Eco-friendly travel guide to Singapore advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to explore the attractions in a sustainable way and how to respect the local people and culture. Make your trip green by supporting locally owned hotels, organic restaurants and other businesses. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in Singapore, Asia.
- Air quality: 4.5 / 5
- Exploring by foot: 4 / 5
- Exploring by bicycle: 4.5 / 5
- Public transportation: 5 / 5
- Parks: 5 / 5
- Outdoor activities: 5 / 5
- Locals' English level: 4.5 / 5
- Safety: 5 / 5
- Accommodation: US$20 - $500
- Budget per day: US$40 - $500
- 1 Responsible Travel
- 2 Air Quality and Pollution
- 3 Respect the Culture
- 4 Top 10 Places to Visit
- 5 Explore
- 6 Eat
- 7 Drink
- 8 Activities
- 9 Accommodation
- 10 How to Get There
- 11 Moving Around
- 12 Sustainable Shopping
- 13 Recycling
- 14 Work and Study Abroad
- 15 See Also
Singapore is a popular but new Island country in South-east Asia that got its freedom after decades of struggle for independence from Malaysia. The government is the largest island country in South-east Asia and is the financial and cultural hub of the world. You will find that the locals are a mix of Chinese and Malaysian cultures because of the predominance. The locals consist of young men and women as the older generations preferred staying in Malaysia.
While visiting the country, you must identify and control your activities accordingly so that you don't cause any harm to the local communities or the environment.
- Try to opt for public transports and electronic vehicles like available buses, metro trains, trams, bikes, etc. These vehicles cause comparatively less harm to the environment and are also cost-efficient.
- Instead of opting for luxurious 5-star hotels and guesthouses, prefer the ones that follow eco-friendly measures like renewable resources, solar electricity, recyclable products, etc. By doing so, you can keep your carbon footprint minimal during your travel.
- Also, prefer buying and using services of local businesses and artists, rather than the international brands. If you want a proper exposure to the local culture, traditions, crafts, and people, then the local businesses will help you in fulfilling the needful.
Air Quality and Pollution
According to researches and surveys, it is found that air pollution in Singapore is mainly because of the transmission of harmful gases from vehicles and factories. The pollution index of Singapore stretches up to be 33.18. The World Health Organization stated that pollution in Singapore was found to be moderate. While air pollution is 34.11 per cent, water pollution is just 23.92, but noise and light pollution is another problem stretching as the highest at 49.82%.
- PM10 – 30
- PM2.5 – 18
- PM10 Pollution Level – Moderate
- Pollution Index – 33.17
- Pollution Exp Scale – 56.30
Respect the Culture
While visiting an Asian country such as Singapore where the people tend to have a conservative mind, and value their culture and traditions more than anyone, you have to be conscious about your actions. The sole reason for this conservativeness is because the people of Singapore have struggled for their freedom for a long time, and they persist in some societal problems. You need to understand them and try not to criticize or comment on them.
Top 10 Places to Visit
- Marina Bay Sands: It is on Bayfront Avenue in Singapore. Marina Bay Sands resort is a complex architecture which includes a mall with a canal running through it. It is a high-end luxury place that consists of the Marina Bay Sands Skypark Observation Deck and the ArtScience Museum. The Observation Deck is on the 57th floor is the vantage point for taking a look over the entire city. The Deck and the infinity pool are located on a ship at the top of the Hotel. Hotel guest can only use the Infinity pool, whereas anyone can visit Deck. Marina Bay Sands does amplify the status of Singapore in South East Asia with its style and its elegance.
- Gardens by the Bay: Gardens of the Bay is a Natural Park which is spread on an area of 101 hectare that is 250 acres in the centre of Singapore. The park has three Gardens namely Bay South Garden, Bay East Garden and the last one is Bay Central Garden. The largest among the three is the Bay South garden that is 54 hectares. A glass greenhouse known as flower dome which is the most extensive in the world is situated in Gardens of the Bay. The allocated budget of the construction of the park was 1.035 billion dollars. It was the most visited place in 2012. For the convenience of the tourist, the area is opened daily for 19 hours, that is from 5 a.m. to 2 a.m. One can also enjoy the beauty at night. If you love nature and a night lover even if not a night lover and you happen to visit Singapore, this is a must-visit place for you.
- Botanic Gardens: Botanic gardens of Singapore is as old as 161 years. UNESCO also honours it as a world heritage site. Botanic Garden of Singapore is also ranked as Asia's top park attraction since 2013. This garden came into existence in 1859. It is spread across an area of 82 hectares, and also it has donated its area as large as 135 hectares for environmental protection. It has a total of more than 10,000 species of plants with 1000 - 2000 hybrids of orchids. Just next to the orchid garden there is a Ginger Garden where you can see a beautiful waterfall and a restaurant called Halia restaurant. It is spread across one hectare. After visiting the Ginger Garden, you reach the Botany Centre in which you can see a library which is based on agriculture and horticulture with a workshop classroom. Next to the Ginger Garden, there is a Children Garden built, whose total cost is accounted for 7 million dollars. It was inaugurated on Children's Day and helps the children learn about photosynthesis. There is a mini garden as well that teaches how plants can be used to make dyes, beverages, and herbs. Other exciting places to visit are the tropical plants in the bank of the stream.
- Singapore Zoo: It is among the world's best rainforests. Another thing which makes it famous is its 'open concept'. Singapore Zoo is home to around 2400 animals of 300 species, and out of these species, 34% are endangered ones. The zoo is also famous for its unique breeding and research programmes. There are approximately 1.9 million visitors every year, making it one of the most visited places in Singapore. Also, there are many other exciting things like a play area for kids and jungle safari, which can also be enjoyed at night. There is a particular area known as keepers chit-chat where one can talk about animals to their keepers and also make notes about them. Animal shows are also organized here.
Moreover, one of the best thing which everyone likes about this zoo is animal adoption. One can adopt an animal here, and the zoo will take care of it on behalf of the owner. So, if you love animals or nature, then this is one of the best places for you to visit in Singapore.
- Orchard Road: Orchard Road is located in the Central Area of Singapore. It is a 2.5 kilometres long road and is a famous tourist attraction as it is an upscale shopping Arena of Singapore. It has numerous internationally renowned restaurants, Coffee-houses and Department stores. It has a planning area specifically for the Urban Development Authority. Orchard Road got its name in the 19th century as the plantation of pepper, nutmeg and fruit orchards, which led to the building of the road.
