Nepal

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Eco-friendly travel guide to Nepal advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to travel in a sustainable way and how to respect the local people and culture. Make your trip green by supporting locally owned hotels, organic restaurants and other businesses. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in Nepal, Asia.


  • Air quality: 3 / 5
  • Bus connections: 4 / 5
  • Train connections: 4 / 5
  • Hitchhiking: 5 / 5
  • National parks: 5 / 5
  • Outdoor activities: 5 / 5
  • Locals' English level: 2 / 5
  • Safety: 2.5 / 5
  • Accommodation: US$5 - $500
  • Budget per day: US$15 - $600

Responsible Travel

Nepal is a small South Asian country in the Himalayan region. It has India in the south and China in the east and west. It is a developing country, and most communities here belong to low-income groups. Hinduism and Buddhism are the two prominent religions that the locals follow. It has a strong cultural heritage with a panoramic mountain range landscape. The main attractions in Nepal are its historical and cultural landmarks and yoga ashrams. A lot of the tourists that visit Nepal come to attain inner peace. The country has a total population of 29 million that lives on land covering 147.516 square kilometers.

  • The pollution levels in Nepal are not excellent, and the main reason for such severe conditions is the tourism and the ignorance of the locals. If you want to travel to Nepal responsibly, then you need to help the locals become aware of the need to protect their environment and follow these measures yourself. You can do so by participating in volunteering activities that take place regularly. These activities will help you respect the locals and show your gratitude to them.
  • Another way to help the country reduce its pollution levels is by opting for public transportation options like buses, trains, metro, etc. These options are readily available and are quite affordable. You will find that these vehicles create comparatively less pollution than private cars. These vehicles will also help you interact with other tourists and locals that will enhance your Nepali experience.
  • Tourists who have a tight budget or don't want to spend unnecessary amounts of money on hotels and lodges, green hotels, hostels, apartments, guesthouses, campsites, and even Couchsurfing is available. These places are friendlier to the environment as they use different sustainable measures. They will also help you keep your carbon footprint minimal.
  • The country is not well-developed, and the people are not aware of the various benefits of reusing and recycling items. You will not find many recycling units in Nepal. Therefore, you must visit the handful available and make the locals and other tourists aware of such items. It will help you reduce the pollution levels and your carbon footprint. These items will also result in a decrease in total garbage.

You can use the above advice to make your Nepal experience worth every single penny. These will also help you respect the local environment from within you and pay proper care to it. It will also help you keep your carbon footprint minimal by making you a responsible tourist. Even if you use one of these pieces of advice, your Nepali experience will enhance.


Air Quality and Pollution

Nepal's air quality is not good because the statistics say that 76% of the total air in the entire country is polluted. The high rate of pollution is because many cities don't have a railway network; therefore, local people use public transport such as private taxis, buses, and personal motorcycles. These types of modes of transportation emit harmful greenhouse gases from their engine using petrol or diesel. This country is facing so much air pollution because of the less industrial policies regarding their carbon emission. The industrialization in Nepal affected the air very severely. They don't regulate and clean their chimneys; therefore, it releases a lot of smoke. Nepal should come up with strict policies regarding air pollution for industries and residential homes. Nepali people usually burn their garbage, including plastic, which pollutes the air. Air pollution can damage the lungs; the reason behind asthma and other respiratory problems is increasing pollution. Therefore, as a responsible traveler, you must not contribute to air pollution's growth rate and use an eco-friendly transportation mode.

  • Pollution Index – 84.26
  • Pollution Exp Scale – 149.9


Respect the Culture

You must respect the culture of every country you are visiting. Respecting a culture helps you understand their tradition and beliefs, which will help you connect with their native people easily. Besides this, you can also learn about their beliefs, traditional practices, or the richness of their culture. It would be best not to indulge in activities to make fun of any culture. It might emotionally upset the local people, and you might end up facing their anger or any other such emotion.

The culture of Nepal consists of various cultures of approximately 125 different ethnic groups. These groups express their culture through art, music, dancing, festivals, etc. Music and dance play an essential role in this country. Many people believe that the main form of dance came from the Hindu god Shiva who performed tandav in the Himalayas. Another dance form is the Diksha, which usually occurs at marriage ceremonies which involve the use of footwork and arm movements in an intricate manner. The music revolves around various themes of harvesting crops, marriage rites, war stories, and many other stories. They play these types of different themed-music by changing instruments and their tunes.


