Eco-friendly travel guide to Wales advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to travel in a sustainable way and how to respect the local people and culture. Make your trip green by supporting locally owned hotels, organic restaurants and other businesses. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in Wales, United Kingdom.
- Air quality: 2.0 / 5
- Bus connections: 3.0 / 5
- Train connections: 3.7 / 5
- Hitchhiking: 2.0 / 5
- National parks: 3.5 / 5
- Outdoor activities: 3.8 / 5
- Locals' English level: 4.2 / 5
- Safety: 2.6 / 5
- Accommodation: US$30 - $150
- Budget per day: US$45 - $250
- 1 Responsible Travel
- 2 Air Quality and Pollution
- 3 Respect the Culture
- 4 Top 10 Places to Visit
- 5 Explore
- 6 Eat
- 7 Drink
- 8 Activities
- 9 Accommodation
- 10 Regions
- 11 Cities
- 12 Getting There and Moving Around
- 13 Sustainable Shopping
- 14 Recycling
- 15 Work and Study Abroad
- 16 See Also
Traveling to a country abroad or places unknown, one has to follow the rules and regulations that each place has and abide by them. Apart from these, rules there are also some basic etiquette that travelers and tourists need to follow to maintain the serenity of the place they visit and keep it pristine.
The same goes for Wales. Wales is a popular region under the United Kingdom banner. This region is one of the most popular tourist spots in all of the United Kingdom. When a person plans on traveling to regions like Wales, some basic etiquettes may or may not be rules, but irrespective is a good practice. Let us talk about some of these rules.
- Travel during off-seasons
- Use slower modes of travel
- Support local businesses
Air Quality and Pollution
Wales as a region in the United Kingdom encounters a portion of the United Kingdom's worst air quality, and air contamination presents the country state's greatest ecological danger to general wellbeing. The wellbeing effects of air contamination openness inside the nation are studied, and an approx. Valued that came is 1,400 premature deaths per year. The principal toxins responsible for poor air quality in Wales are particulate matter - PM2.5 and PM10, and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), the two of which have been known to be the major reason behind many health and wellbeing issues in people. These wellbeing issues include bothering of eyes, nose, and throat, disturbance of existing respiratory sicknesses like asthma, migraines, and queasiness. Long haul openness moreover expands hazard of cardiovascular and respiratory illness and disease.
Respect the Culture
Wales has one of the most established solid artistic customs in Europe returning to the 6th century and including Geoffrey of Monmouth and Gerald of Wales, viewed as among the best Latin creators of the Middle Ages. The soonest group of Welsh section, by writers Taliesin and Aneirin, endure not in their unique structure but rather in much-changed, archaic versions. Welsh verse and local legend and learning endure the Dark Ages, through the period of the Poets of the Princes and afterward the Poets of the Gentry. The previous were proficient artists who made tributes and epitaphs to their benefactors, while the last preferred the cywydd meter. The time frame created perhaps the best artist, Dafydd ap Gwilym. After the Anglicisation of the upper class, the practice declined.
There are over 50 public overseeing bodies responsible for each of their games in Wales. Most of those engaged with cutthroat games select put together and oversee people or groups address their country at worldwide sporting events against different nations. Wales is represented at several international sporting events like the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup, Rugby League World Cup, and the Commonwealth Games. Even though football has generally been the more mainstream sport in north Wales, rugby association is viewed as an image of Welsh character and a declaration of public consciousness. The Wales public rugby association group participates in the yearly Six Nations Championship and has additionally contended in each Rugby World Cup, facilitating the competition in 1999.
Wales turned into the UK's first computerized TV nation. BBC Cymru Wales is the public broadcaster, creating both TV and radio projects in all of Wales. For example, the telecaster likewise delivers projects, for example, Life on Mars, Doctor Who, and Torchwood, for the BBC's organization crowd across the United Kingdom. ITV, the UK's principal business telecaster, has Welsh-arranged assistance marked as ITV Cymru Wales, whose studios are in Cardiff Bay. S4C, situated in Carmarthen, first transmission on 1 November 1982. For the most part, its yield was Welsh-language at top hours yet shared English-language content with Channel 4 on different occasions. Since the computerized switchover in April 2010, the direct has communicated solely in Welsh. BBC Radio Cymru is the BBC's Welsh-language radio help, broadcasting all through Wales.
