Indonesia

From Eco Friendly Travels


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Eco-friendly travel guide to Indonesia advises how to be a responsible tourist. Learn how to travel in a sustainable way and how to respect the local people and culture. Make your trip green by supporting locally owned hotels, organic restaurants and other businesses. Read more on how to protect the environment by making conscientious choices and how to travel green in Indonesia, Asia.


  • Air quality: 3.5 / 5
  • Bus connections: 5 / 5
  • Train connections: 4 / 5
  • Hitchhiking: 4 / 5
  • National parks: 5 / 5
  • Outdoor activities: 5 / 5
  • Locals' English level: 1.5 / 5
  • Safety: 3.5 / 5
  • Accommodation: US$6 - $1500
  • Budget per day: US$20 - $1700

Responsible Travel

The Republic of Indonesia, or just Indonesia, is a southeast Asian and Oceania country sitting between the Pacific and Indian oceans. Indonesia is the only country in the world that comprises seventeen thousand islands; thus, making it the largest island country globally. Unlike its neighboring countries like Vietnam, Malaysia, China, Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia is home to a diverse variety of ethnic groups. You will find that the most-followed religion is the Islamic one that accumulates to more than 80 percent. Indonesia is famous worldwide for its iconic and rejuvenating islands like Bali, Java, New Guinea (Papua), Sumatra, Borneo, etc. You will find that in a total approximate area of 1.9 million square kilometers, it comes as the 14th largest country. It homes over 267 million people and ranks 4th globally when it comes to the total population. The capital city is Jakarta, which is also home to the biggest Indonesian airport, Soekarno Hatta International Airport. The country recognizes over 700 regional languages and about 600 ethnic groups.

As a popular vacation destination in Asia, you will want to get the best experience out of your Indonesian trip. To make your Indonesian trip successful, you will need to travel responsibly, including adopting eco-friendly practices and respecting the local environment.

  • You will find that the pollution levels are not very severe compared to neighboring countries like China, Vietnam, and Thailand. Still, you need to be cautious of your actions and contribute to improving environmental problems. The best way to assist as a tourist is by participating in volunteering activities. These activities will help the locals understand the need to change their habits and learn about the various measures to adopt while exploring Indonesian cities. Recycling, proper waste disposal, reusing used items, etc., are some sustainable measures that will help you keep your carbon footprint minimal and save on many costs.
  • Some other eco-friendly measures that you can adopt while staying in Indonesia is by opting for sustainable accommodation options like green hotels, hostels, guest houses, Couchsurfing, camping, and rental apartments. These places use localized items, which help in supporting the local communities by providing them employment opportunities. These places are also cheaper than luxurious resorts and hotels that often exploit the local environment to provide their guests with world-class services. These sustainable accommodation options also use various solar power measures, rainwater harvesting, rental bicycles, reusable towels, and ingredients from local sources.
  • Since the pollution levels are increasing at a steady pace, you must avoid contributing to the increment. You can do this by opting for public transports, walking, or bicycles to move around the country. These options will help you get a first-hand experience of the Indonesian culture and help you stay fit. They are also quite affordable; therefore, you can save a lot of money and use it wisely later.

Another great way to travel responsibly in a foreign country like Indonesia, with over 600 ethnic groups, is by supporting local businesses and communities. You will find that many local artisans, handicraft workers, painters, and other such artistic people create unique items using their traditional methods and giving their personal touch and twist. These hand-made items are very cheap, and if you buy even a few from a local artist or business, you will be able to help them earn enough to provide their family with a proper meal. These handicrafts are also great souvenirs for your Indonesian trip that will stay longer than souvenirs from tourist shops.


Air Quality and Pollution

Air Pollution – air pollution in Indonesia accumulates to 64% of the total pollution because of the increased use of motorcycles and cars. Due to this country's industrialization, many cities face smoke-related issues from industries containing carbon monoxide and other harmful chemicals. Many locals often set the garbage on fire by the locals to get rid of it without dumping, which creates a lot of smoke causing air pollution. There are many buildings which are created and destroyed regularly in this country which requires heavy machines. Air pollution can cause severe problems to the human body, like asthma and other respiratory problems.

Noise Pollution – Noise pollution is using many sounds which may cause damage to the ears. In simplified terms, any sound which is above 120 decibels is a noise. There is a moderate level of noise pollution in this city. Noise pollution is mainly because of traffic and vehicles' horns, including trucks, trains, and cars. There are around 29 to 30 airports in Indonesia that operate more than a hundred aircrafts a day. The sound which an airplane makes while take off and on landing also comes under noise pollution. Other reasons are this city's nightlife, including high volume speakers used in the parties, clubs, and bars. Due to the rapid growth of industries, there is a lot of noise that comes from them. Noise pollution can cause stress, anxiety, sleep disorder, depression, hearing loss, and many other problems.

Light Pollution – Light pollution means excessive use of light. There is a lot of light pollution present in this country. It is because of the growing tourism and nightlife, which is becoming popular in this country. There are no restrictions on the bars and clubs; therefore, they go on partying for the whole night, creating unwanted light in some states. Corruption and bribery in this country are high due to which these clubs and bars escape. Light pollution can cause sleep disorders, headaches, and other such problems. It is bad for humans and animals as they would not be able to sleep, which will create an issue in their ecosystem.