Top 10 Places to Visit

These are the top ten places that you must visit in Nepal. These places include temples where one can find peace and learn about gods. Ancient temples have artistic excellence of the old communities as they had limited resources. Other than there are a lot of things which one can do other than visiting temples. There are some historical places where Gautama Buddha was born. You will find many monasteries of that time and other ancient pieces of evidence in these places, including their preachings written and some carved incidents on those monasteries' walls. You can learn various things from them, including how they lived in ancient times with very few resources. Many caves can be visited by walking. Caves are very long and can help you understand prehistoric times and the lives of the cavemen. There are hilly regions that are present that will give you the best view of the immediate areas. There is a publicly accessible water park where you can visit at no cost, and you can enjoy the freshwater which falls from a high altitude.

  • Swayambhunath (Kathmandu)
  • Pashupatinath (Kathmandu)
  • Devi's Fall (Pokhara)
  • Siddha Gufa (Bandipur)
  • Phulchoki (Ryale)
  • Lumbini (Rupandehi District)
  • Annapurna Region ( Gandaki Zone)
  • Shree Muktinath Temple (Muktinath)
  • Guptesvar Caves (Pokhra)
  • Nagarkot (Bhaktapur District)


Explore

There are many places to explore in Nepal. This country has various types of city parks, national parks, museums, beaches, and landmarks. Exploring something is right for your mental health as it helps you explore and discover new things in new different places. Another health benefit is that your body will get exercise in various forms. While doing this, you must know that you must eat what is right for your health as it will help you gain strength and energy to explore. Exploring cities, regions, and areas of a country will remove boredom and help you create a memorable time.


City Parks

There are city parks present in the entire country. The best and the most popular among the locals and the travelers are listed below. These parks are famous for their cleanliness and various other facilities. These parks are free for public use at any time of the day. There is a small amusement park with few rides present for the kid's enjoyment. You can come here with your partner and enjoy various activities such as strolling in the garden paths, picnicking, boating, eating at the local food stalls, and feeding the ducks, resting on the benches or shaded areas, etc. There are small canteens and vendor stalls available near the parks for snacks for beverages. As most of this country is polluted, you can visit parks for fresh and clean air as trees act as purifiers and remove a large variety of pollutants from the air, decreasing the risk of cancer, asthma, and other respiratory problems. There is a play area where anyone can play outdoor sports like badminton, cricket, and volleyball. Other than this, there are dustbins which are placed all over the parks. There are separate walking tracks built for the people visiting this place for morning and evening walks. A Morning walk can provide you activeness to the body and boost your mind; walking is also beneficial as it helps a person to remain fit.

  • Amideva Buddha Park (Kathmandu)
  • JworKushum Park (Bharatpur)
  • Komagane Park (Pokhra)
  • Prakash Chowk Tikathali (Bhaktpura)
  • Narayani Park (Bharatpura)


National Parks

If you love nature or love to discover various new plants and animals, you must visit Nepal's national parks. These parks have low prices; therefore, they can be termed as affordable. You learn about different plant species in detail and the plant's live representation, including the height, color, leaves, and other things. Along with plants, they also offer different species of animals that are at risk of extinction. You can observe those animals along with their lifestyle in detail. National parks also help in saving many animals and plants. Some of the national parks offer you a guide which involves a multilingual guide which can speak English and knows that park in detail. If you want to gain knowledge about plants and animals, you can choose a guided tour. These national parks also teach us how to conserve nature and animals in detail and why it is necessary to protect them. They teach us about the ecosystem and the life cycle of natural things. There are a lot of adventurous things which you can do in these parks.