Top 10 Places to Visit
- Barafundle Bay
You might be bound to connect the Maldives with astonishing seashores than Wales, yet indeed this little nation has a considerable number of to rave about. Like Barafundle Bay, which has been named truly outstanding in the entire world by Passport Magazine, it was known as a "visual excess of excellence." It's a little bent seashore encircled by moving green slopes, pine trees, and sand rises. With a ten brief stroll to get to it from the closest car park, you'll have a tourist detour before you show up, and the seashore itself is sandy and unblemished, with clear blue waters.
- St. Davis
Davids is the littlest city in the UK, yet it's more similar to a little town. Other than the basilica — with is certainly worth a visit — it is energetically suggested taking a drive (or leave) to the Chapel of St. Non, where you will likewise discover St. Non's well. This spot denotes the origin of St. David, and close to the demolished church sits a flawless present-day house of prayer and retreat. This tough piece of the seaside way is additionally worth a walk.
- Sosban & The Old Butchers, Anglesey
The best part of Anglesey is an excursion to this high-end food, Michelin featured eatery. Anglesey is a lovely island off the northeast shore of Wales. Its entire provincial coast is delegated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and it's even the area of Prince William and Kate Middleton's previous love home, where they inhabited the start of their marriage. Concerning the eatery, it's a little issue with no menu and is just open for three days per week. Utilizing neighborhood, new fixings, it's an incredible method to find Welsh cooking: the food has gotten outstandingly rave surveys.
Porthgain was at one time a little business harbor utilized for sending out stone from the close-by quarry, yet is presently a well-known spot for travelers and local people. In the event that you don't have a vehicle, you can arrive at Porthgain by taking the Strumble Shuttle waterfront transport administration. Porthgain several eateries, craftsmanship exhibitions, and it's an incredible spot for dispatching kayaks.
- Cwm Idwal walk
Wales is a walker's heaven because of its mild environment, the abundance of data accessible on different strolls, and the shocking scenes to be investigated. Showing up on the National Trust's rundown of unbelievable strolls, Cwm Idwal follows "a bowl-formed empty loaded up with the perfectly clear waters of Llyn Idwal"; a lake which the walk encompasses. It's a dazzling method to put in a couple of hours, with rock arrangements and the precipitous emotional scenes of the most seasoned National Nature Reserve in the country. The course likewise passes the lake Llyn Ogwen, said to be where King Arthur's sword lies.
Tenby is an exquisite archaic city, which has been named "Individuals' Favorite Place" in Wales. In any event, for a well-known vacationer location, People wouldn't find Tenby to be stuffed, notwithstanding. Tenby disregards two islands - St. Catherine's is the closest one out of them. The best time to reach the island by foot is at low tide. The harbor, North Beach and South Beach are generally worth a visit.
Aberdyfi is a small town on the West Wales coast that is a flawless little spot to sit back, unwind and appreciate the dazzling serenity of Dovey Bay. It has an exquisite sandy seashore that is ideal for paddling or kayaking. In case you're searching for some sand rises, head across the inlet to Ynyslas seashore. You may even see the old timberland that has vanished into the ocean – at low tide; you can, in any case, see the tree stumps on the seabed!
Perhaps one of the most famous and popular oceanside towns in west Wales, Aberaeron is a stunning spot to visit. This place is filled with brilliant houses, loads of new fish, and a warm greeting by local people. Make a point to attempt the honor-winning food at The Harbor Master and try to attempt their Pan-seared child squid or Monachty bird and a chasm on the yummy homemade frozen yogurt from The Hive. Aberaeron is absolutely pleasant and probably the best spot in Wales to visit on your outing towards Aberystwyth.
- Dinefwr Castle
It would not be right not to visit one and absorb the set of experiences in a land loaded with palaces. Dinefwr is in an especially alluring setting in Camarthenshire with lovely perspectives on the open country, just as a close essentially save. The post traces back to the 1100s when it was related to the standard of Lord Rhys.
- Castell Coch
Castell Coch (or the Red Castle) is one of Wales' most famous palaces. Set inside the lush slopes, generally near Cardiff, Castell Coch is an extraordinary spot to visit when in Cardiff or driving along the M4 motorway further west. Castell Coch is so delightful! Additionally, it's so natural to see when in Cardiff. It's effectively up there as probably the best spot in Wales to see.