- Singapore Flyer: Singapore Flyer is the world's second-largest observational wheel after the High Roller in Lag Vegas. It sits at 30 Raffles Ave in Singapore and is a famous tourist spot in Singapore. The Singapore Flyer opened in 2008, after completion of a long construction period of 20 years. It was officially opened on 15th April same year in 2008 and had an overall height of 165 meters. It consists of 28 air-conditioned capsules with an overall capacity of 785. The best time to visit the Ferris wheel is at dusk as you can witness the skyline illuminate.
- Raffles Hotel Singapore: It is one of the largest 19th-century Hotel, which was once visited by significant literature experts such as Joseph Conrad and Rudyard Kipling. Apart from these, Charlie Chaplin has also stayed at the Hotel. It was named after Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the founder of Colonial-era Singapore. It was established by Sarkies Brothers, the Armenian Hostilers in 1887. It sits in the Citys colonial District which is also home to several historic sites.
- Chinatown: Chinatown is located in the Outram district in the Central area of Singapore. It is named Chinatown because of the large number of ethnic Chinese immigrants population residing here. A large part of Chinatown is now considered as the National Heritage sites by the Urban Redevelopment Authority.
- Sentosa Island: It is located off Singapore's the southern coast, and a channel separates it from the main island. It has a total area of about 4.71 km square. It was a former British Military Camp, but later became the Japanese Prisoner of War Camp. Now it is home to many popular resorts which attract about 20 million tourists every year. It also holds various tourist destinations such as Merlion, that has the head of a lion and the body of a fish. You can even take the escalator and go up to the top and can see the panoramic view across the surrounding area on the island. Here you can also enrol into flying trapeze, Sea Breeze Water-Sports, and Wave House where you can try water-propelled jetpack.
- Clarke Quay: It used to be the centre of commerce in the 19th century and still has its living legacy as the busiest hub. It was named after Andrew Clarke, Singapore's second Governor and Governor of the Straits Settlements from 1873 to 1875. It is within the Singapore River Planning Area, and you will find restored warehouses as well as restaurants and nightclubs here. It is a famous spot among young tourists as a place for adrenaline-packed thrill rides.
Singapore has a lot to offer apart from all the historical and cultural sites. The various parks, naturals reserves, museums, beaches, and so much more that will help you create a memorable and fantastic trip to the best Island country in South-east Asia.
- Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park: It is a well-known park among the residents of the Bishan and Ang Mo Kio neighbourhoods. Since it is located within the said neighbourhood, it is rarely visited by tourists. Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park gives you plenty of amenities, including a promenade along a crooked river, a cycling track, lawn spaces that you can book in advance in addition to spas, and several high-profile restaurants. The whole park covers an area of 62 hectares, i.e. 166 acres of land, giving immense opportunities for visitors to spend their time in this beautifully built park.
- Lower Seletar Reservoir Park: Clear waters and meandering boardwalks are the essential features of Lower Seletar Reservoir Park - with its calm, serene and beautiful atmosphere. This boardwalk makes the park more popular among joggers and friends or couples. For visitors, there are many facilities at Rower's Bay to rent adventurous dragon-shaped boats, kayaks, or even a cruise.
- Chinese and Japanese Gardens: A few minutes’ walk from the city, there lies this Chinese and Japanese Gardens, well known for its white bridge inspired by a similar one at the Summer Palace in Beijing, connects the gardens. The park also features the Live Turtle and Tortoise Museum, where tourists can see and feed the reptiles. This entire park lies upon two islands located on Jurong Lake and is most visited by tourists and local citizens as well. This park has impressive architecture and various spots where you can have picnics or a day out with your loved ones.
- Pasir Ris Park: Due to its distant location and no nearby landmarks, this park is not much known to tourists, but it is quite popular among the local people of Singapore. This city park is a favourite place for Central Business District-Dwellers looking to escape the crowds of the city centre for quite some hours. This park provides ample facilities for riding bicycles, canoeing, barbecuing, and even pony rides, hence making it the best place to hang out and spend some quality time apart from the busy, hectic life of the city.
- East Coast Park: Spread over 185 hectares of reclaimed waterfront land, it is Singapore's largest park. People can explore this park by cycling or skating via the skating lane through the 15-kilometre coastline of this park. You can also rent bicycles from various bicycle rental shops throughout the park, usually located near car parking or food stalls. It also offers barbeque pit rentals, hence making East Coast Park very popular among local citizens and tourists. Several restaurants and food stalls are even there, providing you with the best snacks while you enjoy the lovely sea breeze.
- Fort Canning Park: It is situated on a hillside in the middle of the city. The park is historically the most significant one in Singapore because of its beautiful location and elevation. It is ideal for people that want to enjoy the beauty of nature. Fort Canning Park is very popular among runners and cyclers as well as a relaxing place with great photography spots. If you're visiting this park at festivals or during summers, you might also become a part of its amazing festive vibes and even get discounted coupons for concerts conducted in here.
- MacRitchie Reservoir Park: Being located around Singapore's largest Reservoir, this park is perfect for nature lovers. It also offers extensive hiking trails, including the Tree Top Walk, which is an 800-foot-long suspension bridge that brings hikers over the forest canopy. This park has several facilities for kayaks and canoes. Besides hiking, there's also a beautiful boardwalk where visitors have a peaceful walk amid the beautiful arena of MacRitchie Reservoir Park. Since it is located within an existing wildlife forest, you might also spot several animals like monitor lizards, monkeys, and even flying lemurs.
- Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve: Located at the banks of the Buloh River, this national park is a Heritage Park at Kranji Way in Northern Singapore, boasting stunning diversity of flora and fauna spread across a 202-hectare wetland and mangrove ecosystem. It houses more than 230 bird species, including common greenshank, whimbrel, common redshank, Pacific golden plover, Chinese egrets, spotted eagles, etc. You will find that many significant migratory birds that arrive in September make it a birdwatching hotspot for bird lovers and researchers. Thousands of different kinds of floras and faunas (crocodiles, mudskippers, spiders, moths, monitor lizards, etc.) are also a part of this reserve, making it a great place to learn about the bounty and conservation of nature and wildlife.