  • Chitwan National Park (Subarnapur)
  • Sagarmatha National Park (Lukla)
  • Langtang National Park (Langtang Valley)
  • Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park (Sundarijal)
  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve (Mahakali)
  • Khaptad National Park (Silgadhi)


Beaches

A beach is a land connected with a water body and is the formation of rock, sand, gravel, pebbles, or biological sources such as coralline algae, mollusk shells, etc. The ocean or sea wind also affects the formation of a beach as it helps the sediments settle. Therefore, wind and weather create different textures, colors, and gradients of a beach layer. There are many benefits to visiting the beaches. Beach can help you in relaxing your mind and body through the sounds of the waves. Some beaches allow you to camp, which can help you get better sleep as the fresh sea breeze in the night gives positive effects to your body by increasing the capacity to take oxygen as much as possible. It also helps get deep relaxation, affecting in better sleep. Beaches also help in reducing stress, anxiety, and depression. You can play various sports on the beaches, including beach volleyball or water sports like snorkeling, windsurfing, and other such sports. Beaches are suitable for sunbathing; all of the body takes more of the vitamin D and UV rays, helping to cure various skin issues and infections along with its salt and sand. You can even walk on the beach as walking on the beach is more efficient than working on a track because the required efforts to walk on the sand are more. There are some stalls and bars which are available for your enjoyment.

  • Royal Beach (Kathmandu)
  • Sukute Beach (Kadambas)
  • Shivaghat Beach (Bharatpur)
  • Charaundi Beach (Charaundi)


Landmarks

Landmarks are a place or a spot that acts as a substitute for visiting that specific city. There are mini landmarks in this country. These landmarks are very famous among the locals and the travelers who have visited this city. There are many convenient ways to reach these places as many modes of transportation run across these sites. Nepal's landmarks involve the statue of Lord Shiva, palaces, temples, and various other historical monuments. Some of these landmarks mentioned below dates back to ancient times of different dynasties. These landmarks serve as a significant revenue source in the form of tourist attraction. These landmarks add revenue for Nepal and are also emotionally connected to the locals, as many cultural festivals and ceremonies usually happen here. Different vendors are present selling various items, including jewelry like lockets, rings, bracelets, etc.

  • Durbar Square (Kathmandu)
  • Dakshinkali (Kathmandu District)
  • Manakamana (Kathmandu District)
  • Kali Gandaki Gorge (Kowang)
  • Sinja Valley (Kanakasundari)
  • 55 Window Palace (Bhaktapur)
  • Ramagrama (Palhi)
  • Nyatapola Temple (Bhaktapur)
  • Kailashnath Mahadev Statue (Suryabinayak)


Museums

A museum is a place where there is a collection of historical artifacts of different categories, including artistic, cultural, scientific, or historical. There are various museums: art museums, history museums, science museums, war museums, and children museums present in Nepal. A museum typically exhibits its items in public for knowledge. Visiting a museum can give you experience about the ancient culture and historical activities of the country. Along with it, you will get to know about various inventions that have happened. Knowledge makes you smarter, and museums play an essential role in providing it. You may also get inspired by the history of the art exhibited there. There is an entry fee in every museum, which helps in excavations and maintenance of the museum.

  • Taragaon Museum (Kathmandu)
  • National Museum of Nepal (Kathmandu)
  • Nepal Cultural Museum (Kathmandu)
  • Global Nepali Museum (Kathmandu)
  • Bronze and Brass Museum (Kathmandu)
  • Hanumandhoka Palace Complex (Kathmandu)
  • Patan Museum (Lalitpur)
  • Pujarimath Museum (Bhaktapur)
  • Kapilvastu Museum (Kapilvastu)
  • Children's Art Museum of Nepal (Kathmandu)
  • International Mountain Museum (Pokhara)
  • Gorkha Durbar Museum (Gorkha)


Eat

  • Dal Bhat Tarkari

Dal Bhat Tarkari is a Nepali dish. A dal is a soup prepaid with lentils, grains, and spices spread over boiled rice and vegetable curry called tarkari with a spicy pickle. It comes under the Khas cuisine, in which the locals eat it twice daily. As earlier mentioned, these cuisines depend on ingredients' availability; therefore, you can use rice to substitute with other grains. In some places, dahi, yogurt, and masu, carried meat or fish, are served along with this dish as side dishes. These side dishes are acceptable to all the cast, including the Brahmins.

  • Himalayan Cuisine

Tibetian Influenced cuisine is Himalayan cuisine, which is culturally influenced by Tibbetts. The climate of the Himalayas doesn't allow many crops to be grown even the fertility of the soil is not so good; therefore, the people living in the Himalayan region prefer warm food, including soup, thukpa, tea, and strong alcohol. Alcohol comes f grains. Other dishes include dhido, a millet of barley dough, curry made of potato, dumplings, and goat or sheep. Thukpa which is is a noodle soup along with various vegetables like a tomato.

