Eco-friendly travel guide to Antarctica advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to travel in a sustainable way and how to respect the nature. Make your trip green by supporting responsible travel agencies. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in Antarctica.
- Air quality: 4.0 - 5.0 / 5
- Bus connections: 0.0 - 0.5 / 5
- Train connections: 0.0 - 0.0 / 5
- Hitchhiking: 0.0 - 2.0 / 5
- National parks: 0.0 - 1.5 / 5
- Outdoor activities: 2.5 - 4.0 / 5
- Locals' English level: 2.0 - 5.0 / 5
- Safety: 1.0 - 5.0 / 5
- Accommodation: US$100 - $1000
- Budget per day: US$180 - $2000
- 1 Responsible Travel
- 2 Air Quality and Pollution
- 3 Respect the Culture
- 4 Top 10 Places to Visit
- 5 Explore
- 6 Eat
- 7 Drink
- 8 Activities
- 9 Accommodation
- 10 Regions
- 11 Cities
- 12 Getting There and Moving Around
- 13 Sustainable Shopping
- 14 Recycling
- 15 Work and Study Abroad
- 16 See Also
The landmass of Antarctica makes up the majority of the Antarctic district. The Antarctic is a cool, distant zone in the Southern Hemisphere incorporated by the Antarctic Convergence. The Antarctic Convergence is a lopsided line of latitude where chilly, north streaming Antarctic waters meet the hotter waters of the world's seas. The Antarctic covers around one-fifths of the Southern Hemisphere. The mainland is partitioned into East Antarctica (which is generally made out of a high ice-shrouded level) and West Antarctica (which is to a great extent an ice sheet covering an archipelago of sloping islands). Regularly portrayed as a landmass of exemplifications, Antarctica is the world's southernmost mainland. It is likewise the world's most elevated, driest, windiest, coldest, and iciest landmass.
Antarctica is the fifth-biggest landmass as far as a complete area is taken into consideration. Additionally, it is bigger than both Oceania and Europe. Antarctica is a remarkable mainland in that it doesn't have a local populace. There are no nations in Antarctica, albeit seven countries guarantee various parts of it: New Zealand, Australia, France, Norway, the United Kingdom, Chile, and Argentina. The Antarctic additionally incorporates island regions inside the Antarctic Convergence. The islands of the Antarctic locale are Peter I Island and Bouvet Island, asserted by Norway; Scott Island and the Balleny Islands, claimed by New Zealand. Heard and McDonald Islands, asserted by Australia; and South Orkney Islands, South Shetland Islands, South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands, all claimed by the United Kingdom.
Knowing all of the above, as tourists, we certainly realise the sheer size of the continent and though it may be less of a holiday here and more of a banishment, one can certainly find a thriving tourism scene here. Adventure-seekers always make their way to Antarctica and indulge in some of the most strenuous of holidays as they wade through the snow and the gusts of icy winds.
As a tourist, one does not need to worry too much about having a small carbon footprint here as the continent doesn’t have any commercial activities going on here. In addition to this, the continent is excessively cold for individuals to live there for quite a while. Researchers alternate going there to examine the ice. Tourists visit Antarctica in the summers. The seas around Antarctica is home to numerous kinds of whales, penguins and seals. All of these collectively ensure that the continent isn’t burdened nor is it exploited. However, there is another major challenge that the continent has to face. Over the past few decades, major cities across other continents have grown at a rapid pace and as a result of this, the rampant use of fossil fuels and unsustainable methods of development has lead to an overall increase in temperatures, this has accelerated the melting of ice in Antarctica, with even permafrost going through the unthinkable. Hence, as a tourist headed to Antarctica, you may want to ensure that you do your best to not only avoid polluting your surroundings by living unsustainably but also do your bit as a responsible tourist and be vocal about the plight of Antarctica.