- Bukit Timah Nature Reserve: Being one of the two ASEAN Heritage Parks in Singapore, this nature reserve is home to around 40% of the native flora and flora of Singapore. It is spread over 400-acre of natural habitat and is considered one of the largest remaining rainforests of the country. Along with the oldest trees in Singapore, this reserve also houses 18 species of Dipterocarps, the tallest hardwood trees of the rainforest. In this ecosystem, there are about 800 species of flowering plants and over 500 species of animals. One can also partake in activities such as mountain biking, hiking, and nature camps are also organized for children to help them understand and appreciate the natural heritage of Singapore.
- Palawan Beach: Palawan Beach is the best choice for people who love swimming and lazy lounging, located in the centre of Sentosa. This beach has an eye-pleasing atmosphere all around the park with swaying palm trees, expanses of blue-green water, shimmering white sand, and lively beach bars, making it the best place to hang out for get-togethers. Also, a fun zone, Port of Lost Wonder is made for children and adults alike, themed on the pirate world. Many adventurous and fun activities are organized here to make full use of the beach. The place is complete with a few wooden beam towers, a rope bridge, a pirate ship, and numerous treasure boxes. Several souvenir shops and restaurants are also there to fulfil your needs and hunger.
- Siloso Beach: Always buzzing with activities, this beach is one of the most popular beaches in Singapore. The excellent eateries and beach shacks make Siloso the perfect location for dancing, partying, playing volleyball, canoeing, and horse riding around the beach. Several pavilions, beachfront hotels, beach tram, little shops, and walkways are some of the facilities available to the public.
- Tanjong Beach: It is hidden on the south coast of Sentosa and is blessed with a beautiful crescent-shaped beachline, tropical palm trees, glittering white sand, and shallow warm water, Tanjong Beach is the best-rated beach all over Singapore. Here, Tanjong Beach Club organizes night beach parties every fortnight in addition to many rock concerts and private parties make this place the ultimate party destination. It is the most famous beach in Singapore, and people come here for relaxing, clubbing, and spending their beautiful evenings and creating lots of memories.
- Changi Beach: Being the best beach in Singapore, Changi Beach is located on the east coast of the country, very popular with families, leisure lovers, fitness freaks, and people flock here to either jog on the mystic trails of Changi Beach Park or lounge around the beach. This beach is best suited for swimmers and parasailers. Plane spotting is said to be the highlight of this Singaporean beach, people from all over the country come here to watch low flying planes, preparing to land at the nearby airport. Park benches, camping, paved walking trail, beach barbeques, kid’s playground, shelters, and cycling trails are some facilities provided to the public. The best time to visit this beautiful beach is from January to March.
- Punggol Beach: Hidden in the equally unexplored Punggol Point, this spot is among the most popular beach in Sentosa Island, Singapore. Most people do not visit this beach as it is connected to the central city by MRT shuttle and bus bay, yet the prime beauty calmness of the place proves to be a perfect destination for couples and peace seekers. There are various Islands near this place which makes it more fun-filled. Also, the fine sand expanse is flustered by the huge boulders of rocks, making it a joyous sight at dusk and dawn. Walking trails, eateries, and a jetty station are some facilities available on this beach.
- Kusu Island: Kusu Island is also among those beaches that are not much known to the public, but it is Singapore's best beach that has plenty of fun related stuff to offer. Situated off the coast of Singapore, this beach in Kusu Island is among the quiet beaches tour in Singapore, housing a sanctuary that is home to hundreds of turtles. Natural beauty surrounds every part of this beach in the form of a colourful sky, clear waters, lush green trees, and white sand. In addition to this, Kusu Island also offers many facilities, including cabanas, eateries, beach shelters, and paved paths, making this place a perfect destination to spend your holiday.
- Pulau Ubin: Pulau Ubin gives you a peaceful and serene aroma all over the place along with the pleasures of a simple village-like atmosphere by welcoming people who look for peace and tranquillity. Tourists find this place an excellent destination to spend their holiday as Pulau Ubin Island has secluded beaches, and its architecture is impressive. Also, the lush plantations all around the place seem to hold the interest of tourists. There are several restaurants and food stall vendors where you can enjoy the taste of authentic local delicacies prepared from fresh fish and octopus, making it a perfect dish to have amid the beauty of this island.
- CHIJMES: Once CHIJMES used to be a Catholic Convent School in the 1800s, but now it is home to an array of shops, restaurants, and bars. This compound houses several buildings of varying architectural styles such as a dormitory, an orphanage, and a Gothic Chapel. Since the complex's redevelopment, CHIJMES is well known for its dining facilities and nightlife enclaves in addition to various souvenirs shops and small vendors from where you can buy some pieces of formal and traditional art as a part of your trip to Singapore.
- Esplanade – Theatres on the Bay: The iconic 60,000-square-metre Performing Art centre is dubbed as "The Durian" by Singaporeans due to its spiky architectural exterior design. It is the oldest park in Singapore, having been in the works since the 1970s, the Esplanade was set up as a hub where locals can engage, and be inspired by the traditional arts and culture scenes. It was opened in 2002, revolutionizing the Arts and Culture in Singapore, and converted into a bustling hub for dining, entertainment, and for shoppers as well. From free shows held by the bay - a range of performances all year round, to yearly festivals such as Baybeats, Huayi – Chinese Festival of Arts, dance festival and many more, this venue gives you lots of memories and knowledge about the Singaporean Culture.
- Merlion Park: Being Singapore's most majestic icon, the Merlion is a mythical creature that's half-lion and half-fish, combining two elements of Singapore's identity – its lion head is the symbol of Singapura ("lion city" in Sanskrit). At the same time, its body symbolizes the fishing villages of Singapore's past. Lim Nang, a local craftsman, built this monument which was unveiled on 15th September 1972, by then Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. It was earlier positioned at the mouth of the Singapore River but later moved to the present spot.
- Old Parliament house: Being the oldest surviving colonial structure in Singapore, this landmark is known as The Arts House. G.D. Coleman, an architect, designed this building in 1826 as a neo-Palladian Residence. In 1992 it was made the former Parliament House – a national monument in the history of Singapore, and finally, it was converted into the Arts House in 2003 – which has been a guiding principle for the Arts in Singapore since.
- The Istana: The Istana, meaning ‘palace’ in Malay is currently the official residence and office of Singapore’s President, where he receives and entertains state guests, and is also home to the Prime Minister’s office. Earlier this place was used to be a nutmeg plantation – a sanctuary of various floras and faunas amidst the hustle-bustle of the city. If you want to visit this place, you have to book in advance as it is open to the public only on selected days each year.
