South America

From Eco Friendly Travels

Home / South America

Eco-friendly travel guide to South America advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to travel in a sustainable way and how to respect the local people and culture. Make your trip green by supporting locally owned hotels, organic restaurants and other businesses. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in South America.

  • Air quality: 4.0 - 4.5 / 5
  • Bus connections: 4.5 - 5.0 / 5
  • Train connections: 4.0 - 4.5 / 5
  • Hitchhiking: 4.0 - 4.5 / 5
  • National parks: 3.5 - 4.0 / 5
  • Outdoor activities: 4.0 - 4.5 / 5
  • Locals' English level: 4.0 - 4.5 / 5
  • Safety: 3.5 - 4.0 / 5
  • Accommodation: US$20 - $250
  • Budget per day: US$35 - $300

Responsible Travel

South America is the fourth largest and one of the highly populated continents in the world. Being a tourist in today's world comes with its own set of responsibilities and obligations. The change in climate urges us to be more responsible and take accountability for our actions and also study the impact we have on the environment. One must travel in an eco friendly way and ensure that the local citizens or the natural surroundings are not affected. These are some of the most crucial tips that vacationers must follow to travel responsibly.

  • It is recommended that tourists use the public mode of transportation for moving around the place. This keeps the environmental pollution in check and deals with the traffic jams on roads. The public bus and train services are excellent in South American countries. Cycling is also considered a very delightful and time-efficient transportation mode, with no signs of natural adversities.
  • It is also recommended to walk for the most part, as this will allow you to explore the new and unfamiliar regions and landmarks more closely.
  • Tourists are highly encouraged to support the local businesses as much as possible. These local and small businesses are dependent upon visitors to sell their goods, which massively helps the country's economy.
  • Do not pollute the surroundings, and discard your trash in the designated spots. It is our duty and responsibility to make sure we play no part in degrading the beauty of the place we visit.

Air Quality and Pollution

Bad air quality and pollution is a pressing problem in South America. Chile being one of the countries with the worst Air quality in the Western Hemisphere. The world health organisation determined that diesel exhaust, outdoor air pollution and particulate matter (which includes black carbon) are the leading culprits behind the problem and they also end up causing cancer. Although some cities in South America have their pollutant concentrations reduced since 2010 (PM2.5, for example), such as São Paulo, Vitória, and Bogotá, the region does not report a trend in the same direction, with the WHO guidelines and national or local standards being continuously exceeded. It will be advisable to carry your allergy medication and if you have asthma then keep your inhaler hand and also wear face masks when in areas that have an extremely high AQI to protect yourself against the bad air quality and high pollution levels.

Respect the Culture

Gaucho from Argentina. The gaucho is an expert horse rider, outdoorsman and hunter who is known to be generous yet unruly – a historical outlaw.

Previously South America was just a collection of European colonies with Spain and Portugal being the most important. That is why you will see a massive influence of Spanish and Portuguese traditions on the South American culture. The rich and vibrant culture of South America represents the combined history of the continent. It’s a melting pot of different languages, cuisines, customs and traditions. From grand cultural festivals to the lifestyle of indigenous communities of Amazon rainforest, there will be something to observe and learn from. The key is to respect the differences, the similarities and the values of the beautiful culture of South America. Visit the museums, theatres, forests, music and art carnivals to learn more and always keep an open mind about everything. As for the continent of South America, there are immensely populated and developed regions that have been fully-fledged to become a well-renowned metropolitan city globally. However, there are even many sub-developed areas that are home to a large population as well. As tourists, we must preserve the natural and cultural heritage of the place we are visiting and not indulge in activities that may directly or indirectly harm or even disrespect the locals.

Top 10 Places to Visit

These are the best places to visit in South America while enjoying your vacation in this region.