Unlike when you are on other continents, you don’t have to worry about doing too many things right to be a responsible tourist here. Your accommodation options are limited, your choices in food shall be frugal and shopping isn’t even on the agenda here. Hence, your responsibility is just to ensure that you reach the continent in a green manner, avoid littering anywhere and finally enjoy your trip in as minimal resources as possible.
Air Quality and Pollution
Antarctica is the coldest destination on the planet. The temperature in the colder times of year is adequately cold to freeze water constantly. The temperature in Antarctica is a lot lower than the temperature on the coasts. Antarctica is a desert. It doesn't rain or snow a ton there. At the point when it snows, the snow doesn't liquefy and develops over numerous years to make enormous, thick sheets of ice, called ice sheets. Antarctica is comprised of loads of ice as icy masses form icebergs and glaciers. Antarctica has no trees or bushes. The lone plants that can live in a spot that cold are algae and moss.
Antarctica has two seasons: summer and winter. Earth has a shift in its axis and the bearing of slant won't ever change. During summer, Antarctica is on the face of Earth leaned towards the sun. It is consistently radiant. In winter, Antarctica is away from the face of Earth that is towards the sun. At that point, the landmass is consistently dark. Antarctica has a very cool, dry environment. Winter temperatures along Antarctica's coast for the most part range from - 10° Celsius to - 30° Celsius. Throughout the mid-year, waterfront zones drift around 0°C (32°F) yet can arrive at temperatures as high as 9° Celsius. In the rugged, inside areas, temperatures are a lot colder, dipping under - 60° Celsius. In 2010, the coldest temperature was recorded in Antarctica utilising satellite information and that was - 90° Celsius.
While Antarctica stays one of the cleanest places on the planet, progressively a lot of characteristic and man-made barometrical poisons are finding their way to the frozen landmass. Poisons enter by means of a number of routes, some are immediate, others more tangled. Considering this, tourists need not worry about air pollution but that doesn’t mean that one must live carefree and not worry about illnesses and bodily tolls as well. The continent has sub-zero temperatures for the most part of the year, visiting the continent needs one to be in good enough shape to breathe in the icy winds that blow here. Life shall be devoid of all comforts and the cold winds can easily make one fall ill especially if he/she is susceptible to breathing illnesses. Thus, tourists need to plan their trips only if they are in the pink of health and if they have all the necessary equipment, clothing and resources to tour the ice desert.
Respect the Culture
As far as culture in Antarctica is taken into consideration, a tourist does not need to worry as there frankly is NO local culture, the continent has a maximum of 5000 individuals during the best tourist season and at times even lesser than 1000 individuals during the colder months. Most of them are tourists and researchers who are on the continent for a small period of time. None of these individuals are natives and as a result of this, Antarctica doesn’t have its own culture, heritage, or even identity of any sort.
A tourist who is visiting the country however can show respect to those around them in simple ways. There are a few basic etiquettes that one needs to follow, some of these include being considerate of your fellow tourists and local researchers needs along with your own needs. One must always try and avoid making sweeping statements or generalisations about subjects that they have little to no knowledge about. Being a cesspool of individuals from different places across the globe, any tourist must be respectful towards the beliefs and the basic culture of each individual they come across in Antarctica, avoiding belittling anyone or mocking them for things such as appearance.
Top 10 Places to Visit
There's an explanation to why people go to such lengths to visit Antarctica, and that is simply its bounty of whales, seals, penguins, and other boundless seabirds that are just part of the polar story. Regardless of whether you put its colourfully delightful untamed life aside, Antarctica is irrefutably mythic in both scale and view: The biggest glacial masses and chunks of ice are found there, drawing polar newcomers and the authentically snow-distraught the same. Hence, as a tourist, given below are 10 of the must-visit places in Antarctica that the explorer in you should check out if you ever make it to this icy landmass:
- Basecamp: The basecamp in Antarctica is surely worth experiencing, it is an ultimate expedition and truly gives you the feel of being on the coldest landmass on the planet. A trip here addresses a practically comprehensive synopsis of each open-air activity you can appreciate in Antarctica. One such action is mountaineering, an unequivocally high-octane Antarctica fascination. Delicate trip choices inland of Neumayer Channel are profoundly mainstream, just as jumps on Pléneau and Petermann Islands. Or on the other hand, if you'd preferably stay on partially level ground, you can rather leave on snowshoeing trips along the Antarctic shoreline.