- The Fullerton Hotel Singapore: A luxurious five-star hotel, the Fullerton Hotel of Singapore is well known for its stately seat overlooking the Singaporean River. This Hotel was initially built as a fort in 1829, later became home to the country's General Post Office in 1928. It consists of 400-luxurious rooms that speak to its rich history, imposing a Neo-classical façade and elegantly sky-lit atrium at the centre of the building.
- National Gallery of Singapore: The main attractions of the National Gallery are the two national monuments attached to this gallery – the former Supreme Court and City Hall, which is now the home of Singapore's largest museum. Being centrally located in the heart of the civic district, both the buildings have borne witness to many of Singapore's historical milestones. It houses a vast collection of artwork within its rich halls. You can visit the National Gallery Museum between 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. (Mon-Thurs), and 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. (Fri-Sat).
- Singapore Science Centre: This Science Centre is famous among school groups and families as it hosts over 1,000 interactive science exhibits that spread over almost 14 galleries making it a fun and educational way to entertain children for an entire day. This centre is home to the Omni-Theatre, which is Singapore's only domed IMAX theatre that makes nature documentaries a somewhat surreal experience. You can also visit the Snow City, the only place in Singapore where you can enjoy the snow in sub-zero temperatures.
- Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum: This Natural History Museum houses an impressive collection of flora and fauna from around the Southeast Asian region dating back to the late 1800s. The building of this museum is in the shape of a rock-like façade covered with plants and herbs that are typically found on Singapore's coastal cliffs. The museum is home to three towering diplodocid sauropod dinosaur skeletons in its central atrium named 'Prince', 'Apollonia', and 'Twinky' as well as 'Jubilee' – a structure of a sperm whale.
- Peranankan Museum: The main spotlight of the Peranankan Museum is the hybrid culture that is unique to Singapore and the Malayan region. This culture is the result of the intermarrying of indigenous Malay communities, which are also widely famous for their delicious cuisine and immigrant Chinese traders hundreds of years ago. It houses one of the best collections of Peranankan artefacts in the world. Through interactive multimedia exhibits, visitors can also learn about the culture's unique practices and see stories of prominent Peranankans in Singapore's history.
- National Design Centre: National Design Centre is famous among design lovers. Located in the Bras Basah-Bugis arts and culture district, it exhibits 50 years old Singaporean design, a quick history lesson on the evolution of Singaporean's system. This art centre is housed in the former St. Anthony's convent, having retained most of the exterior as art deco while transforming the interior into a space that sees a rotating lineup of events promoting Singapore's design scene. It also has a lifestyle boutique from where you can find a curated range of fashion and household accessories from local, regional designers to modern ones.
If you want to get the full experience of Singapore’s culture, then you have to indulge in the food and drink culture. The unique and regional food items will not only make your taste buds dance, but enlighten you with the fantastic Singaporean culture, people, traditions, and livelihood.
Traditional Local Restaurants
- Cloudstreet: Blessed with the most beautiful ambience, Cloudstreet restaurant has the most exotic interior in the whole city. Customers have plenty of dining options along with various other platers serving you the best of Singaporean cuisine. This restaurant is famous among the local citizen of Singapore as Cloudstreet focuses more on the main dishes liked by customers. Hence their preferences are much appreciated and valued, making it a staff-friendly restaurant. They also prepare dishes according to customers' needs and tastes which is highly appreciated by many people.
- Avenue 87: Avenue 87 is the best choice if you want to have a perfect dinner with friends or families. A sambal Octopus course or belly-warming fish soup fused up with homemade anchovy buttermilk sauce is a must-try dish for virgin customers or for those who enjoy traditional Singaporean cuisine fused with intercontinental cuisines. It is one of the most-visited conventional restaurants in the city. Customers are allowed to come here between 2 p.m. to 10 p.m. (Mon-Sat).
- Mott 32: It's progressive intercontinental plater and stunning interior, people, find Mott 32 an excellent place to enjoy Singaporean cuisine. The whole restaurant is decorated by a famous architect, Joyce Wang, with green and botanical motifs that pay homage to Singapore’s reputation as a garden city. Some best-served dishes here are soft-boiled quail egg and plump Siew Mai stuffed with Iberico pork, and buns come stuffed with cubes of Peking duck. The iconic applewood roasted duck that's cured and marinated for over two days is a must-order dish if you are visiting Mott 32.
- Kin: The Kin restaurant focuses more on traditional local recipes that might fade from the customer's tastes and preferences. Located in the lobby of Straits Clan, this restaurant serves you with the best of its delicacies. If you are new to Kin, you must try the Heritage Salsa, a tart salad, which combines local herbs and fruits like pineapple, green mango, wimped bean, and torch ginger. You can visit this restaurant between 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. (Mon-Sun). This restaurant follows the traditional Singaporean cuisine, which makes it more authentic and best rated among the other restaurants in Singapore.
Vegetarian and Vegan
- Elemen: The best thing about Elemen is that it looks to the culinary realms of the East and West coastline to breathe new life into bland vegetarian dishes. The restaurant's intercontinental menu offers people with a variety of vegan foods such as mushroom-stuffed purple rice rolls, double-boiled Maca soup, and blue flower tofu with black truffle wild rice. The restaurant offers many other delightful delicacies and is most popular among Singapore citizens for its best-served food and desserts as well.
- Vege Pot: Vege Pot is a small restaurant, mainly known for its home-cooked, plant-based dishes. Some highly recommended dishes include monkey head mushrooms along with homemade kimchi, served with rice and a sesame-ginger soup, and homemade ‘unagi’ are liked by most. This vegetarian restaurant is centrally located within the city hence make it a perfect destination for people to explore in varieties of dishes specially made from mushrooms.
- Whole Earth: Whole Earth restaurant in Singapore is the best place to go to if you want to have a perfect and delicious fusion of Thai and Peranankan vegetarian dishes. Its refreshed interior sports emerald green walls with more seats and a better ventilation system that make it the best choice for diners to spend their time here along with the tasty delicacies of this restaurant. Nonya Curry served with minced mushrooms is the best dish served by this restaurant. In contrast, other highly rated food items are crispy handmade yam rings stuffed with capsicum, cashew nuts, and king abalone mushrooms, celery, etc.