  • Machu Picchu, Peru: Settled high in the fog-covered Andes Mountains, Machu Picchu is one of Peru's generally renowned and notable spots. Fabricated at some point around the mid-fifteenth century, this Incan fortification was deserted after the Spanish conquistadors' attack in the mid-sixteenth century. Its remnants were not rediscovered until American pioneer Hiram Bingham unearthed it in 1911.
  • Iguazu Falls, Brazil/Argentina: Situated on Brazil and Argentina's border, the staggering Iguazu Falls are a progression of 275 cascades – some as high as 260 feet tall – on the waterway of a similar name. Apart from walking the boardwalks to get the best view of the falls from various angles, you can also take a boat ride to get even closer (be ready to get wet)
  • Easter Island, Chile: Found more than 2,000 miles off Chile's shore, it's one of the world's remotest islands. However, its lovely scene, secretive sculptures, and Polynesian culture are more than worth the trip. Easter Island's most popular milestone is its Moai sculptures, of which there are nearly 900 dispersed across the island.
  • Torres Del Paine National Park, Chile: Chile's Torres del Paine National Park is one of the most famous attractions of southern Patagonia. Covering almost 1,000 square miles, its most conspicuous element are the three rock tops that give the recreation center its name and cut a rough way across the sky. You can spot wildlife like pumas in this park and take in the view of the beautiful mountains and the serene lakes.
  • Galápagos Islands, Ecuador: As one of the planet's most naturally diversified areas, it's not a surprise that the Galápagos Islands – the same islands that, to some degree, roused Charles Darwin's speculations on advancement after he examined its different untamed life in the mid-nineteenth century – is a top destination for nature darlings. Famous for their goliath turtles, the islands are additionally home to abnormal species like the flightless cormorant, marine iguanas, and the vast painted beetle.
  • Atacama Desert, Chile: Enveloping more than 40,000 square miles in northern Chile (and parts of Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina), the Atacama Desert is the earth's driest area. There are even some especially bone-dry stretches, where precipitation has never been recorded. Because of its sheer size, trimming down the top-notch of must-see spots is complicated. However, the Laguna Verde salt lake's green waters close to the boundary with Argentina are dazzling.
  • Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia: Southwest Bolivia's Salar de Uyuni, which at a little more than 4,000 square miles in size is the world's highest salt level, is one of South America's most strangely beautiful scenes. During the stormy season, a layer of water covers its surface and makes a mirror impact, making it difficult to tell where the land closes, and the sky starts. On the edges of the pads close to the town of Uyuni lies a train burial ground, which is home to the rusting masses of a few antique trains once in the past used to move the area's rich minerals.
  • Angel Falls, Venezuela: In Venezuela's Guayana high countries in Canaima National Park's western spans, Angel Falls is the world's most noteworthy cascade and is a genuinely stunning incredible sight. Falling from an astonishing 3,230 feet from the Auyantepuy Mountain edges, it is estimated to be multiple times higher than Niagara Falls.
  • Santuario de las Lajas, Colombia: Incorporated into a gorge of the Guáitara River in far off south-western Colombia, Santuario de las Lajas – obviously alluded to as 'a supernatural occurrence of God in the deeps – is a building gem of South America. Roosted 328 feet over the waterway beneath, this lovely Gothic Revival-style church was worked somewhere in the range of 1916 and 1949. However, its motivation returns a lot further.
  • Caño Cristales, Colombia: The dazzling Caño Cristales – a 62-mile-long feeder of Río Guayabero – is frequently nicknamed the 'Fluid Rainbow 'Waterway of Five Colours.' Home to the macarena clavigera – a water plant endemic to Colombia's far off Serranía de la Macarena area – the waters of Caño Cristales are a racket of shading.
View of the ancient houses of Machu Picchu houses


The South American countries are full of natural vegetation and are home to some of the most exotic wildlife species. Here you can come as close to the natural world as one could imagine. Several National Parks in this region are very well-maintained by the respected authorities to preserve the natural surroundings as much as possible.

City Parks

These are some of the most popular city parks spread across the continent of South America.

Passeio Público in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

National Parks

These are the most renowned National Parks on the South American continent.

  • Torres Del Paine National Park, Chile
  • Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, Brazil
  • Lauca National Park, Chile
  • Chapada Diamantina National Park, Brazil
  • Itatiaia National Park, Brazil
View of the beautiful Tierra del Fuego National Park


South America is home to some of the most magnificent beaches in the world. Here are some of the most popular ones that are highly applauded by people worldwide.

The stunning Playa Manzanillo beach


Here are some of the most prominent and famous landmarks from various South American countries.

  • Iguazu Falls Brazil/Argentina: The Iguazu Falls are the most significant cascade on the planet, situated along the Brazilian and Argentinian boundaries. The waterfall partitions the water stream from the upper and lower Iguazu. Most of the stream parcel moves through the Brazilian side of the line, while the falls are, for the most part, in favor of Argentina. There are more than 270 drops to the fall, and the longest drop falls at 270-feet. The falls are a gorgeous site and very much adored by numerous individuals everywhere on the globe.
  • Machu Picchu Peru: The lavish greenery with stays of old pre-Colombian towns makes for an excellent sight over the whole excursion from starting to the highest point of Machu Picchu. The climb takes guests through the wet Yungas Woods and many older towns making the outing both outwardly satisfying and loaded up with long, rich history. Machu Picchu was initially accepted to have been built to be a domain for the Inca Emperor is still hundreds of years after the fact as the most notorious and most natural piece of Inca history. Machu Picchu has excellent perspectives and profound memorable significance driving it to be an absolute necessity sight in South America.
  • Christ the Redeemer Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Alongside Machu Picchu, Christ the Redeemer is one of the most recognised landmarks of the continent. This 125-foot high, 92-feet wide sculpture is visited by more than 2 million individuals per year. The landmark isn't just a social symbol to the City of Rio de Janeiro and Brazil but is of great religious importance for christians. The model is situated on a mountain, 2,300-ft tall, overviewing the city. It might be a bit of task getting to the sculpture but the trip is more than worth it.
  • Angel Falls Venezuela: One of the most beautiful and well known landmarks in Venezuela, Angel falls is a waterfall that drops over the edge of a mountain called Auyán-tepui mountain which is located in the Canaima National Park that is also a UNESCO World Heritage. By visiting Angel falls, you will be able to see two other important tourist attractions as well which makes the trip worth it.
  • Easter Island Chile: There are very nearly 1,000 Moai situated on Easter Island. These sculptures are roughly measured to be 13-feet and gauge a normal of 14-tonnes. They were cut between the thirteenth and sixteenth hundreds of years and shipped starting with one piece of the island then onto the next. During this time, the development and transportation of these vast sculptures was a great activity.


These are the most profound museums that one can find in South American countries.