- Penguin Post Office: The old research base of Port Lockroy, which is presently the mailing station otherwise called the Penguin Post Office, is the most southerly mailing terminal on Earth. This is another easy decision as an Antarctica attraction. While you're composing your letter, pause for a minute to value all the gentoo penguins asking why you're not simply messaging via your phone.
- Weddell Sea: Since Ross Sea trips will in general be offered less frequently and are more broad issues (as a rule more than 30 days), numerous polar explorers lean toward the Weddell Sea for their Antarctic campaign voyage. Most Weddell Sea travels require around 11 days, taking in numerous ideal Antarctic attractions. One of the best is the west inclines of the Antarctic Sound. The western Antarctic Sound is once in a while seen from the air, however, it's genuinely deserving of a helicopter flight: layered sandstones, magma streams, and glacial masses, with ruler penguins, Adélies, kelp gulls, skuas, and different types of petrel. Duse Bay is another Antarctica fascination we need to make reference to. There a helicopter flight may store you on a rough hillock near an old asylum cottage neglecting this enchanting bay. Seymour Island is likewise a fine spot to see the sedimentary stone, fossils, and immense Antarctic views. You may likewise visit Devil Island (home to a huge Adélie province), Brown Bluff (which additionally has an Adélie state and is maybe the most picturesque area in the northern tip of the landmass), and Gourdin Island (with chinstrap, Gentoo, and Adélie penguins).
- Neko Harbour and Paradise Harbour: Of course, whales are among the main attractions in Antarctica. Like penguins, you can see whales in numerous seaward regions around Antarctica. Yet additionally, like penguins, there are a couple of ideal areas of interest: Cuverville Island, Danco Island, Petermann Island, and Pléneau Island are on the whole incredible whale-watching Antarctic attractions. They're likewise useful for gentoo penguins, seals, and skuas. Neko Harbor and Paradise Harbor, notable Antarctica attractions in themselves, are additionally extraordinary spots to spot humpbacks and minkes – alongside enormous glacial masses. In Wilhelmina Bay, you can see humpback whales while additionally taking a Zodiac voyage to the spooky wreck of the Guvernøren, a whaling vessel that burst into flames in 1915. What's more, around the Melchior Islands, you may experience considerably more whales, panther seals, and crabeater seals. By any retribution, Antarctica's whale attractions can go boldly head to head with some other locale on the planet.
- Wiencke Island: It's inarguably beautiful to sit on the deck of an ice-fortified polar vessel or durable Zodiac boat and basically watch the parade of ice sheet fronts, icy masses, and maybe a couple of surfacing whales pass your field of vision. But hardly a few things draw you nearer to Antarctica's amphibian attractions than kayaking. In a kayak, you can move away from the clamour of the mechanized vessels and appreciate the view in an unadulterated manner, controlled simply by your oars which is the strength of your own arms. Neumayer Channel's Wiencke Island is a phenomenal Antarctica fascination for this reason. What's more, Port Lockroy, or all the more explicitly Jougla Point, offers you the opportunity to kayak as well as meet gentoo penguins and blue-looked at shags, two favourite Antarctic seabirds.
- The Melchior Islands: In the event that you'd preferably see Antarctica's underwater attractions, consider polar scuba diving. You must have vast cold-water jump experience to book this enhancement, however, no other movement drenches you all the more completely in the ocean life of Antarctica. The Melchior Islands, a shocking polar scene where you can see ice sheets, panther seals, crabeater seals, and whales, is a magnificent territory for both for kayaking and scuba plunging.