- The Living Café: The menu here is primarily made up of vegetable-forward dishes, making The Living Café one of the most visited cafés in the city. This café also provides retail space on the second floor stocked with more healthy eating essentials. Some of the best-served dishes include zucchini pesto pasta and taco boats packed with guacamole, mango salsa, burgers, and pizzas, etc.
- Ananda Bhawan: This restaurant was established in 1924 and is the city's oldest restaurant. People come here to enjoy the delicious Indian cuisine including the Prata ($4.50/two person) and the onion Rava masala thosai ($5): potato curry wrapped in a crispy shell of the fermented pancake studded with onions. The restaurant has many outlets all over the world, making it the most known vegetarian restaurant in the country.
- Hainanese chicken rice: It is a famous dish in Singapore, which is served with chilly sauce and a cucumber garnish. It is also considered as the national food of Singapore, as it is associated with Singapore's cuisines. It was made by Chinese immigrants who were from Hainan and is based on a Hainanese dish called Wenchang chicken. It is made up of steamed chicken with rice cooked in chicken strew.
- Chilli crab: It is another popular street food item and is one of the national food items of Singapore which also has been promoted by the Singapore Tourism Board. It can be found in various seafood restaurants throughout Singapore. Traditionally, it was eaten with bare hands with sweet and spicy sauce. The dish consists of hard crab cooked with semi-thick gravy which is made up of a tomato-chilli base, which gives it a tangy-spicy taste.
- Laksa: It comes under a variety of spicy noodle, which is served in Singapore. This rice noodle dish is served along with coconut curry sauce. It consists of rice noodles or wheat noodles with bean sprouts, prawn or fish cake, chicken, served in spicy soup based on either rich and spicy curry coconut milk.
- Sambal stingray: Sambal Stingray is also known by various names such as Barbecued Stingray, Spicy Banana Leaf Stingray, and Ikan Bakar by the locals. It is the typical seafood of Singapore which is prepared by barbecuing stingray and is served with sambal paste on top. It is most common and can be purchased from the local hawkers. As it is comfort food and relatively cheap, it was not popular, but with the enhancement of the flavour and taste, it marked up the price of this dish.
- Fish head curry: It is a delicacy among the Singaporean Indian community, and you will find that it is quite famous in Singapore. Its variants are also served by Chinese eateries to draw the attention of tourists to try their versions. The actual Singapore version of the dish is a fusion of two culinary arts of Indian and Chinese origin. The food item consists of a head of red snapper fish curry along with veggies such as eggplant and okra.
- Satay: Satay is one of the favourite cuisines of Southeast Asia and is known by different names by locals. It can be found on street vendor shops and in big restaurants, with their ultimate blend of taste. It consists of grilled chicken, pork, meat, steak or could be any meat which is available to the food vendors.
- Kopi-O: It is a traditional coffee version popular in Singapore and has very high caffeine content. The coffee is also served with condensed milk and sugar. It is a standard black coffee that you can find anywhere in the local street stalls in Singapore. It is high in caffeine content that keeps you active for hours and has sturdy flavour.
- Teh Tarik: It is a type of tea served in Singapore, and it is often called by the name of "Indian Teh Tarik". It is made up of tea liquor and milk. It is a hot liquid that has some medicinal relief if you are suffering from common cough and cold, as it has supplementary ginger added to it.
- Milo Dinosaur: This malt drink is to treat the child in you or to your children if you are travelling with them. It is counted amongst the popular beverages of Singapore as both children and adults enjoy it. It is typically a frozen dessert that is made up of chocolate-flavoured milo mazes with cold milk.
- Bandung: It is milk with rose syrup and is pretty standard in Singapore's streets and restaurants as well. It helps to refresh the mind on a sunny day. It has a sweet-rosy flavour and is pink in colour, which makes it soothing to the eyes. It had high nutritional and medicinal properties as well. It is also the most liked Asia Drink and is served in many parts of Asia.
- Bubble Tea: It was originated from Taiwan and is now the most common drink in Singapore. It is popular among teenagers as it looks as decent as it tastes. It is served in both hot and cold forms. It is made up of frozen chewy tapioca balls ("boba" or "pearls") or a wide range of other toppings along with milk and then slushing it inside a blender resulting in it into a slushy consistency.
- Sugarcane Juice: This typical juice is available all over the world and is common around in Singapore as well. But the speciality of sugarcane juice in Singapore is that it produces several varieties of sugarcanes which make the difference in the flavour.
- Chin Chow Drink: This drink is trendy during the summer seasons and is considered an integral part of the drinking culture of the country. It is a refreshing glass of Grass Jelly drink, which is made up of grass jelly or Chin Chow mixed with water, cold milk or fruit crush, and syrup. It looks exotic and tastes good. This drink plays a vital role as it guards us against sunstrokes, and it provides energy to our body during travelling.
Surprisingly you get to know that you can drink the tap water of Singapore. The water here is safe and meets the guidelines issued by the World Health Organization for the quality of drinking water. There won't be any need to boil the water before its consumption. Singapore government is severe regarding the quality of tap water; they are annually conducting around 400,000 quality tests on the water supplied to residents. However, there are chances of drought due to excessive use of water. As a tourist, it is your responsibility not to waste the water in any way as much as possible.
Singapore is dependent on four primary sources for the supply of water. First is the imported water from Malaysia, which consists of 40% of Singapore's water. In 1962 these two countries had signed a written agreement in which it was stated that Malaysia would fulfil 40% of the Singapore water's demands till 2061. The second water sources are the reservoirs, Singapore has 17 of them. It used to store water from rain as Singapore experience plenty of rainfall, which is calculated, comes to an average of 167 days out of 365 days. This method is beneficial for farmers as they require a high amount of water for irrigation and other domestic use. Third, is the recycled water- this technique is also known as reclaim water. It is a process that involves the conversion of wastewater into water that can be reused for many purposes, like for watering of plants and agricultural fields.
Singapore is an island covered with sea and experiences plenty of seawater. Due to the high amount of salt in seawater, which makes it unfit to drink. Therefore the desalination process is used to reduce the amount of salt present in the water, which will make it fit for drinking and other use.
Organic food is best for health as they do not have any artificial nutrition or polishing in them. Organic cafes are the cafes in which organic food which is sourced locally is served. Singapore has many organic cafes and restaurants. Organic food items are quite famous among the locals on the island for their unique style of presenting and mindblowing tastes.