  • Lugar a Dudas Colombia: This museum is not muddied by commercialization. The name of the English undertaking is 'space for questions .' Consequently, the group depicts Lugar a Dudas as likened to a research center. For instance, the craftsman in-home projects give a stage for experimentations and the trading of thoughts. Additionally, the drawing in a cluster of occasions, such as film screenings, presentations, and workshops, is outfitted towards stimulating discussion and facilitating an open exchange about the inventive cycle inside a cultural setting. This is undoubtedly a fantastic free venture – enhancing Cali's social profile.
  • Espacio de Arte Contemporáneo Uruguay : Miguelete Jail in Montevideo had been left deserted - neglected and void. At that point, the public authority had a brilliant plan to change this prison into a pot of imaginative innovativeness. So in July 2010, E.A.C.E.A.C. appeared – involving two stories in a wing of the prison – and accordingly turning into an exciting space in Uruguay to investigate contemporary artistry. The display has presentations by public and worldwide specialists, workshops, and puts together occasions that exploit this environmental setting.
  • Inhotim Brazil: Belo Horizonte can make a case for having one of the best social milestones in South America. Inhotim has global standing, with cultural vultures running worldwide to observe this fantastic creation in country Brazil. It is a fascinating exhibition as top-notch works of art and outwardly capturing test artistry establishments are arranged inside what gives off an impression of being heaven.
  • Museo del Barro Paraguay: This is a vital establishment in Asunción, as it attempts to record and review Paraguay's imaginative articulation consistently. So the Department of Documentation and Research is at the center of the gallery's work in advancing various Paraguayan culture features. Essentially, it houses an intriguing lasting assortment of rustic, native, and metropolitan craftsmanship.


While being in the South American countries, you will find the food to be finger-licking good. Wherever you go, the taste of food and the delicacy with which it is cooked and served will be perfected. For food lovers, the quest to visit South America will not only be memorable but also a unique experience. There are numerous food centers and restaurants in this region which are well-renowned worldwide, and as a result, people from all over the world applause the food culture of their land heavily.

There is probably no other region that is as diverse as the South American continent when it comes to food habits. No matter what food you prefer, it is for sure that you will love your time while being in these countries. Here are some of the most famous restaurants from various South American countries which are highly recommended to be tried out and applauded.

  • Central, Lima: Situated in Lima, one of South America's culinary capitals, Central serves Peruvian connoisseur dishes. Specifically, they are known for their hot ceviche made with Corvina fish and langoustine. The tasting menu at Central catches the everyday delights situated all through the country. The proprietors, Pía and Virgílio Martinez, are a couple, and Virgílio has worked in kitchens everywhere in the world, including London, Madrid, New York, and Bogotá. Focal isn't just one of the top eateries in Latin America; it is likewise positioned in the world's best 50 cafés.
  • Gustu, La Paz: Gustu, which signifies 'flavor' in Quechua, is a Bolivian café that serves the public cooking earthily. In all honesty, 100% of the food and beverages discovered here are sourced from Bolivia. The café was initially settled by Noma's fellow benefactor, Claus Meyer, and today Danish gourmet specialist, Kamilla Seidler, works it. If you happen to make it to Gustu, make certain to try the alpaca and palm marrow. It just stands apart for being an eatery committed to social advancement. There is even a school on the property, and a significant number of the café's workers are understudies.
  • Boragó, Santiago: You are going to love it when gastronomy connects with characteristic environmental factors. Boragó's gourmet specialist, Rodolfo Guzman, is infamous for doing this, and the customers can't get enough. Here you will discover exciting things like Chilean rhubarb, eel seared in squid ink, and a wide range of organic products local to Chile. Not exclusively are the fixings new and neighborhood. However, Guzman's planning procedures resemble nothing the customary culinary world has seen previously. This represented a test in the eatery's initial years, as numerous burger joints battled to relinquish their more moderate culinary beliefs. Ultimately, the gourmet experts at Boragó opposed these profoundly held convictions, and now it is positioned as probably the best eatery in Chile.
  • Criterion, Bogotá: Claimed by siblings Jorge and Mark Rausch, Criterion presents scrumptious French dishes over two occasional tasting menus' expansiveness just as a significant individual menu. One of the star dishes on offer is the smoked salmon confit combined with yucca carbon. Imprint is a famous baked good gourmet specialist, so make certain to save some space for dessert. The contemporary inside highlights rich purple and gold shades. There is additional seating accessible on the huge covered porch.
  • Astrid y Gaston, Lima: Housed in the dazzling Casa Moreyra and named after famous culinary specialist Gaston Acurio and his significant other, Astrid, Astrid y Gaston is a fantastic spot to experience traditional Peruvian food. The head cook is Diego Muñoz, who concentrated in Paris, and worked in Spain and Australia. The menu features Peru's biodiversity, and each thing on the menu is sourced from the more noteworthy Lima zone. Honestly, that is at any rate 30 courses of fixings taken from the district. Between the extraordinary food and lovely air, Astrid y Gaston offers a magical culinary experience.
  • Alto, Caracas: Open since 2007, and Alto is a café that serves Venezuelan works of art currently. Head cook Carlos Garcia's manifestations regularly accompany traces of global motivation. This is to a great extent because Garcia prepared in Spain. Here you will discover fixings like dish meats, arepas, new organic products, and espresso. For the chocolate sweethearts among you, Alto highlights dishes all through the menu made with privately sourced Venezuelan cacao arranged in a large number of ways. Alto is a genuine public pearl with an exceptionally promoted reputation.
  • D.O.M., São Paulo: If you are already astounded by the view of the Amazon Rainforest to be as intriguing of a spot as most other people do, it's worth finding what D.O.M.D.O.M. has available. That is because the acclaimed head culinary expert Alex Atala is a rainforest envoy who caused a ripple effect for his work in finding new fixings from the rainforest. Come to D.O.M.D.O.M. to taste these unique treats. The menu includes a wide range of intriguing fixings that you've probably never experienced, like spice, jambú, or Priprioca root. The inside is exquisite and contemporary.