  • Thakali Cuisine

Thakali Cuisine comes from the Himalayan and low-land people living in the Thak-Khola Valley; this is less vegetarian than earlier cuisines. These thakali cuisines local use buckwheat, barley, millet, dal rice, maize. Thakali people make it using the old Tibetan form by adding butter and salt to the tea.

  • Terai Cuisine

Terai Cuisine is a cuisine consisting of basmati rice, tarkari, deep-fried potato, brinjal, cauliflower, Chile, known as tarua. Coming to non-veg items, they consume fish and goat curry. These are the famous cuisines of this country. Other than this, there are many other cuisines available in different regions.


Drink

There are more alcoholic drinks that are present in Nepal and are consumed all over this country. Different villages and cities consume different types of beverages.

  • Chyang

Chyang is a popular drink made by fermenting rice; therefore, it is white and tastes a bit sour. This drink is the second most-consumed in local trains of Nepal. The younger generation who usually consumes vodka claims this drink is a milk drink. It is a locally brewed drink bred by thousands of families who keep the price low, and due to the last demand, they have to keep the production high throughout the year. The easiest type of Chyang to be brewed is White Chyang, which brews in 2 weeks. Other than this, Red Chyang is the second type of Chyang made on earth and is a thick brown color that is known by the name brown chyang and hyaunthoon. These two types are relatively uncommon to see but are readily available if one knows where to find it.

  • Aila

Aila is the most crucial alcoholic beverage which is present in Nepal. This drink has very high alcohol content, which can be known by its smell. It can be brewed by millet and distributed after the process of distillation. Some experienced and famous restaurants that brew this drink offer you a single, twice, or thrice distilled liquor. The Maximum amount of this drink is prepared and purified at homes, including the sales in taverns. It is done mostly by Nepali people.

  • Tongba

Tongba is the national drink and the most popular alcoholic drink in the Eastern part of Nepal. It is also popular and Sikkim and Darjeeling of India. It comes without adding any water to the millet; therefore, it should fall under the category of beer, but its growing process does not involve water. It doesn't come under the beer category. It is served in a large bamboo glass and comes with a wooden or metal straw. It is also available at any shop, and because of the alcohol and warm water, the demand for the beverage is relatively high in winters and mountainous regions.

  • Raksi

Raksi is a particular type of alcoholic beverage. It is famous again on the eastern border with India to the west of Pokhara and is a home-brewed drink. If you want to try this drink, you must try it from a decent restaurant as many people add harmful chemicals like drugs to the prophets of this drink. Due to less amount of alcohol present in this drink, many of the people who try this drink for the first time often over-consume it.


Tap-water

The tap water of this country is not fit for drinking as it has many impurities present. However, you can buy bottled water, which is readily available in each city of this country. But if you buy plastic bottles throughout your trip, this will cause a tremendous environmental impact due to the high use of plastic. Even if you are consuming four bottles a day, you will throw 56 bottles in just two weeks. Fifty-six water bottles of plastic can cause so much use of microplastics, and Nepal is already dealing with a lot of soil pollution. Using plastic water bottles increase your carbon footprints, and they are not suitable for your health. There are verification tablets available in the medical shops which can verify the tap water to the maximum extent. Still, those are not reliable and do not guarantee to cure the water to the hundred percent. The best method is boiling the water as this will decrease the number of chemicals dissolved in this and kill the microorganisms that can upset your stomach or cause various health-related problems. Nepal has an ample supply of water, but that does not allow you to wastewater unnecessarily. If you live in an apartment, you can easily use a reverse osmosis filter in your tap, which will remove maximum impurities if you want to stay here for a longer time.

Tap Water Sources:

  • Snowcaps, which cover the entire Himalayas, provide freshwater as the glaciers frequently offer water. These glaciers cover 5323 km² and count 3256 glaciers. Constant melting of glaciers accounts for a total of 2323 glacier lakes covering an area of 75.7 km².
  • River Basins - There are approximately six thousand rivers, including tributaries in Nepal. According to calculations, the total length of all the rivers present in Nepal is 45,000 kilometers.
  • Groundwater is also a source of water that is usable for domestic and irrigation purposes. This source is renewable and is estimated to be 12 km³. These are used as a replacement when the river water is shallow.