- Afterglow cafe
- Kitchen by Food Rebel
- Real Food
- The Living Cafe
- Vegan Burg
- Mother Dough
- Little Farms
- My Awesome Cafe
Singapore has its breweries that produce authentic Singaporean beers and liquors. Other than breweries, microbreweries are also present in Singapore. A brewery is a production unit where beers and other alcoholic beverages are produced. There are two types of breweries; commercial breweries and local breweries. The main difference between the two types of breweries is their area of serving.
- Malayalam Breweries
- Archipelago Breweries
- Red Dot Brewhouse
- LeVell33 Breweries
- Adstra Gold Microbrewery
- Little Island brewing company
- Carlsberg Singapore
- On Tap Breweries
Being a tourist, you must be filled with energy to visit a new country. Depending on the nature of your preference, you can indulge in many unique and adrenaline-filled sports and tours. Singapore is a hub for every kind of activity related to sports, sky adventure, discovery, or learning nature.
- Ride the Singapore flyer: Singapore Flyer is located at downtown core Singapore and is a giant Ferris Wheel. It was opened in 2008 and took two and a half years to be completed. The total cost was 240 million dollars, and the diameter of the wheel is 150 meters. It has 28 capsules with a full seating capacity of 784 people. One complete rotation of the Singapore Flyer takes approximately 30 minutes. The ticket for an adult comes at 33 dollars, a person above 60 years old has to give 24 dollars, and for a child from 3 to 12 years, it is 21 dollars. You can get 10% off if you buy tickets online. You can also book a whole capsule at $2,000 for having a romantic dinner with your partner and enjoying with various other facilities available like two rotations will be given, a bottle of premium champagne, two photos with leatherette folder, a parking coupon, priority boarding, vegetarian/Chinese or western menu as per choice. You can also host a group party in this capsule with the same cuisines. The change will be that there will be a house wine of your choice instead of champagne and two parking coupons instead of one.
- Spend some time at marina bay sands: The marina bay sands is a resort fronting towards Maria bay of Singapore. It was opened in 2010 and had the world's most expensive standalone casino costing at 8 billion Singapore dollars, including the land cost. This resort has 2,561 hotels, a convention of 120,000 square meters. It consists of a mall museum, a large theatre, a restaurant, two floating crystal pavilions art and science exhibition, and the world's largest casino composed of 500 tables and 1,600 machines. It has a top-up of 340 meters long Skypark capacity of containing 3,902 people at a time. The resort and sky park officially opened on 23rd and 24th of June in 2010, being a part of a two-day celebration, with its casino opening on 27th April in the same year.
- Visit Gardens by the bay: It is a nature park spread around 101 hectares for nature lovers and was built on 29th June 2012. This big garden is opened daily and gets 50 million visitors annually. It is one of the most popular attractions in Singapore. This garden is divided into three different gardens named Bay Central Garden, Bay East Garden, and Bay South Garden. The Central park joins the East garden with the South garden. The garden stretches across 15 hectares and allows the visitors to get a scenic view while walking. Second is the east garden that spreads across an area of 32 hectares. Phase one of the park was opened in October 2011. Here visitors can get a view of the city skyline. Coming to the third garden that is the South garden, which was opened on 29th June 2012, for the public, is the largest of the three parks with 54 hectares of coverage. This garden was designed to show tropical horticulture and garden artistry.
- A cable car ride to Sentosa Island: This island is located on the southern coast of Singapore's main island. A channel of water separates it from the main island. First, it was used as a British military base camp, and later it was captured by Japanese. It was created as a prisoner of war camp. The total area of this island is 4.71-kilometre square. It has a northeast line and circle line connected as rail services. This island experiences 20 million visitors annually because of its beach stretching 2 kilometres. The best way to get here is by using a cable car. The car will give you a scenic view of the whole island. It has many tourist attractions like royal albatross, which is a 47 meters tall luxury ship that sits behind the sea aquarium at the resort. The ship's speciality is that it has four masts, 22 sales, and is the largest charter yacht in Singapore with a carrying capacity of 149 passengers. Tall Ship Adventures Pvt Ltd owns it. The next attraction is the butterfly and the Insect Kingdom that is a garden that has over 15,000 live butterflies belonging to 50 different species. The height of these butterflies recorded is from 25 millimetres to 150 millimetres. Other than the butterflies, the Insect Kingdom also houses a 160-millimetre beetle. The Sentosa 4D Adventureland is Southeast Asia's first four-dimensional theatre, opened in January with a cost of 3.5 million.
- Indoor skydiving: For adventure lovers, Singapore is one of the adventurous places they would prefer to go. It is the world's first indoor theme skydiving with a tunnel of the height of 56.5 feet and a diameter of 16.5 feet. It is a safe, comfortable, and realistic skydiving experience ever. It can carry 20 professional fliers at a single time. They considered safety as their number one priority. Last year the company flew 1,262,725 customers with only 287 injuries reported, which, when calculated, turned out to be 0.023%. Even a child of 7 years can participate in the skydiving activity.
- Freefall adventure: Freefall looks similar to New age bungee jumping, but the slight difference in both is that in freefall, your body never gets a jerk or a base at regular interval. Freefall is not as harrowing as everyone thinks it to be. It is just flying to an altitude jumping and then floating under a parachute. The speed of free falling is approximately 120 miles per hour. However, this will differ depending on the weight of the body. In Singapore, you can enjoy the thrilling experience at the cost of 12 Singapore dollar. You can enjoy this at para jump Sentosa. This place allows you to experience the same feeling as you will get while free falling. Here you have to dive from 50 feet. The danger is lessened as your back will be equipped with custom made harness and safety wires, which are imported from the United Kingdom. For facilitating the tourist, this place is opened all seven days of a week. Though the timings are different from Monday to Friday, it is open from 2 p.m. to 7 p.m., whereas on Saturday Sunday and public holidays, this place operates from 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Yoga and Retreats
Yoga is a kind of meditation through which you can energize your inner body. You can find peace with yoga. It is believed that different types of yoga postures represent different kinds of elements of life, including inner peace, enrichment of soul, etc. In Singapore, you will find many yoga centres with experienced and professional instructors.
- Yoga seeds
- Yoga Kripa
- Om Shiv Yoga
- Himalayan Centre for yoga and meditation
- Yoga Vihar
Singapore is a large island where you can find every kind of accommodation options from low to high budget. As a responsible human being, you must choose the best for yourself and nature.