These are some of the best drinking spots on the South American continent. Here you would find all sorts of exquisite drinks and a cherishing moment with your friends. Make sure you visit these pubs and bars while you see this part of the world.

  • Mango Bar & Grill – Paramaribo, Suriname: If your tour is set towards Colombia, you can't pass up on the opportunity to visit the espresso locale. It is home to the tallest palm trees on the planet, dazzling green scenes, and probably the country's most pleasant individuals. It's likewise home to probably the best bar in South America – Tipsy Bird Bar within the Movich Hotel. Here, you'll find exceptional barkeeps blending some inventive beverages.
  • Bandido Brewing – Quito, Ecuador: Suriname is one of the most sizzling South American spots for 2020, which implies you better head there before different crowds of voyagers do. When you arrive, ensure you visit Mango Bar and Grill to appreciate the comfortable open-air setting. Hung pixie lights, wooden furnishings, and solid mixed drinks make this bar incredible for a calm night with companions.
  • Petalos Del Sol – Cordoba, Argentina: Home beer in Ecuador? Indeed, people are generally just about as amazed as you! In any case, explorers from everywhere worldwide are advancing toward Quito only for the opportunity to attempt probably the best specialty lager in the country, if not the whole mainland. They have solid I.P.A.sI.P.A.s on tap and even rich stouts. However, we sincerely recommend simply attempting them all. Reggae and rock meld flawlessly here to make perhaps the most well-known jump bars in the city of Cordoba. From the astounding paintings to the unrecorded music, this spot overflows such a lot of appeal and soul that it's hard not to think of it as perhaps the best bar in South America. It is advisable to stay until 2 am when things truly begin to get rolling.
  • Juan Sebastian Bar – Caracas, Venezuela: You may not consequently consider quality, exotic jazz when you think about the city of Caracas. Nonetheless, Venezuela's capital city is home to outstanding jazz and piano bars in South America. Guests reliably note precisely how fantastic the vibes, music, and beverages are here, all of which help make it quite possibly the most loosening up spots to go through a night in Caracas.
  • Toca do Morcego – Ilha de Tinharé, Brazil: Suppose your tour plan is flexible enough, and you are sufficiently fortunate to end up in Brazil's Tinharé Island. In that case, there could be no more excellent spot to watch the nightfall than at the scandalous seashore bar Toca do Morcego. Presenting genuine seashore vibes, this bar abandons dusk heaven into a pounding dance club when it sunsets. Head here right on time to guarantee you can appreciate both.
  • Nidia Fuzzion Party – Cuenca, Ecuador: Cuenca is a wonderfully quiet town in quite possibly the most memorable locales of Ecuador. Nidia Fuzzion Party is not that. With numerous floors to look over, it's typically the third floor, which is canvassed in neon paint, which guests will, in general, run to. Everything's down here, so on the off chance that you're going here, plan for an insane night out.
  • Bar La Playa – Valparaiso, Chile: Incredible pisco and agreeable supporters exemplify Valparaiso's most established bar. At Bar La Playa, you'll feel as though you're experiencing neighborhood culture, which is what anyone hiking through South America is genuinely searching for, isn't that so? Plan to brush shoulders with a portion of the city's most bohemian inhabitants as you appreciate great discussion and genuine vibes.


Drinking Tap water can be a little tricky in South America. This is because only two countries are usually considered to have safe tap water: Costa Rica and Chile. You will have to exercise extreme precaution when it comes to drinking tap water in this continent. While it is the most environmentally friendly option and you will help preserve the environment by not buying and dumping plastic water bottles, you also have to take in account the impact it will have on your health. The best way is to boil the water throughly and carry reusable water bottles. If that is not possible then resort to buying bottled water and when possible choose water that comes in glass bottles.


The continent of South America is full of ancient ruins, famous seashores, and adventures trails, and every bit of these wonders are worth exploring. Step back in time at the celebrated Machu Picchu, get sprinkled by a cascade that traverses two nations, and appreciate all the set of experiences, culture, and cooking that accompanies an extraordinary South American get-away.

There are tons of fun activities to do while enjoying your stay in this beautiful natural world. Try out the best cuisine according to your preference and stay in the most lavishing hotels. Do whatever it takes to make your vacation an enjoyable and memorable one!


While traveling to a new location, accommodation remains the primary concern for tourists and other foreign visitors. People tend to look forward to booking their stays in hotels and restrooms that provide the utmost comfort and ease throughout their journey. As a result, this aspect is one of the most crucial ones while traveling and vacationing abroad. It must be known that one's home's amenities and comfort cannot be matched by any other living place worldwide. Thus, it is advisable to choose from a wide range of staying options and select the most appropriate one as per your preferences and likability. This will enhance your vacation quality, and a good resting condition will let your body and mind remain calm and conditioned for the traveling days.

South America is home to an abundance of magnificent scenic beauty. Some numerous hotels and restrooms offer the view of such mesmerizing natural beauty right from the corner of the room's windows. As a result, if you are interested in making your stay a bit more special and memorable, you can book your stay in such hotels that allow their customer to benefit from this perk.