- Snow Hill Island: Penguins and their groups can be found in numerous spots around Antarctica, yet there are a couple of key areas they're best found. One of the best among them is the head penguin state at Snow Hill Island. Furthermore, the Antarctic Peninsula is an incredible spot to spot penguins, particularly Adélies, Gentoos, and chinstraps. Truth be told, Adélies just live in Antarctica, not at all like other penguin species. More incredible penguin settlements exist farther north, in the sub-Antarctic islands of South Georgia.
- Ross Sea: On the off chance that you find the opportunity to venture to every part of the Ross Sea, you make certain to encounter one of Antarctica's best and least-visited attractions. Pendleton Strait is an infrequent landing site that, if ocean ice permits it, can bear the cost of you a visit toward the southern tip of Renaud Island. This Antarctic fascination is home to Adélie penguins just as amazing blue-white ice sheets. Since the Ross Sea is frequently loaded up with ice and is one of Earth's biggest preservation territories, in any case, campaign travels there don't ordinarily occur each year. So on the off chance that you see a Ross Sea journey, don't burn through any an ideal opportunity to book!
- The Amundsen Sea: This is another significant Antarctic fascination we visit during the Ross Sea travels. There you can discover sovereign penguins, gatherings of seals relaxing on the ice floes, potential orcas (executioner whales) and minke whales rambling along the ice edge.
- South Georgia and the Falklands: Despite the fact that Antarctica has a very sizable amount of attractions to fill any undertaking journey program, it's both exceptionally well known among polar voyagers to incorporate the sub-Antarctic in their Southern Hemisphere plans. The Falklands are entirely plentiful with feathered creatures that a significant number of the islands have been assigned Important Bird Areas by BirdLife International. A large part of the extraordinary birdlife you can find in Antarctica can be seen in more prominent numbers in the Falkland Islands. The Falklands are entirely plentiful with fowls that a significant number of the islands have been assigned Important Bird Areas. A large part of the outlandish birdlife you can find in Antarctica can be seen in more prominent numbers in the Falkland Islands. They're likewise three of the world's biggest rearing beaches for southern elephant seals.
Exploring Antarctica is truly an interesting experience, the continent has some harsh weather conditions for most part of the year and as a result of this all exploration must be planned and prepared for well in advance. Given in the sections below are some of the different types of places that you can visit. So start chalking out that itinerary if you wish to be mesmerised by the untouched corners of the world.
Knowing that Antarctica has no countries, it is obvious that there are no cities here either. With no proper government to handle affairs coupled with the extreme climatic conditions, one shall not find any city parks here. There is no place better than the indoors if one wishes to relax a little in Antarctica.
Much like the city parks, there is a complete lack of national parks as well. Considering how the unsuitable weather conditions do not allow any flora to develop one can give up all hopes of finding absolutely anything significant growing out of the ground. However, certainly enough there are some species of animals and birds that one can check out and for this you have various specially protected areas and sites of special scientific interest which serve to be the closest experience to national parks.
Lakes in Antarctica are the closest things that you shall find to water bodies. There are absolutely no beaches and sand in Antarctica is a distant dream. All those tourists who are looking for beaches in Antarctica are certainly in the wrong place and must look for their fair share of happiness elsewhere.
The various peaks and lakes in Antarctica truly serve to be the landmarks of the continent. These are worth marvelling and are truly awe-inspiring, in addition to these one shall also find some man-made landmarks that are truly worth a visit on your trip to Antarctica. Hence, listed below are some of the landmarks that you must visit:
- Halley Vi Station: Built in the year 2013, this is a Polar Station of the United Kingdom. The station has an extraordinary plan. It is based on a moving ice rack and standing on colossal skis. Upon need, this enormous design can be pulled to another area.
- Cape Washington Colony Of Emperor Penguins: The biggest settlement of the biggest penguin, which is the Emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri). Here are reproducing 25000 sets of this uncommon feathered creature.