- Siloso beach resort
- JW Marriott Hotel Singapore
- Marina bay sands
- Oasia hotel downtown Singapore
Hostels and Guest Houses
- Lloyd's Inn
- Hostels & Guest House
- Capsule Pod @ Aljunied
- The Bohemian
- Space Pod @ SG
- The Hive Singapore hostel
- Red doorz
- K2 Guest House
- The Guest House
- Heritage Walk-up Apartments
- Villa Central Serviced Apartment
- Alocasia Apartments
- Lucky Plaza Apartments
- Astoria Apartments
Couch surfing is possible in Singapore. Many people are friendly and in search of new friends. You just have to find such Couchsurfing hosts on the website before visiting the country. You can befriend them, and they will help you learn many things about the country while letting you stay at their house.
- West Coast campsite
- East Coast campsite
- Fort Canning park
- Sarimbon Scout camp
- Endut Senin Campsite
How to Get There
You can reach Singapore directly by plane, but there are other indirect transport means, which are equally efficient in helping you get to the island without much discomfort or time waste.
Singapore has two primary international airports that connect the island to the world. The first airport is the Changi Airport, which is owned by the government of Singapore. The Singapore air force operates it daily. It first became operational on 1st July 1981 and was made official as an international airport in Singapore on 29th December 1981. It gives access to many cities like Japan, Malaysia, Australia, etc. The elevation of this airport is 22 feet and has a total of 4 terminals, which became operational on different dates. The first terminal launched in 1981 following the second terminal in the next year that is 1990. The airport's Terminal 3 is located at the Western side and was officially opened on 25th July 2008. It took nine years to make use of the 4th terminal. Singapore's government has even planned its terminal 5, which is expected to be ready in the mid of 2030. This airport has a shopping complex. It has rain vortex inside the jewel area connecting terminal 2 and 3.
The second main international airport is Seletar Airport. This air force was first to open in 1928 as a military airfield base of the British air force. It was returned to the Singapore government in 1971 and currently serves the northeast region of Singapore. Its elevation is 36 feet. It is at present a common aviation airdrome mainly created for chartered flights, private aircraft, and training purposes. It is a 24 hours running airport consisting of a single runway with 27 aircraft standing, which was later extended to 1840 in 2011 to enable broader and heavier aircraft. In 1998 according to the stats, this airport received 7,945 scheduled flights and handled 23,919 passengers with 6,025 tons of cargo.
You can reach Singapore by bus only if you are in Malaysia. There are two causeways through which you can get to Singapore by bus. It will nearly take about 5 to 6 hours if you travel from Kuala Lumpur. Many bus companies run from Kuala Lumpur to Singapore. Some of the major ones are; star mart express, Transtar travel, and seasons express. Your bus ticket would cost from 11 to 35 dollars. An option of luxury buses to Singapore is also available at the cost of 25 to 30 dollars per person.
If you want to go to Singapore by train, then you must know that Singapore is connected to some cities by rail which includes Malaysia, Johar Baru, and Kuala Lumpur. The journey will take 7 hours or above wholly, depending on your train. There would be two stoppages of the train where you would have to buy two different tickets for each stop. Some of the trains need to be booked in advance.
Hitchhiking is entirely legal and possible in Singapore, but this travelling method is sporadic as Singapore has incredibly low prices for bus or train. If you are an expert hitchhiker, then you can manage to reach Singapore with little to no trouble. It could be possible to get a ride from the centre of the bridge but quite impossible during the office hours because the bridge is full of traffic, and even the drivers are hesitant in picking up hitchhikers cause there is no pedestrian sign on the bridge.
The other means of transport are ferry rides or a private taxis. A private taxi can be a costly means of transportation to reach Singapore as the drivers often overcharge tourists. You must be aware of the pollution that these cars can cause in Singapore before you take one. Though the pollution in Singapore is low, it is one of the primary sources of air pollution. The emissions of smoke and harmful gases from motor vehicles cause a lot of harm to the environment. Being a responsible tourist, you must not contribute and air pollution rather than you you should use a public bus which will cost you a few dollars and is cheaper as compared to a private taxi.
Singapore is a safe country, and moving around will not cause you any trouble unless you don't follow certain safety precautions on your trip.
The total area of Singapore is 725.7 km², which makes it difficult to discover everything just by walking. Walking can be a good health beneficial option, but it will provide dissatisfaction as you won't be able to reach much of Singapore's sights at one time. Because of its low crime rate and strict and fast track courts, Singapore is a safe tourism country in Southeast Asia.
There are many bicycle renting shops in Singapore. Moving around Singapore by bike can be self-discovery which can help you to know about roads and lanes in detail. There are separate tracks for bicycles in Singapore, and various guidelines are issued for cyclists. You can even carry your bike if it is foldable one or can take it in trains unless it's too heavy.
In total, Singapore has 1,330 electric vehicles. Electric vehicles in Singapore came late as of 2015. There was only one fully electric car in Singapore at the time. Presently, Singapore has a total of 1330 electric vehicles with a total of 166 charging stations in different areas and districts. Using an electric vehicle can be very beneficial for you. The maintenance cost of an electric vehicle is comparatively lesser than that of petrol or diesel operated cars. The maintenance of such modes of transportation is less, and they cause little to no harm to the local environment. They create less pollution as they don't use fossil fuels, and there would be no emission of harmful smoke. According to the latest research, it is found that some parts of electric vehicles are made up of recycled materials like water bottles, plastic bags, old car parts, etc. If there will be less emission of harmful substances from a car, this would also affect the health of the people as air pollution, and noise pollution will degrade.
Travelling around Singapore by bus is cheaper and eco-friendly. Singapore has an extensive bus system that covers almost every street, district and area. You can even enjoy the scenery of Singapore while travelling on a public bus. To pay the bus fees, you can opt for card or cash payment methods, but prefer using cards to be on the safer side. There are three different cards for travellers in Singapore - Singapore Tourist Pass, EZ Link, and Standard Ticket. Singapore tourist pass is a card that comes with unlimited travel on MRT and LRT bus services for one to three days. There are different costs of this tourist pass; for one day you'll have to give $10, for two days you have to give $16, and for three days you have to give $20. The deposit is refundable if you submit the card within five days after the date of purchase.