While traveling abroad or to a far-off nation, it must also be kept in mind that we should, in no way, abuse or degrade the quality of surroundings and environment while enjoying our stay. We must travel responsibly and ensure that our cherishing activities do not account for lessening the values or harm the local citizens' lifestyles residing there. Since South America is a reasonably active region that is always booming with international tourists from all over the world, there is a recent rise in waste products and degradation of natural resources in their land. Thus, it is also highly advisable for tourists to book their stays in eco-friendly hotels, otherwise known as green hotels. These hotels are meant for sustaining the already available resources so that the surroundings are unchanged and the environment remains secure. There are plenty of decent green hotels in South American countries that provide a great deal of luxury and comfort to their customers.

Typical hotel's quad in Cuzco, Peru

Green Hotels

In case you're searching for excellent Green Hotels to remember for your South America travel schedule, you'll be satisfied to realize that this superb mainland offers some of the world's most exceptional and lavish convenience living places. Here are some of the award-winning eco-friendly Green Hotels, a triumphant trifecta of top-notch administration, excellent food, and selectiveness. Every one of the top cabins and lodgings offers something no other contender does.

Tourists are highly recommended to book their stays in Green Hotels as these living places keep a check on natural resources and reusability availability. Moreover, there is minimal to no wastage of essential resources or energy. In all, there is nothing better than staying in these hotels like a responsible tourist while enjoying your stay in South America.

  • Casa Republica Lima, Peru

Hostels and Guest Houses

There are innumerable guest houses in the continent of South America. As mentioned earlier, this region is specifically suited the best for family vacations. Thus, tourists from all over the world are seen to spend their holidays in multiple countries all across South America. As a result, the number of hotels and guest houses in this region and the added services is immensely high. Here are some of the best guest houses in South America, from various countries in this region.

  • Inkaterra Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel

Above a simple base for visits to Peru's most acclaimed archaeological site, Inkaterra is a magnificent ecotourism project that offers a most remarkable South American travel insight into the core of the focal Andean mountain range. This property is phenomenal, and 81 beautiful Andean-style casitas are located in a far-reaching area of cloud woods covering more than 12 sections of land. Here, you can spot more than 200 unique types of Andean fowls, 100 unmistakable butterflies, and in a lot of 300 wild local orchids. Broad strolling trails on the property manager you to typical underground aquifers covered up among immaculate woods and lesser-realized Inca ruins that you can find all alone. The perks and added services of this lodge are first class, extravagances heavenly, and extraordinary food. Inkaterra is probably as radiant motivation to visit Machu Picchu as you might dream.

  • Mashpi Lodge, Ecuador

A top pick of National Geographic, Ecuador's Mashpi Lodge, lies at the Choco Rain Forest's core, one of the world's most bio-diverse areas. It is located just a three-hour drive from the capital, Quito, and this astounding eco-lodging was the brainchild of the city's previous chairman. He bought a considerable segment of flawless and generally essential cloud woodland to save it from being abused for logging. The ecological exertion positively paid off, making a shelter not only for the extraordinary animals living on this 3000-section of the land property yet besides for those fortunate enough to visit. The actual cabin is charming, yet the accentuation of its engineering is mainly on the perfect wild. Floor-to-roof windows manage the cost of natural life watching from each point: from the solace of your bed, the loosening up absorbs your private Jacuzzi, maybe while you're saluting the sun on the yoga deck or while making the most of your Haute-cooking supper in the two-story eatery.

  • Posada Amazonas, Peru

Posada Amazonas is right beyond the Tambopata National Reserve, one of Peru's best Amazonian saves for natural life watching and wilderness stays. This stunning decision is not just about as sumptuously selected as some others. Yet, it's the provincial appeal – and the reality it is a neighborhood native local area-based venture – that truly makes it unique. For anyone who is visiting Peru, Posada is not anything if not unbelievably delightful. The broad utilization of wood and everyday materials, just as the outside setting of each room, causes one to feel at one with the rainforest. You don't merely visit the Amazon when you stay at Posada Amazonas, and you completely live it. The hotel flaunts 20 well-renovated rooms, a public lounge area and bar, an awe-inspiring unwinding zone, and even an understanding community and gift shop.

  • The Singular Hotels, Patagonia & Santiago, Chile

Chile's Singular Hotels are the two individuals from the Five Star Alliance and offer something interesting in the two areas. In Chilean Patagonia, the Singular conveys an illustrious sheep-cultivating history on its back, is based on the once-well known sheep preparing plant which prodded on the establishment of close by Puerto Natales. Singular Patagonia is presently part lodging and part stroll through the historical center, adding an imbuement of exciting history to your visit. Besides the liberal rooms and dinners, you have the most fantastic aspect Patagonia directly in front of you. The celebrated Torres del Paine National Park and its barbed rock tops are nearby. Room rates incorporate all you'll at any point require: a heavenly night's rest, every one of your suppers, admittance to the spa, air terminal exchanges, and however many strolling journeys as your legs will deal with.

  • Tierra Atacama and Patagonia, Chile

If you face a difficult time finding Singular inns in Chile, the Tierra lodgings would unquestionably be it. These rich cabins give a false representation of their family-run inceptions and offer experience-filled spa and wellbeing stays in two of Chile's most desired objections: Patagonia and the Atacama Desert. The spa extravagances are unquestionably merited. In the wake of going through a whole day climbing, horseback riding, mountain trekking, and kayaking, either among Patagonia's staggering pinnacles or the enchanting lunar scenes of the Atacama, it's fantastic to get back home to such solaces. The National Geographic rates these among the Unique Hotels on the planet, and we can't help but concur. Everything about the Tierra lodgings is splendid, from the design to the convenience decisions, the food, and the exercises on offer.