- Pleneau And Booth Islands: Field of abandoned chunks of ice, seen here for the most season, of profoundly strange structures and shapes. The ice sheets are abandoned on the ground, in this way they can be securely analyzed while exploring among them.
- Onyx River: The biggest and longest waterway in Antarctica, meltwater stream streaming for a couple of months in summer. While streaming towards Lake Vanda, it breaks down the salt starting from the earliest stage, becoming a saltwater stream.
- Katabatic Winds At Commonwealth Bay: Windiest put on Earth with extremely regular tempests. The speed of wind here once in a while surpasses 90 m/s – 320 km/h. These particular breezes are considered katabatic breezes that may keep going for quite a long time. Quick ice precious stones may cause bizarre electric impacts.
- Blood Falls: Abnormal common component – an outpouring of hypersaline water, leaking through the ice, spoiled with iron oxides in blood tone. This roughly 15 m tall fall gives an understanding into a novel ecosystem that has been secluded from the rest of the world for 1.5 million years.
- Mcmurdo Dry Valleys: Competitor for the honour of driest put on Earth, this valley has not seen precipitation for more than millennia, dampness (approximately 30 mm each year) arrives at it from the meltwater. Any dampness is eliminated from here by very ground-breaking winds. A novel ecosystem of microorganisms.
Museums truly represent the accurate history and culture of any land, however, in Antarctica, one can certainly find the scientific discoveries that were made on these icy lands. Researchers have used the continent to gaze at stars and to even study life and history on Earth, these various outposts used by researchers serve to be museums on their own with plenty of items worth checking out. Similarly, the huts used by travellers and explorers over the years are museums in themselves. Given below is a list of the most popular museums in Antarctica:
- South Georgia Museum
- Scott’s Hut
- Port Lockroy
- Lame Dog Hut
- Discovery Hut
Two things were discovered almost immediately in Antarctic investigation that outrageous weather conditions cause individuals to feel exceptionally hungry and difficult work like that engaged with going by canine sledge, or particularly by man-hauling utilizes a lot of energy. This energy must be supplanted by eating enough, shockingly the early explorers didn't eat enough and endured as a result.
The food eaten on bases in Antarctica is fundamentally the same as the food that you will eat at home, obviously, there are national contrasts in what is on the menu, however, it will be essentially what you are utilized to. The greatest distinction and inadequacy is in the inventory of new leafy foods - for example, there aren't any for a large part of the time, just when a boat comes in or an inconsistent aeroplane lands.
For a significant part of the year, most of the food is either frozen, dried or tinned. It will in general show up on base toward the start of the late spring season in a significant shipment of a year's worth of food. Each base of more than around 6 individuals will have a cook or a few relying upon the size whose work is to arrange and set up the entirety of the food burned-through on base.
Present-day strategies of food safeguarding and fortress with nutrients in any case lost in the protection cycle imply that there is no peril of experiencing an insufficiency sickness, for example, scurvy which at times happened to early explorers. You will acknowledge that food can be genuinely insipid and not extremely energising sooner or later, in spite of the best efforts of the cooks they can't supplant the things you miss most.
The distinction when some new vegetables show up is inconceivable, you'd never accept that a humble carrot or potato can be so scrumptious! By a wide margin, the most well-known food in Antarctica is fish and in particular shellfish. Since virtually the entirety of the local populace lives close to the shores, and the actual mainland is loaded up with streams, lakes and waterways all through, the fish you'll be devouring will be amazingly new. These encompassing salt waters are bountiful in fish, halibut, swordfish, tuna and sea bass. Then again, the freshwaters give huge loads of trout and salmon. Most fish and freshwater fish are gotten around an hour prior to supper and sit in a tin basin of cold water until the time has come to be cooked. Some of the other popular dishes that are consumed by tourists and researchers in Antarctica are:
- Pemmican: It is a blend of ground and dried meat including a ton of fat. You'll require it as your body will be consuming more calories than expected attempting to remain warm. This economical dish will give you an incredible jolt of energy for your day.