Tram, Train and Subway
There are two different types of rail systems spread around Singapore. The first one is MRT and the second one is LRT. MRT is, no doubt the fastest way to travel around Singapore at a low cost. If you want to ride in the MRT and EasyLink, STP or standard ticket is essentially required. Children below seven years are at an exception and need a child concession card. Children older than seven years must have an adult card or student card to travel in Singapore. There are a total of four lines in the MRT system and a limit that you can travel for only 2 hours in it. The four MRT lines are the North-South line, East-West line, Circle line, and Thomson -East Coastline. An LRT is an upgraded form of the tram which is owned by the land transport authority that comes under the government of Singapore. It is a driverless and fully automated transit tram with three transit lines covering significant areas of Singapore. It uses the same ticket system as MRT. The three lines LRT running across Singapore are - Bukit Panjang LRT, Sengkang LRT, and Punggol LRT.
With depleting natural resources and severe climatic catastrophic events like the Amazon and California forest fires, nature is warning us to start adopting measures and practices that are sustainable and focus on protecting the environment. Since the last decade, many individuals, organizations, and businesses have identified the need and are promoting such products. Sustainable shopping or eco-shopping is such a way of protecting our environment where products that are made using organic and degradable substances are used and are sourced from local sources, which helps in supporting the local communities. You will find many food markets, flea markets, second-hand shops, and eco-stores in Singapore that are providing the locals and tourists with such sustainable products.
Food markets are the best places to get fresh and quality produce of vegetables, fruits, seafood, meats, spices, baked items, etc. These markets promote local businesses by providing them with a platform to sell their goods to the people. The vendors in such markets offer items that are produced without any chemicals or preservatives and are 100% organic. Most of these markets operate on specific or particular days to support the local businesses and provide fresh produce.
- Pek Kio Wet Market
- Straits Market
- Taman Jurong Market and Food Centre
- Keat Hong Wet Market
- Lian Hup Fresh Market
- Kopitiam Square Wet Market
Flea markets are some of the oldest markets in the world that can be found in almost every city. These markets sell second-hand goods which are recycled ones and relatively cheap. Most of these items come from the locals' storage and is a way of earning petty cash and selling items that are no longer in their use. These items are often bought by people that are low on money.
- Sunday Flea Market
- Market Gaia Guni
- Bangkit Market
- Yellow Tee Market
- Chatuchak SG Night Market
- Chinatown Singapore
Second Hand Stores
Second-hand shops are famous worldwide as great places to find vintage and unique items that may have lost their popularity but are quite valuable. These shops also consist of other less valuable and second-hand items which you can buy. Buying second-hand items rather than brand new items are very beneficial as they are cheaper and are almost as good as new items. It will help you in avoiding spending more money than required during your trip to Singapore.
- Family Thrift Store Tanglin Rd
- Salvation Army Thrift Shop
- Praisehaven Mega Family Thrift Store
- Cash Converters
- Something Old Something New
- The Fashion Pulpit
There have been many trends in the fashion industry that has surprised the people. Still, eco-fashion or sustainable fashion is one such fashion that proved to be quite shocking and required one in the present scenario. Eco-fashion is quite trendy in the world as it promotes the use of recyclables, reusable, organic, and second-hand items that most people consider as garbage. There are many boutiques, craftsmen, artists, and fashion designers in Singapore that have adopted such sustainable practices.
- Whispers & Anarchy
- Sans Faff
- Source Collections
- August Society
The National Recycling Programme in Singapore ensures that every household on the island is equipped with a recycling bin facility. The programme is an initiative of the Singaporean government to go zero-waste one day. With the help of this programme, large blue bins are assigned for recyclable items where the people can collect and later dispose of it properly. The 'rag-and-bone man' who is an unlicensed man who buys the paper, e-waste, cans, metallic waste, and other junk items from the houses and resells them to the waste recycling companies or second-hand shops. More and more people are adopting such practices and quitting the use of single-use plastic items. It is the reason why pollution rates are in control, and people can live a sustainable life.
Particularly for waste management of every household and building complex, the Singaporean government has allotted green garbage bins where the people can dispose of their household garbage. You can find such containers in almost every street, locality, district, and significant areas of the island. There are strict laws regarding proper waste disposal and management that the locals and the authorities have to follow or then will be penalized by the law. You will find that the people are becoming quite aware of the need for such sustainable practices and do the needful to avoid using items that are harmful to the environment, and prefer organic and degradable items.
Work and Study Abroad
No doubt, Singapore is one of the best Island countries in the world that offers exceptional educational and job opportunities. The people are amicable and modern-minded. Because of such right conditions, the work environment is very ethical, and you will not face much problem in searching for companies or businesses that are looking for foreign persons. These institutes and organizations provide a lot of amenities to international students and employees. All you need to do is to contact these places and apply for a job or admission.
The student exchange programme is a worldwide programme that provides opportunities for students to study different international courses amongst other cultural groups and students. It enables the students to discover and learn about the uniqueness and individuality of the various religious and community groups in the world that shape today's world. Many educational institutes in Singapore are part of the program and often invite international students to study and develop their skills.
- National University of Singapore
- Singapore Management University
- SUSEP Coursefinder
Au pairing might not seem like prominent practice in South-east Asia. Still, you will be surprised to know that many au pairs in Singapore are supporting families of different countries and providing them with financial and emotional support. You can also become an Au pair with your partner or just by yourself by registering on the Au pairing website and fulfilling are the prerequisites. It is a great way to use your money in a better way that will end up in support a family that can't even manage to get even a single meal a day. It may not seem that big a deal for you, but the family that you would help would forever be grateful for your consideration.
The people of Singapore are quite unlike the other Asians as they are quite modern-minded, and most of them belong to the younger generation that is more educated and open-minded. You will find that there are some societal issues in the country. Still, the youth are very passionate in providing their help and resolving such issues to create a friendly society and environment. The people of Singapore have struggled for their independence from Malaysia for a long time, and believe that everything can be solved in unity.
- Willing Hearts
- Singapore Anti-Narcotics Association
- Grace Volunteer Centre
- Home Team Volunteers
- Silver Ribbon (Singapore)
- New Hope Community Services
While visiting the country, you must participate in such volunteering activities and give back to the local communities for being such wonderful hosts. The government may not look like it has many societal issues, but deep down, the people struggle for freedom, employment, healthcare, etc. By lending a hand to the people in need, will help you learn about the underlying issues and do the needful.