Being one of the major regions in all of the United Kingdom, Wales has seen its fair share of tourists over the years. Along with that, the region is also one of the most densely populated regions in the UK. This means that the government and officials of this region work tirelessly to build new interesting parks and renovate historical landmarks for people in this region to enjoy. This section will deal with this matter in detail. Here in this section, we shall discuss some of the keynoted areas that people can enjoy when they visit Wales.
- Parkdean Resorts Ty Mawr
Parkdean Resorts Ty Mawr Holiday Park is an inviting convoy park set in the shoreline market town of Abergele in North Wales, close to Pensarn Beach. This is a tranquil and pretty stretch of sand and shingle where you can appreciate some conventional fried fish and French fries or frozen yogurt and watch the waves move in. This narrows has won various honors and makes for a charming family day out by the ocean.
- Haven Greenacres
This is extraordinary compared to other North Wales convoy parks, for the most part, because of its location near the Snowdonia National Park, close to Cardigan Bay – which obviously implies you are spoilt with regards to pleasant perspectives and open-air exercises. This hotel is an ideal procession park to remain for seven days in length strolling occasion, with miles and miles of timberlands and climbing trails to investigate inside a brief distance away. The recreation center is likewise canine agreeable, so your closest companion can come and appreciate everything with you.
- Haven Kiln Park
This is one of our #1 Wales occasion stops because of its fortunate area on the Pembrokeshire coast, and it's a phenomenal convenience decision. Here you can contribute up to your own RV, train, or tent – or you can book one of the recreation center's own vacation bands. Just a five-minute drive away is the beautiful walled shoreline town of Tenby with pastel-shaded houses and a pleasant sandy waterfront with agreeable perspectives across to the remaining parts of Tenby Castle and St Catherine's Island.
- Snowdonia National Park
Snowdonia was first built as a National Park back in 1951. The region is made extraordinary by its perfectly clear lakes, moving slopes, serene moorlands, falling cascades, and impressive palaces. Snowdonia is the most established of the three public parks in Wales and the third public park in the UK. It covers a space of 823 square miles, yet it contains huge public and private zones as opposed to most public parks.
- Pembrokeshire Coast National Park
First built in 1952, Pembrokeshire National Park is the single waterfront public park in the United Kingdom. Covering a 391-square-meter region, the National Park is described by its phenomenal sandy seashores and unmistakable moving green slopes. The excellence of Pembrokeshire Coast National Parks can be delighted in on strolls along the Pembrokeshire Coast Path. New perspectives can be valued from the ocean and get a boat from Fishguard or Saundersfoot on a reasonable endured day.
- Brecon Beacons National Park
Brecon Beacons National Park is one of the most famous national parks that stands still since 1957. Ridges' third public park of Wales is a mountain range in South Wales and covers 835 square miles. It comprises three particular regions, Black Mountain, The Black Mountains, and the Brecon Beacons. Numerous individuals cherish the National Park for its stunning upland developments and high pinnacles, reinforced by profound valleys, crude moorlands, lakes, caverns, and cascades which make certain to make any visit an extraordinary encounter.
- Barafundle Bay
- Marloes Sands
- Porth Oer
- Cefn Sidan
- Mwnt Beach
- Three Cliffs Bay
- North Beach
- Llanddwyn Beac
These are all the beaches that one can enjoy spending quality time in when they visit the region of Wales.
- Caerphilly Castle
- Llanyrafon Manor
- Blaenafon World Heritage Centre
- Llangadwaladr Church
- Tý Mawr Standing Stone
- Aberlleiniog Castle
- Llys Rhosyr
- Beaumaris Pier
- South Stack Lighthouse
- The Marquess of Anglesey’s Column
- Llynnon Mill
- Carreg Cennen Castle
- Dryslwyn Castle
These are a few of the key landmarks that people need to visit when traveling to Wales.
Museums in Wales are far and many. Welsh people are known for their rich culture and history. These people are very sensitive about their history. The large number of museums that are present in Wales is a showcase of all the things Wales has gone through over the years. These museums are spread all over the region, and people have been going to these museums for several years to gain knowledge as well as know more about Welsh culture. Here is the list of some of the top museums in Wales.