- Hoosh: This is a blend of biscuits, Pemmican and water. This combo is combined as one of every a stock. While not particularly delightful, Hoosh fills in as a significant food. Hoosh may not be the most famous dish however we urge you to attempt it for the full cold experience!
- Sledging Biscuits : These biscuits are plain but give high levels of energy. They have controlled inhabitants toward the South Pole while driving canine groups for a long time. They additionally fill in as a staple for researchers as they do their reviews and field research. They are difficult to disappoint individuals with as they just contain 5 fixings flour, preparing pop, salt, spread and water.
- Duck: Among meats, the most famous in Antarctica is certainly duck. This most loved dinner is sold in most Antarctican urban communities. Hope to have it singed in a skillet, at that point meagrely cut and set on top of a bed of greens in a chewy hard form. The feast is soaked up with a few sauces and regularly comes with a simmered duck leg as an afterthought. Other meats devoured in Antarctica incorporate goose, chicken and turkey.
Among mixed beverages, beer which is locally known as spatendunk, is the most famous. Most locals incline toward their lager to be strong and dark. Anticipate that the beer should be marginally more unpleasant than you are likely acclimated with. It wouldn't be a lager in Antarctica on the off chance that it wasn't served super cold! While there are numerous business breweries all through the country, numerous Antarcticans decide to set up their own.
Beyond this, the usual alcoholic drinks are preferred as they help keep warm, Vodka is a favourite due to its ability to withstand extreme cold. Furthermore, hot beverages like tea, coffee, and more are popular all through the day as they not only give an individual energy but they also are refreshing and keep people warm.
Tap water in Antarctica is a very interesting subject, to begin with, the temperatures are such that you do not have taps to drink water out of at random places since the water in pipes freezes. Only in well-insulated stations do you have water that is derived from the ice post melting. This water also has to be filtered and possibly even boiled before consumption.
The list of activities to indulge in Antarctica are truly endless, the continent is full of adventures that one can undertake and these range from expeditions on the mountains in the snow to skiing and even sledging. Kayaking is something that is immensely popular in Antarctic waters and as a tourist, it is highly recommended that you try this to truly feel the very essence of Antarctica and its cold. In addition to this, the polar water dives to see marine life in Antarctica is an out of the world experience but one certainly needs some experience under their belt to try the same. Camping under the beautiful clear skies possibly even in Igloos is a great option for tourists, though more about this is given in the sections later. Lastly, it is recommended that tourists go and check out the wildlife here. The penguins are truly adorable and loveable, seeing colonies of them shall not only be a great photo op but it shall also serve to be an excellent perspective of life on Earth. On the off chance that you haven't seen as of now, birds are something major in Antarctica. All things considered, it's possible they're an Antarctic attraction. The species you're probably going to see on an Antarctica journey are too various to even think about naming in full, however, leaving out the above-mentioned penguins makes it easier. So all things considered your Antarctic voyage might just familiarise you with different types of albatross, tern, gull, petrel, cormorant, shearwater, sheathbill and skua.
Numerous individuals are astounded to find there are in reality no hotels in Antarctica. Notwithstanding the complete shortfall of hotels in the Antarctic, it is conceivable to remain on the landmass. While there are no evident Antarctic hotels, the accessible hotel options are different. These Antarctic hotel choices range from extravagant cabins to agreeable campgrounds.