If you plan to extend your stay in South America for a long duration, renting an apartment is considered the best course of action. This saves a great deal of money from your end, and you also end up living a more independent lifestyle while enjoying your stay in this region. There are plenty of well-recognized apartments in several South American countries, and you can rent them beforehand to secure your holiday.

  • Quimeyhue Lodge
  • Casa en La Viña
  • DoubleTree El Pardo
  • Radisson São Paulo Paulista
  • Condominio Arena Maris


The impact of Couchsurfing has been a massive hit in some parts of South America. Given the large landmass and the area this continent covers, numerous groups of people have different beliefs and opinions on this matter. The more conservative groups tend to be rather unsupportive of this plan. However, several other South American countries' developed cities are very encouraging towards this behavior if the visitor is willing to pay. So, suppose you are looking forward to spending your vacation in South America while being a guest at a local citizen's residence. In that case, you are highly recommended to visit the website of


Camping activities are pretty every day and vastly entertaining in the South American countries. Thus, if you visit this region as a tourist or vacationer, you can try out some of the best camping spots in several countries on the South American continent. Here are the best camping spots you can find in this country.

  • Desert camping
  • Finca San Pedro, Sogamoso, Boyacá
  • La Serrana Hostel, Salento, Quindío
  • Hacienda Venecia, Manizales, Caldas


Map of South America.png

South America is the world’s fourth-largest mainland in terms of area covered, and it reaches out from the Gulf of Darién in the northwest to the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego in the south. Since this continent covers such a great majority of landmass, South America's inherent topography, climate and assets, and human geology can be considered independently as they vary from region to region.

South America's extraordinary geographic variety adds to the mainland's enormous number of biomes. A biome is a local area of creatures and plants that spreads over a zone with a moderately uniform environment. Most of the South American regions densely covered with natural vegetation are seen to develop a particular ecosystem amongst themselves to sustain the wildlife and the natural vegetation.

Mountains and Highlands

South America's essential mountain framework, the Andes, is additionally the world's longest. The reach covers around 8,850 kilometers (5,500 miles). Arranged on the far western edge of the mainland, the Andes stretch from the southern tip toward the northernmost shore of South America. There are many mountain terrains and ranges which measure more than 4,500 meters (15,000 feet) tall, a large number of which are volcanic.

The most extraordinary mountain summit is situated in the Andes, known as Aconcagua, and it remains at 6,962 meters (22,841 feet) and rides the Argentina-Chile line. Aconcagua is also the tallest mountain outside Asia.

Greater altitudes are very common in the several ranges of the Andes. The altiplano of Peru and Bolivia, for instance, has a rise of around 3,700 meters (12,300 feet). The Patagonia locale of Argentina and Chile comprises lower-height levels and rough, icy masses. Overall, mountains and high altitude terrains make up for much of this region's topology.

Most elevated biome plants are minor, and their leaves are accustomed to shielding them from the ice and even the dry season. The most prominent spice on the planet, Puya raimondii, is known as the Andes' Queen. A Puya raimondii can live for a very long time and develop to more than 9 meters (30 feet) tall. The leaves of this jeopardized species all grow from one woody stem, permitting dampness to run down the leaves to the plant's base.

Outside the Andes, South America has two head-high country zones: the Brazilian Highlands and the Guiana Highlands. The first one is situated to the south of the Amazon River in Brazil. The Brazilian Highlands comprise low mountains and levels that ascent to an average height of 1,006 meters (3,300 feet). The Guiana Highlands are situated between the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers. The vigorously forested level of the Guiana Highlands covers southern Venezuela, French Guiana, Guyana, northern Brazil, and a segment of south-eastern Colombia.

Significant River Basins

Although there are numerous flowing rivers in the South American continent, there are three primary river basins in this region that overshadow others' impact. These are the Amazon, Orinoco, and Paraguay/Paraná.

The Amazon River basin covers many lands, close to 7 million square kilometers (2.7 million square miles), making it the most significant watershed on the planet. The river basin, which covers most of northern South America, is taken care of by feeders from the Andes. Consistently, the Amazon River discharges 209,000 cubic meters (7,381,000 cubic feet) of fresh water into the Atlantic Ocean.

The Amazon River is the existing power of the similarly massive Amazon tropical jungle, which makes up about a portion of the whole planet's tropical jungle. This tropical biome has upwards of 100 distinctive tree species on a solitary section of land, including the several likes of the rubber tree, silk and cotton tree, and Brazil nut tree. Other significant plant species incorporate palms and plants known as lianas that network through the tropical jungle's thick overhang.

The variety of plants, animals, and wildlife in the Amazon tropical jungle is unbeatable in the world's remainder. The tropical jungle is entirely appropriate for arboreal or tree-living creatures. More than 2 million creepy crawlies are local to the district, including many bugs and butterflies. Primates are bountiful—howler monkeys, insect monkeys, and capuchin monkeys—alongside sloths, snakes, and iguanas. A considerable number of local winged animals incorporate brilliantly shaded macaws, parrots, toucans, and parakeets.

The Orinoco River streams north of the Amazon. The Orinoco streams in a monster circular segment for more than 2,736 kilometers (1,700 miles), starting in the Guiana Highlands of northern Brazil and releasing in Venezuela's the Atlantic Ocean. The Orinoco River bowl covers around 948,000 square kilometers (366,000 square miles) and includes roughly 80% of Venezuela and 25 percent of Colombia.