- National Slate Museum
- Electric Mountain
- Royal Welsh Fusiliers Museum
- Airworld Aviation Museum
- Welsh Highland Heritage Railway
- Porthmadog Maritime Museum
- Great Orme Copper Mines
- Home Front Museum
- Llandudno Museum
- Yr Ysgwrn
Food and eating habits are a big part of the Welsh culture. People in Wales love to eat food. These people are known for their innovative foods that are made in almost all local households. Tourists who visit Wales immediately fall in love with the food that they find in Wales.
Here is the list of some of the most famous dishes in Wales.
- Chicken Katsu
- Togelly farm lamb
- Lobster roll
- St. Louis spare ribs
- Pork belly Cubano
- Chicken bits kebab
- Crab linguine
- Chip butty
- North pole
This drinking society did somewhat produce a nonconformity as to the Welsh restraint development and the mission to get and keep up Sunday shutting of bars in Wales. Liquor utilization in Wales has risen particularly since a few years back, with numerous individuals drinking past the suggested rules. Over-utilization has shown itself both in the issue of hard-core boozing around there and downtown areas and in a pattern towards heavier drinking at home. In the last case, home drinking is by all accounts empowered by an arrangement of profound limiting of cocktails by significant basic food item retailers, with limits frequently subject to mass buys. Liquor has likewise gotten firmly connected to the boundless Welsh enthusiasm for the sport, with significant brewers trying to improve their Welsh image by partnering themselves with groups and occasions.
While tap water is extremely safe to drink in Wales, you will discover the water to be hard in some country parts, so it's great to boil it first. Rather than utilizing plastic jugs and getting them over and over, the most environmentally friendly alternative is to utilize tap water and utilize a refillable water bottle. It assists that with liberating drinking water is promptly accessible in Wales, and a large portion of the significant urban areas have drinking fountains. Some of them even contain shining water. Indeed, even in cafés, you will be presented with tap water, so that goes to show it's protected to drink. It's additionally completely satisfactory to drink water with your dinner on the off chance that you don't need wine.
The people of Wales live a very exciting life. People during their off days rather than sitting at home prefer going for a walk or spend time at the beach. There are a lot of activities that you as a tourist can partake in. It is common to see tourists going to the lake at Surf Snowdonia and exploiting the fun water activities available there. Tourists also seem to enjoy a nice long walk at the Worm’s Head. Another fun activity specially designed for kids that people enjoy in Wales is a trampoline inside a cave present in the Leichwedd Slate Caverns.
Being one of the major tourist spots in the United Kingdom has made its government recognize that these tourists need a place to stay in. Here in this section, we will talk about all the various options that one can get a hold of when they plan on visiting Wales.
- Bryn Elltyd Eco Guest Hotel
Set in Blaenau-Ffestiniog, 4.2 km from Zip World Slate Caverns, Bryn Elltyd Eco Guest House offers convenience with a common parlor, free private stopping, a nursery, and a patio. The visitor house has family rooms. All rooms at the guest house are present with a seating region, a level screen TV with satellite stations, and a private washroom with a hairdryer and a shower. The rooms will furnish tourists with a closet and a pot. This eco-accommodating, carbon-unbiased B&B controlled by sustainable power is close to a hydro lake located at the base of the Moelwyn mountains and near the Ffestiniog Steam Railway.
- Clayton Hotel Cardiff
With a classy bar and café, Clayton Hotel Cardiff offers current rooms with free WiFi. The lodging is neighboring Cardiff Central Rail Station, and the Principality Stadium is 300 m away. The cooled rooms at Clayton Hotel Cardiff have an extravagant washroom and a seating region. All rooms have a work area, level screen TV, and tea/espresso making offices are additionally given. The View Restaurant has a global menu and wine rundown, and breakfast, including the Clayton Vitality Breakfast, is served every day.
- Old Radnor Barn
Located inside the Brecon Beacons National Park, Old Radnor Barn offers free Wi-Fi all through and free nearby stopping. Going back 300 years, the Grade II recorded property is in the little market town of Talgarth. The elegantly outfitted rooms incorporate a TV with a DVD player, fridge, tea, and espresso, making offices with filtered water. The suite or private shower rooms have free toiletries and a hairdryer.