Activities

There are many activities to perform in various cities of this country as this country is a home for many types of activities, including water, sports, nature, adventurous activities. Activities help a person to create memories and also helps in learning various new things. There are activities available at different price ranges. Activities that involve trekking in the mountain region include various physical activities. Activities also include visiting monasteries, museums, and temples, giving a richness of cultural heritage. You will get to know about the different rituals which are followed by various temples. You can also visit caves where ancient people used to live. Other adventurous activities, including rock climbing, are guided by the experts and are followed by every safety measure. You can even visit the national parks via a jungle safari expedition accompanied by a driver and a guide. They execute your tour to the national park and introduce it to you in detail.

  • Trekking
  • River Rafting
  • Visiting Monasteries
  • Visiting Museums
  • Visiting Caves and Temples
  • Rock Climbing
  • Para Gliding
  • Bungee Jumping
  • Zip Line
  • Sky Diving
  • Jungle Safari


Accommodation

Accommodation is a means to stay in a foreign land. There is a lot of stay in options available in the entire country depending on the facilities and luxury provided. Different accommodation options also cause different prices. The choice can also vary depending on the situation. While selecting a place to stay, preferably one that is eco-friendly such as green hotels, hostels, apartments, campsites, and even Couchsurfing.


Green Hotels

Green hotels are the hotels certified by the government or any government's regulatory body, making them different from typical hotels. These hotels specialized in maintaining sustainability in their electricity. Day uses of electricity come from renewable sources of energy and are self-generated by solar and wind power. Along with it, they have significantly less use of human-made fabrics. They use organic materials for bed sheets, towels. The cosmetics available such as bathing soap, face wash, and shampoo, are entirely made of herbal and organic products. There are dustbins placed worldwide or resort and have a beautiful garden to spend some evening time. As most of the required electricity is self-generated, such hotels' cost is lesser than standard hotels. Not many tourists or locals prefer these types of hotels; therefore, it is present in smaller amounts.


Hostels and Guest Houses

If you are a solo traveler and need a budget-friendly accommodation option, then a hostel room or a guest house is the best option for you. These rooms are available with necessary facilities, and in some states, hostel rooms offer a complimentary breakfast as well. Some hostels have strict policies regarding timings; therefore, you must confirm with the hostel before checking if they have any time regulation closing the hostel's gates. Staying in a hostel will help you in making new friends from different countries. It will help you with improving your social skills and getting familiar with the locals. You usually get a semi-furnished room which you have to share with a room-mate.


Apartments

Apartments are flats which are available for rent or sale. You can find many apartments available for rent for tourists in every city you visit. The most common category of apartments comes in two bedrooms, one hall, and one kitchen. It is suitable for a group of friends, family, or couple visit if you are planning to stay longer in this country and want some private space then apartments will be best for you. These apartments are fully furnished and attached with a semi-modular kitchen. Many benefits of living in an apartment help you become self-dependent. You have to do your work by yourself, including cooking food, cleaning the room, washing clothes, and other such daily activities. You can cook your food rather than bringing food from outside as it will help you be hygienic and is healthy food. The security mini apartment gives premium quality, and the area had covered with CCTV cameras all over the premises. Therefore, some of the cities situated near the mountain region advised that you must choose the top floors to enjoy sunset and sunrise from your balcony peacefully.


Couchsurfing

In this country, Couchsurfing is possible, but due to the low rates of different accommodation types, there are less fewer hosts. There are approximately 24,000 hosts in entire Nepal, which are smaller in number than a whole city. The crime of Nepal is also very low, which allows a safe Couchsurfing. Couchsurfing is a type of accommodation that mostly does not involve money; instead, helping the person, you live in his daily household works. It will help you in socializing with that host. The host, a local of Nepal, can tell you about the various famous tourist spots of that state you live. He can also tell you about where are money-saving tips on the regular scans that happens to the travelers.