A huge savannah or prairie area, known as the Llanos, is the Orinoco River bowl's important biome. The Llanos is comprised of grasses. Bog grasses, sedges, and bunchgrass are found in wet, low-lying regions. Floor covering grass is located in the higher and drier heights.

Like most other ecosystems around this region, the Llanos is the ideal territory for some feathered creature species, including the red ibis, bellbird, and umbrella bird. Significant waterway species incorporate the piranha, electric eel, and the Orinoco crocodile, which can arrive at a length of more than 6 meters (20 feet).

The Paraguay/Paraná River bowl covers an estimated 2.8 million square kilometers (1,081,000 square miles), a lot of south-eastern Brazil and Bolivia, Paraguay, and northern Argentina. The Paraná River incorporates Iguazu Falls, a gigantic arrangement of cascades that reach out for 2.7 kilometers (1.7 miles).

Alongside the Uruguay River, the Paraná River exhausts into the Rio de la Plata estuary among Argentina and Uruguay. The Rio de la Plata is the most populated district of the two nations. Buenos Aires, Argentina, and Montevideo's capital urban communities, Uruguay, face each other across the estuary.

The Paraguay/Paraná River bowl supplies water to the field’s biome, or Pampas, of South America. The Pampas have rich, ripe soil and unsurprising precipitation designs. They are the main touching and cropland territories on the mainland.

Sea coasts and plain lands in this region

Plains are generally a territory of low, level land close to a seacoast. South American beachfront fields are found on the north-eastern shore of Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean, and the western, Pacific shoreline of Peru and Chile. The waterfront fields of north-eastern Brazil are parched. The Brazilian Highlands go about as a wedge that pushes clammy ocean twists from the beachfront areas.

The western waterfront fields are additionally parched. They are caught between the cool Peru Current toward the west and the Andes Mountains toward the east. The Peru Current carries cold water to the Pacific shoreline of Peru and Chile. This surface water brings about a warm reversal: cold air adrift level and steady, hotter air higher up. Friendly regression delivers a thick layer of mists at low heights. These low-lying mists cover a large part of the Pacific shore of South America. They don't permit precipitation to shape.

The Atacama Desert is essential for the western waterfront plain. The Atacama is viewed as the driest place on the planet. The average precipitation is around 1 millimeter (0.04 inches) a year, and a few pieces of the Atacama have never had a downpour in written history.

Not very many plants fill in this desert. Indeed, even microscopic organisms such as insects and parasites are scant. More giant creature species are additionally uncommon, and incorporate the dark fox, a kind of deer called the huemul, and the viscacha—the most extensive individual from the chinchilla family. Sea flying creatures, like penguins, cormorants, and pelicans, are found on the desert coast. While the Atacama needs widely varied vegetation, it is a rich wellspring of copper and a central abundance of income for the Chilean economy.

The Central Andes' actual geology incorporates something other than the high Andes Mountains, even though they rule the scene. The seaside district toward the west of the Andes is by and large hotter than the mountains' more excellent environment. The tropical community is reasonably damp. The waterfront district in southern Peru is dry and dehydrated due to the sea flows and the downpour shadow impact of the Andes, making the Atacama Desert that stretches out from northern Chile.

Southwest Bolivia has a portion of the world's most enormous salt pads in this dry and desolate district. On the inside, on the eastern side of the mountain ranges, is the Amazon Basin's many regions. Tropical and damp with heavy precipitation is, for the most part, the environment rule. Tropical jungles and wilderness fauna can be found on the eastern slants. The Altiplano locale has the high-rise Lake Titicaca. The varieties in the actual landscape give overall biodiversity in creature and plant species. It additionally underpins an assortment of financial exercises to misuse the significant common assets.

Although the Altiplano locale borders the Pacific Ocean, it additionally connects straightforwardly to the Atlantic Ocean. The headwaters that make the Amazon River start in Peru. When the water arrives at the Peruvian city of Iquitos, the waterway is adequately huge to oblige enormous delivery vessels. Iquitos is a port city for the Atlantic Ocean with admittance to Europe, Africa, or eastern North America. Likewise, the port connects the area with Brazil's streamlined commerce zone in Manaus, which approaches enormous oceangoing delivery and a global market.


The South American continent covers a vast area of land, and there are some of the most important and beautiful places and countries in this area. Moreover, most of these cities are highly emergent, both in the economy and in public favor. Thus, currently, over a hundred key cities and landmarks in this continent are magnificent in scenic beauty and make for a great vacation with family and friends. Here are some of the main cities in South America that you must visit if you plan to spend a holiday there.

  • Bogotá — a city of contrasts with a hectic balance between the new and the old; the most cultural-minded of South American capitals.
Bogota Skyline
  • Buenos Aires — the city of tango, the most cosmopolitan city of Argentina
Buenos Aires at Night
  • Caracas — one of the most cosmopolitan and modern cities in South America, there are lots of theaters, malls, museums, art galleries, parks, well-conserved colonial architecture and even gastronomic restaurants
  • La Paz — the highest national capital in the world that is built in a canyon
  • Lima — a curious mix of modernity, large but orderly slum areas, and colonial architecture
  • Montevideo — the pleasant capital city of Uruguay, situated on the east bank of the Rio de la Plata
  • Rio de Janeiro — famous for its breathtaking landscape, its laidback beach culture and its annual carnival
  • Santiago de Chile — capital of Chile with many museums, events, theaters, restaurants, bars and other entertainment and cultural opportunities
  • São Paulo — a beehive of activity that offers a jovial nightlife and a diverse cultural experience

Getting There and Moving Around

As we all know, South America is a very vast continent made up of several beautiful countries. As such, the availability of transportation services in this region is pretty vast and amazing. Whether you are traveling inside the continent of South America or willing to visit it from any other corner of the world, there are numerous ways to back up your idea and reach South America effortlessly. Being home to some of the most important cities globally, it is also very well connected with the airlines known for very frequent flight departures and arrivals. The mode of transportation through seaways is also prevalent.