Hostels and Guest Houses
- Mrs. Potts Hostel
Mrs. Potts offers an inside and out extraordinary experience. The lodging can be found in a focal region, close to Cardiff Castle, a truly helpful area. The hostel has a peculiar, plain feel where the staff can't do what's necessary to help; once in a while, they even have heated treats to bring to the table on appearance. The rooms are all around planned, including unit-style beds, each with a security drapery, light, and charging point. Under the beds are huge storage spaces which will hold your whole bag pack.
- Nos Da
With regards to the best party inn in Cardiff, there was never some other thought than Nos Da. The enthusiastic bar first floor draws in the two local people and those remaining in lodging with groups playing at the ends of the week and an open mic late evening during the week. The lodging is all around situated close to the Stadium and is inside strolling distance of the fundamental train station. The rooms are essential however have all you require, and the staff are, for the most part, agreeable.
- Bunk House
Situated at the heart of the city, the nightlife close to home, Bunkhouse is an incredible lodging for solo explorers in Cardiff. The inn is in an old Victorian structure with vintage style and clean offices, including incredible showers. Anyway, the kitchen offering is very restricted. The staff will make a special effort to help you, and you'll discover both a bar and TV space to home base. A portion of the bigger apartments does appear to be jam stuffed however this has the advantage of making it simpler to meet individual voyagers.
The region of Wales can be very costly for some. If you are hoping to purchase an apartment around there, you need to check every one of the important requirements of the spot and solicitation at a sensible cost from the seller. Living in Wales could be stunning as you are furnished with every one of the fundamental administrations 24 hours per day. The Hotel Zone is the most costly spot to purchase a condo. You can discover houses in the Downtown Area of the city where you will get a satisfactory cost. You can discover a wide range of houses like a level, or a condominium, a suite, or a lodge, and so forth.
Couchsurfing includes mandatory association with others. These individuals are local people; they can direct your movement and educate you concerning pocket-accommodating travel. Now and again, Couchsurfing can turn out badly when the characters and perspectives of the host and the visitor don't adjust by any means. It is imperative to coexist with individuals and figure out how to change in the event that one designs to Couchsurf their way to their objective.
- Ynys Faig Farm
- Morphed at Brandy House Farm
- Dingles Glamping
- Lady Willington Camping and Caravan Site
- Woodland Rise Camping and Caravanning
These are the most famous camping sites that tourists and locals use in Wales.
Wales is a pretty big region. This region is divided into a lot of different territories and cities. This section solely dwells on this matter as we talk about the cities that one can find in Wales.
There are a large number of cities present in the region of Wales. Taking about all of them would talk up entirely a new blog. So let us look into some of the cities that are most famous.
In South Wales, Cardiff is the capital city of Wales. It holds major wearing and amusement occasions while holding an agreeable local area feel, and it is generally known as a smaller, lively and multicultural city. Where a public vehicle is the best way to get about, dissimilar to in some capital urban communities, it's not difficult to stroll around Cardiff. Inherent the nineteenth century by the draftsman William Burges, in the downtown area there is Cardiff Castle. It's a middle-age post with thick Roman dividers from an external perspective. With overlaid roofs, finished glass, wood carvings, and complex specifying, the rooms are lavishly improved inside. Behind the palace, there is Bute Park which is otherwise called the "green lungs" of the downtown area and the National Museum Cardiff.
Swansea is the second-biggest city in Wales. On the coast, the metropolitan college city in the south of the nation has a solid spotlight on the Welsh legacy. The city is referred to for send out just like Dylan Thomas (1914-53), who was a famous artist, and there is additionally a gallery committed to him. The Dylan Thomas Center and a Dylan Thomas Trail around the city are a portion of the tourist spots in his day-to-day existence and works. The Glynn Vivian Gallery of workmanship and the National Waterfront Museum of Welsh industry and advancement are different historical centers. Gower Peninsula, Britain's previously assigned Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, is the prettiest piece of Swansea. Lovely seashores, waterfront ways, and moving slopes are the gigantically pleasant space of this excellent city in Wales.
Toward the north of Cardiff, Newport is a city in South East Wales. This acclaimed city in Wales is known as the country's biggest coal sending out port, and it stays a modern region. Newport Transporter Bridge, one of just six working carrier spans on the planet, is apparently known as its most popular milestone of the city.