Camping

Nepal has many campsites in its different regions. You can camp on the Nepali beaches as many of the locals or tourists do. Camping can be adventurous as it will help you explore various things, especially the night sky if you love stargazing. Camping enables you to relax with the trees' fresh air. As many of the locals and other tourists practice camping; therefore, even if you are alone, you can find or make new friends. Camping on the beach can be very cold at night.

Consequently, you must carry proper types of equipment for heating. Using a battery-operated electric heater is a better choice rather than a bonfire. It is because bonfires will cause pollution and contribute to the growing pollution. Other than this, you will find that camping is only fun for 2-3 days, but after that, it will become boredom. Therefore, you cannot rely entirely on this type of accommodation.


Regions

Cities

Getting There and Moving Around

Nepal is a country that has many means of transport. These transports are either usable to reach Nepal or to move around inside the country. There are approximately 43 airports which state that any person from anywhere can get to this country directly. There are international buses which run from Kathmandu from Delhi, the only problem is that it takes a lot of time so if you are having a lot of time, you can get to Nepal by bus. Trains run across in many Nepali cities, which makes it covering many parts of Nepal easy. Other than this there are bicycles, auto rikshaw and other such public transport to move around this city.


Air

The network of Nepal is very efficient as there are 43 airports built all over Nepal. Some of the famous airports are;

  • Lukla Airport - this is a public type airport present over an elevation of 9,334 feet. The reason this airport is famous is because of the flights that run daily between Lukla and Kathmandu. This airport first operated in 1964, which currently took 2,650 US dollars, which Walton building and establishing new facilities for the passengers.
  • Tribhuvan International Airport - it is an airport which is present in Kathmandu. The dead king of Nepal gave the name of this airport. The first operation which took place happened in 1949. If you visit Kathmandu directly, you must know that some of the planes offer you beautiful scenery when they fly near the Himalayas. The elevation of this airport is 4,390 feet. This airport provides meaningful facilities that include; a runway of 10,990 feet, a navigation helper, and the terminals. There are two terminals for the public, from which one is for international traffic and the other is for domestic traffic.
  • Pokhara Airport Domestic Airport - Made under the on-air agreement travel between India and Nepal, this airport first opened in 1958 with an elevation of 2,712 feet. This airport does not have many consumers. Nevertheless, it is an excellent option for getting cheap domestic flights. You can also enjoy some peaceful time at this airport as it is void of traffic.
  • Biratnagar Airport - This is the third busiest airport in Nepal. The airport has plans to serve domestic flights. This report spread over an elevation of 236 feet and connects to many cities of the world. It offers some affordable prices to both locals and tourists.


Bus

The bus network of this country is very vast and the most preferred mode of transportation. There is an international bus which runs from India to Nepal. The ticket prices are not too much in this country. Bus network covers almost every place in this country. The buses are large with fewer seats so that passengers can get enough space. There are some snacks and beverages which are available throughout the journey. Buses also have a Wi-Fi system with a charging socket, required in these types of trips. There are different types of buses divided into three categories – public buses that are best to move around inside a city. Inter-city buses transport you from one city to another, and the third one is the international bus that runs across borders.


Train

The railway system has not yet fully developed as out of 11 stations; three are still under construction. Nepal railways is a state-owned company which is responsible for operating all the passenger trains services in Nepal. It also offers a train from India. This Railway corporation opened in 1927, and its headquarter is in Janakpur. There are eight interstate freight routes and connections through which this train goes. However, this report had come fully operational in 2005.


Hitchhiking

Hitchhiking is possible in this country, as many people believe in humanity and helping the needy ones. Hitchhiking is a mode of moving around which generally requires attracting any passerby. In hitching, you ask for a lift from the drivers and passersby going in the same direction. You can have fun with you for the helper, as many of the travelers are alone; therefore, they are more likely to help you, and you can enjoy your ride with them. As many of the transportation options are pocket-friendly; therefore, hitchhiking is common in Nepal.


Others

Other means of transport include bicycles available for rent in small charges that you can pay after your renting time expiration. You can purchase or rent various gears of cycling and a bike like a knee cover and helmet. There is a metro, which is the fastest means of transport available in some cities. Other than this, rental cars or motorcycles are also available for hire, which will create a lot of air and noise pollution. Therefore, you must go with electric vehicles which do not generate air and noise pollution.