As aforementioned, finding an Antarctic hotel isn't an alternative and most exploration stations and bases just acknowledge visitors for pre-planned visits, not overnight stays. Hence, some of the luxury stays can double up as green hotels as well as these aren’t reckless and they offer all amenities to their guests in a sustainable manner. Given below are a few options that are worth considering:
- Whichaway Camp
- Whichaway Ice & Mountins Adventure Program
- Gould Bay Camp
- Union Glacier Tented Camp
Hostels and Guest Houses
Hostels aren’t present in Antarctica, tourists often can try their luck at camps which are express stays and offer short term accommodations. In the event that you need to visit Antarctica with restricted time, you can mastermind an overnight stay at an Antarctic camp. Express Antarctic outdoors stays regularly focus on a visit to King George Island in the South Shetland Islands off the bank of the Antarctic Peninsula.
There are absolutely no residential spaces in Antarctica that one can visit and rent. The people who are living there for long spans of time have been commissioned by the governments of various nations. They live in the stations that have been assigned to them while the rest simply have to camp or check into a lodge or two.
Couchsurfing in Antarctica is not even an option, as mentioned above there aren’t people living here permanently, so the question of living with someone on their couch is impossible. However, in exceptional cases, if you are stranded in a blizzard and seek shelter at outposts and stations, you may get the chance of sleeping on a couch, but that’s temporary.
There's actually no more excellent approach to feel like a genuine Antarctic explorer than burrowing a snow hole, tossing a bivouac pack into it, and tumbling down for some great sack time. Mammoth ice sheets poke out of the steel-blue ocean, ice sheets lie broke over the stones like pounded church buildings, and the water is thick with whales, gentoo penguins, and crabeater seals. The entire scene seems as though an awesome figure of some almighty ice soul. Presently envision outdoors there. Port Lockroy is great, it is even close to Paradise Bay, and is unquestionably a fascination that draws its a lot of Antarctic cruisers. You'll probably camp a couple of miles away at Damoy Point, in Dorian Bay, on the northwest side of the rocky Wiencke Island. There are numerous polar-ideal spots for doing this, however, three standard places are Paradise Bay, Port Lockroy, and Errera Channel. Heaven Bay, found north of Lemaire Strait, could undoubtedly have its own entrance on this rundown, as it is one of the most jaw-droppingly beautiful places on the whole of Antarctica.
Getting There and Moving Around
Reaching Antarctica is a complex task and this is mainly due to the lack of transportation. Given in the sections below are the options that you have.
On the off chance that you need to observe the huge inside of Antarctica, you'll need to fly as journey sends for the most part adhere to the peninsula region. In this way, on the off chance that you extravagant skiing toward the South Pole or climbing Vinson Massif (the most noteworthy top in Antarctica), you'll need to fly. There are no air terminals in Antarctica, all things being equal, there are shoddy runways that can be opened upon demand. There are three alternatives when venturing out to Antarctica via plane. The main alternative is a 'fly-over' – a solitary day choice. The second is a standard fly-in, and the third is the thing that is known as a 'fly-cruise'.
There is no bus transportation to the continent of Antarctica.
There is no train transportation available to reach Antarctica.
Hitching a ride in Antarctica is possible but the ride isn’t always going to be the same, it could be a boat or even a sledge.
Beyond the above, reaching Antarctica is possible via cruise ships, there are plenty of them that undertake expeditions to Antarctica and by all means they are the most economical method of reaching the continent.
Considering the fact that there are no goods manufactured here and the few that are sold here are imported from other nations, sustainable shopping isn’t even a matter of concern.
The challenges of recycling waste in Antarctica are plenty but indigenous methods coupled with modern technology has enable recycling right upto astronomical figures such as 93% of the waste collected.
Dumping of waste in the open is strictly prohibited and most of the people are conscious enough to collect their trash and process it in an orderly and sustainable manner.
Work and Study Abroad
Working in Antarctica is a matter of great pride for researchers especially since most projects are sanctioned by governments across the globe. In addition to this, work opportunities are limited.
With no schools or universities on the continent, there are no students here.
Being an Au Pair here isn’t possible considering there are no children or families living here permanently.
Volunteering in Antarctica isn’t a very feasible option though there may be a few opportunities but these are mainly paid jobs under organisations to help tackle the various issues the continent faces.