Bangor is perhaps the littlest city in the UK and the most seasoned city in Wales. Queen Elizabeth II was the one who gave it its city status in the year 1974; however, the church building site of the town traces all the way back to the sixth century. Close to the lovely waters of the Menai Strait, the city is arranged in Gwynedd in North West Wales. This entire city of Wales is a dock with shoreline engage, an emotional National Trust chateau called Penrhyn Castle, and Wales' longest High Street. Over a portion of the number of inhabitants in Bangor University understudies, the populace remains at almost more than 20,000. With graduated class including the creator, chief, and maker Danny Boyle and artist R S Thomas, the college positions profoundly for understudy fulfillment and educating quality. The acclaimed vocalists Aled Jones and Duffy and the Turner Prize-winning artist Richard Deacon were brought into the world in Bangor.
Getting There and Moving Around
Being one of the major regions in all of UK, there are a large number of transportation means that people can take to move in and out of the region of Wales as well as travel within the region. This section will deal solely with that aspect.
There are about 14 airports present in the region of Wales. These airports have all sorts of airplanes going through them, both international and national. Cardiff airport is the most well-known airport in Wales. It is also the busiest airport. This airport is situated south of the city and is the only international airport present in the entire region. The other 13 airports are responsible for the handling of domestic flights. You can choose any of these airports to travel to any other part of Wales.
There are, as of now, only two major bus services that are present which can take you from any other part of the United Kingdom to Wales. These are the National Express and Megabus. These two operators provide coach services. When it comes to traveling around Wales by bus, one can find a bus as one of the best options. There are plenty of bus service providers that operate 24*7, which can take you to any part of Wales.
Taking a train to enter the region of Wales is the most common means that one takes. There are plenty of railway lines and operators that will help you enter Wales. The different railway line is responsible for taking you different section of Wales, so choosing the right one is essential for you to reach the right destination.There are also plenty of railway lines that one can take to travel within Wales.
Hitchhiking is a very dangerous mode of travel. Yet some people can find it somewhat of an experience. Yes, one can ask for a list to reach the city of Wales, and the Welsh people will take them on. But the risk of getting mugged or any other bad thing happening still lies there.
Another way one can reach the city of Wales is by boat. This is another fine way, and people often take this means of traveling as it is an experience to get. Traveling across the clear blue water and entering the region through a majestic boat is an experience that tourists enjoy the most.
The region of Wales is a densely populated area. These people mostly rely on local products and items for their day-to-day needs. This means that these people go to the local food markets and shops for their necessities. The region is also filled with a lot of flea markets and second-hand stores. These stores are some of the finest places to look for if you are an enthusiast of finding antiques at a cheap rate.
In the region of Wales, individuals and the public authority are exceptionally occupied with getting sorted out climate control missions. Here, it is essential to think about their drives for reusing, which are many. To be sure, the residents toss their garbage items in the distinctive reusing trash cans in their networks. They are exceptionally thorough about this as well, tossing the correct things according to brown canisters, green lidded collective containers, and so on.
Waste management relies upon contamination, and the rate isn't too high or low in Wales. Being said so, there are still several safeguards and management techniques that are placed in the region for controlling waste. The government has presented a few plans, which are followed by individuals living here to control the measure of waste creation. You as a traveler need to likewise participate in such exercises and follow the rules of the public authority; this is an ideal approach to satisfy your obligation as a dependable tourist.
Work and Study Abroad
The government in Wales give extra priority when it comes to education and providing jobs to its citizen. The region is one of the best regions in the UK when it comes to receiving proper education and finding a suitable job after it.
- Swansea University
- Cardiff University
- Bangor University
These are the three major universities in all of Wales that are most famous for accepting a large number of exchange students from all over the world. Apart from these, there are also several other universities present that are suitable for people from abroad wishing to study in Wales.
AU Pair jobs are plenty when it comes to Wales. In different parts of the region, there are different kinds of job offerings and recruitments that provide lodging and food as one of its additional perks. These AU Pair jobs are one of the most common things to see in Wales.
- The Joseph Rowntree Foundation
- The Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD)
- The Trussell Trust
- Save the Children
- The Bevan Foundation
These are some of the biggest volunteering groups present in all of Wales.