime rate is also high, which makes walking at night impossible.
There are 30 airports in this country that cover all the significant cities of significant countries. The flights are well-connected with Europe and Asia, but the problem is that it misses some towns. Therefore, you have to research before going there. Other facilities are that these airlines' staff speaks English and are the highly trained and humble staff. These can be used to travel intercity, but that will cost you higher and are not friendly to the environment as aircraft produce a lot of air pollution.
There are several buses, but there is no international bus system, the most a bus can offer is to travel from city to city. The buses are well-maintained and are very hygienic. Every seat has its electric socket where you can charge anything, and there is a small canteen for you to buy snacks and beverages. Buses are the most convenient and affordable mode of travelling in Guyana.
There were railway stations and trains earlier in this country, but no trains operated in this country. The reason is that many minibusses and buses attracted passengers towards them, which reduced the use of trains, which resulted in no use of trains. Therefore, you will not find any railway transport present in Guyana. You will either have to opt for private or public transport options.
Hitchhiking is a process or a type of free ride that is asked from any passer going in the same direction. The crime rates are so high that it is not advised that you must hitchhike here because there have been a lot of cases of robbery and many small groups are present who are always in search of travellers. If you maintain proper caution, you can enjoy a tremendous hitchhiking experience.
Other means of transport include a ferry ride as Guyana has four rivers connected with many states. Ferry rides are a fantastic experience, and the only problem with it is that it requires a lot of time. There are taxis which can be used for travelling inter-city or moving around in the city—using taxis are not advised as it creates a lot of pollution. You must either opt for public transports or electronic vehicles.
Sustainable shopping involves shopping for those products which are beneficial for health and the environment. These products do not trouble the ground as most of its production requires human resources and less machine use. These products save energy and raw materials, as most sustainable products include recycled products and second-hand products. Both categories save a lot of raw material, which would have required making a new and fresh product. It also saves a lot of energy, which would have needed in dumping. The government follows landfills, so it also saves a lot of land. Many eco-fashion stores are present in most states, and these produce mostly hand-knitted fashion products and natural fabrics such as cotton, silk, etc.
Recycling means reusing products that are of no use by giving them a new shape. Many products can be reused by giving it a recent shape example – papers can be reused as they can be converted into newspapers. Old tin or steel can be used in making cans, and glasses can be recycled by melting and using in decoration. Therefore, recycling can be done on many products. Recycling saves a lot of raw material and even the energy required to make a new product.
Waste is a product that is of no use and has to be dumped. The waste management of this country is not efficient and good enough to make this country clean. Many people burn their waste, which creates a lot of pollution and makes the air toxic. Many open and untreated landfills in many cities develop a lot of air and soil pollution.
Work and Study Abroad
There are some job vacancies available in this country, including teachers and multilingual guides hired in large numbers of private agencies. There are local agencies which help in finding the best job for you. You have to submit your relevant documents, including your education qualifications, merits, achievements in various fields, and some other certificates. After submitting this, they will tell you the best job in each of the states, and you can choose one. There are different procedures for different types of jobs, which sometimes might involve specific qualification tests.
The exchange student is a program that involves sending students abroad to their partnership college to study the rest of their degrees. Not every student gets the chance of representing the college at an international level; therefore, you must be excellent in your studies to get this chance. It helps a student to become independent and boosts its self-confidence.
An au pair is a person who tries to help a family by staying and taking care of their children, and in exchange, the family allows him to stay with them along with food. Some of the families here might offer you a certain amount. But the main problem of being an au pair is that the locals don't trust any stranger quickly because of the crime rates. The crime rates in this country's cities are so high that people are very skeptical about strangers; therefore, it rarely happens, and you must present yourself as a genuine and kind person.
There are more than a hundred NGOs in this country. Many NGOs have different work, like some of them create awareness among the locals about the crimes happening there and how to stop them or defend themselves. Some of them focus on girls and their education where education is not proper. Some NGOs become active during some social crises such as tsunami, earthquakes, drought, and other such natural calamities. You can also participate in such volunteering activities and help out the local communities.