Sustainable Shopping

Sustainable shopping means those products which have a positive impact on our health and the environment. We should buy sustainable products as they do not create much pollution even during production. Sustainable shopping has many benefits. They help in protecting the ground as it has a less negative impact on the environment. They also help us remain healthy because the food products include less use of pesticides, chemicals, and preservatives, polluting the food and causing many health-related issues. These products promote health because these products are free from harmful chemicals. It focuses on buying from the locals; therefore, supporting local businesses and employment. Sustainable shopping consists of second-hand markets, flea markets, food stalls, and eco-fashion stores. These are the four categories of sustainable shopping that are available in Nepal. Second-hand markets open in this country in every state come under sustainable shopping because it saves the energy and raw material required to produce a new product. It also keeps many lands that would otherwise require dumping products and reserves the power needed in disposing of it. Next are the food stalls; food stalls by local vendors are present in almost every street. The food they serve is ready to eat and made freshly in front of your eyes, giving you hygienic and quality satisfaction and taste. A flea market is where many vendors sell their product collectively on a large ground; these are a seasonal type of places and are available in every season. The vendors usually sell their hand-made products that include jewelry, clothing items, handbags, footwear, art, etc.


Recycling

There are not many recycling plants in this country because people here do not believe in recycling. However, recycling has many benefits to the environment as it positively impacts the environment through various methods. It saves the energy required in dumping and disposing of the waste. Recycling also helps in saving a lot of land in the landfill. There are various things or elements that can be recycled, including plastic, metal, glass, tin, paper. Papers can be recycled and used in different forms, such as newspapers. The metal of any kind can be melted and cast into a new shape. Glass can be dissolved or reused for various designs. Tin can be used for recycling and converting into soft drink cans.


Waste

Around 75 percent of locals are dissatisfied with the garbage disposal, which clearly shows that Nepal's waste management policies are not good enough. The government needs to come with new rules and procedures to control waste management. For this, they must install dustbins at various public places so that no one throws garbage on the road. Many of the people throw litter along the river coast and in the river too. However, the government has implemented strict rules regarding throwing trash in the river. Waste requires an immense landform in which they collect all the garbage and then dump it. It creates land and air pollution because of its toxic smell. If not kept to the dumping ground, waste can cause yellow fever and many more diseases. Some of the locals burn the garbage, which creates a lot of air pollution in the air. Other than landfills, the other way of treating garbage is by incineration, which means using a high amount of thermal energy to dispose of waste. This type of waste management requires a lot of energy. These two are the most efficient and famous ways of treating waste.


Work and Study Abroad

There are many job options available for well-qualified and educated people, including managerial posts of different companies trying to establish their business in Nepal. Other than this, you can even become a tourist guide if you are an expert in learning languages and knows many languages. There are many jobs available other than these. Working in a foreign country can make you independent and responsible if you are the only one living here. Nepal is a developing country, and many buildings require a massive workforce for work; you can also go there searching for a job. Studying in this country is very efficient, especially in history. Nepal has many historical things, including those in world wars. There are local agencies which provide you work according to your eligibility. This country has many international universities that offer top-quality education along with co-curricular activities.


Exchange Student

The exchange student program is a program where students of that university are sent to the partner university, present in a foreign country, to complete the remaining degree. Few universities in Nepal have access to this program. There are many reputed universities in Nepal that have a partnership with other universities. These universities often send their students through the program to increase their reputation. Nevertheless, these programs are great for your mental, psychological, and personality development.


Au Pair

An au pair is a person from a foreign country who stays with a local family and helps them by taking care of their child. Many opportunities are available because many families have working parents and are always searching for their child's care. Also, Nepal's crime rates are meager; therefore, there is no chance of getting scammed. You must be humble and kind to the family and their child who hire you as their au pair.


Volunteering

There are many NGOs that are available in this country. Some of the NGOs are very famous and are very much active. Different NGOs work with other categories. Some of them work as an environmental specialist who raises campaigns, rallies, and street acts as it makes people understand the various negative impact on nature. They also showcase what will happen if we won't care about nature. Other NGOs work for human safety and rights; they teach everyone about different case studies and deal with them. Some of them are on animal rights, and they protect, feed, and take care of them. Some NGOs help women regarding self-defense, karate, or judo to defend themselves from any problem.


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