As mentioned earlier, South America's continent is home to numerous vital cities that are very busy on most days. As such, this region is very well-connected with the rest of the world based on airlines that function very effectively. If you are looking forward to visiting South America, no matter which country or continent you reside in, you can always reach this far-off land with no hassles. However, if you are booking flight tickets to South America, it is recommended to pre-book your travel not to have to face the rush during any particular phase.

One of the world's southernmost airport in Ushuaia, Argentina


The public bus service in South America is one of the most punctual ones in the world. The frequency and availability of buses from any particular destination are optimal, and one can expect a bus is traveling to their set destination every fifteen minutes or so. As a result, most people in this region prefer to travel via public buses to move around in their cities.

Public bus in Quito, Ecuador


The railway service in South America is very dependable, and most of the significant and minor journeys are traveled with trains in South America. The scheduling of trains and their frequency is very well managed so that there is one train scheduled for a particular destination at every hour or so. As a result, people who prefer to be punctual and diligent with their time are always traveling via trains in South America. As a tourist, you are also encouraged to travel and experience this region's railway system, not miss the excitement of the journey, and always be particular about your whereabouts.

Metro train in Santiago de Chile


Hitchhiking is an ancient customary process that is still followed in South American countries. Contrary to popular belief, South American people are constructive towards their local citizens and foreign visitors. Thus, you can safely travel along the roads of this region without having to worry about your security in most scenarios. However, being a tourist to this new land, you are always recommended to be cautious with the people you travel with, and you shouldn't approach this means as a solo traveler. However, if you are traveling in groups, hitchhiking can be an enjoyable experience.


The South American countries are highly populated in some regions, and there are quite a lot of parts that are densely covered by forests and natural vegetation. Thus, there are plenty of other modes of transportation to make your traveling experience effortless and enjoyable. You can use private cars, taxis, and even buses if you want to experience the beauty of this region fully. Since most public transportation is meant to serve the common public and locals, you can travel in private vehicles to save time and visit non-professional landmarks.

Passenger ferry from Buenos Aires to Montevideo

Sustainable Shopping

Shopping is one of the most famous attractions for any vacation, and tourists, no matter from what part of the world they are coming from, look forward to cherishing this part the most. Travel and shopping complement each other greatly, and vacationers love to take back quite a lot of memoirs from their visit, which they like to cherish as a memory.

However, shopping is beneficial for tourists or foreign visitors. Still, most local businesses also look forward to this activity to relax their business and make some necessary profit out of their products and services. This helps the economy of the country by a lot. South America is a land rich with cultural heritage and thousands of local businesses that rely on foreign tourists for trading their products. Thus, tourists who are about to visit South America are highly encouraged to be diligent towards the region's local and small businesses and help them as much as possible.


Recycling is highly encouraged and regularly practiced in the continent of South America. Apart from just being a large continent which is home to millions of people, this region is also known for its scenic beauty and thus, thousands of tourists visit this place every year. As a result, materials such as plastic and paper are extensively used and discarded.

However, the authorities have taken proper steps and made sure to implement them so that most recyclable waste products are treated effectively and as soon as possible. This practice keeps the surroundings clean and encourages the reuse of available resources, which benefits nature in numerous ways.


Waste management is a matter of grave concern in South America. The continent is enormous in size and population, and thus, proper strategies and execution must take place to sustain the environment from all waste-related hazards. Although the authorities have done a tremendous job over the past couple of decades to treat and properly manage waste materials, this concern remains a significant issue to be fought and overcome due to the large area that the continent covers.

Work and Study Abroad

South America offers a ton of educational and professional opportunities from scholars all around the world. This region is home to some of the most profound institutes and colleges which are very well-regarded worldwide. As a result, certain institutes and universities' degrees in this region are precious for a great professional career.

You can look up the subjects and courses you are willing to pursue and expect to get admission to one of the colleges or universities in South America. Also, there is plenty of work opportunities, so many people worldwide are seen to settle down in this region.

Exchange Student

International Student Exchange Programs are widespread and are executed in large numbers in certain South American institutes. There are plenty of well-renowned universities and colleges that encourage other scholars worldwide to interact with their students to understand better their educational system and the primary customs that are followed around the countries.

Au Pair

There are plenty of opportunities for foreigners and other visitors to immerse themselves in the rich culture of South America. Au Pair allows a person to stay and live with local citizens while figuring out their whereabouts in the new country. As a result, you can indulge yourself in a better understanding of the South American culture and be very well-guided by the locals.


The volunteering opportunities in South America are immensely high. As a result, if you are willing to serve the people in need while visiting the South American countries, you are highly recommended to contact the most prevailing volunteering associations in the regions. Volunteering for a nation does not necessarily mean you have to acquire the immigrant status, but you are recommended to be very passionate while doing social services.

See Also