  • Pollution Index – 67.08
  • Pollution Exp Scale – 115.85
  • Jakarta (West Java) is the most polluted city in Indonesia


Respect the Culture

Indonesia is a secular country offering five religions, including Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism. Therefore, there is cultural diversity in this country. There is an ancient fusion of Hinduism and Islam known as Javanese Abangan Belief. There are dances called Balinese dances, which depict stories about Buddhist and Hindu kingdoms. In Aceh and Minangkabau regions, there is a lot of Islamic art and architecture present.

  • Gawai Dayak:- This is an annual festival of Indonesian people celebrated on 1st and 2nd June by the Dayak people. It was first celebrated in 1965 because, in 1962, the British Colonial government refused to honor it. Different types of food and drinks are present in these festivals, including their traditional liquor called Tuak, a rice wine made of gluten rice a month before this festival. Other food items include cakes of a different kind made from flour.
  • Jakarta Fashion and Food Festival – This is best if you love to try new dishes or want to go shopping. It is an annual festival which lasts for a month and is continuing since 2004. Many tourists visit this festival; therefore, it is trendy in the tourism industry of Indonesia. You will get traditional dresses and other items which would be designed by professional designers. Many food stalls serve different cuisines and traditional dishes like meatballs and fresh aromatic soups called SOTO.


Top 10 Places to Visit

  • Borobudur (Java)

It is also known as Candi Borobudur in Indonesian. It is a historic temple from the 9th century, and it is a Mahanaya Buddhist Temple in the province of Magelang Regency in Java, Indonesia. This temple dates back to the 9th century of the Sailendra Dynasty Era. Later, the site saw alterations in 1911 by Theodoor van Erp. It is a World Heritage Site that comes under UNESCO. During the excavation, the site shows some traces of Hindus before the Buddhists acquired the temple. The place consists of approximately 2,670 reliefs. There are many relief materials present in these temples. Some of them are relief panel of a ship at Borobudur, the Apsara of Borobudur, a detailed carved stone of relief, surasundari holding a lotus, tara holding a Chamara is present here. A Buddha statue inside a stupa, a Great departure from Lalitavistara, and an early keris form weapon are also available.

  • Gili Islands (West Nusa Tenggara)

It is also known as Tiga Gili in Indonesia. It covers a totals area of 15-kilo meters square that is 5.8 square miles. It consists of a total population of 4439. It is present in the province of West Nusa Tenggara. The island has a tropical climate, which is warm with a wet and dry season. The average temperature goes up to 28 degrees Celcius. There is no motorized vehicle on any of the three islands. You can travel using bicycles or cidomo, a horse-drawn carriage and is tiny in size. The primary income of natives of Gili Meno island is by fishing, coconut plantation, and tourism. It also has a turtle sanctuary and beaches all over the island. It is the smallest and most peaceful of the three islands. In Gili Air, many water sports are available, like Kitesurfing, scuba diving, paddle boarding, and many more. There are many resorts and restaurants opened for the convenience of the visitors.

  • Sacred Monkey Forest (Bali)

It is also known as Mandala Suci Wenara Wana or a more famous name Ubud Monkey Forest. It is a natural habit and a sanctuary for the long-tailed Balinese monkey. This sanctuary is home to approximately 1049 monkeys. This sanctuary experiences 10,000 to 15,000 visitors every year. Other than monkeys, it also has 186 species of trees and plants. The forest covers up to 125 hectares. For the convenience of tourists, a gallery, a public hall, a canteen, toilet facilities, a first aid center, a composting facility, and many more are available here. There are three temples present; the Hindu temple dates back to 1350. The three temples are the Pura Beji Temple, the Pura Prajapati Temple, and the Pura Dalem Agung Pdhamtegal. For the spiritual use by the locals, temples are an essential aspect of their everyday life.

  • Tana Toraja (South Sulawesi Province)

Toraja land is a common name of the place in Indonesian. It is a regency in Indonesia that is home to an ethnic group called Toraja. It has a total population of 232,519. The regency covers an area of 1,990.22 square kilometers. It is the second most famous tourist destination in Indonesia, while Bali remains the first. Since it is home to an ethnic group, various foreign people who study humans and their culture come to this regency. The topography is mountainous here, with a minimum elevation of 150 meters. It is also called the land of the Heavenly Kings. The ethnic people speak their language, Toraja. One of the striking practices here is the death ceremony. Tana Toraja is also the origin of a famous beverage that is Indonesian coffee. There are many hotels present where tourists can stay. Before the spread of tourism, the ethnic people used to do agriculture for their living, but now since tourism emerged, natives work in restaurants, hotels, coffee factories to earn their living. Tana Toraja is one of the best places to visit if you love to study the life and culture of Indonesian ethnic groups.

  • Lake Toba (North Sumatra)

It is known as Danau Toba in Indonesian. It is a natural lake which is quite large. The lake is present in North Sumatra in Indonesia. The lake's maximum length is 100-kilo meters that are 62 miles, whereas the full width is 30-kilo meters that are 19 miles. The lake covers a total area of 1,130-kilometer square that is 440 square miles. Most of the people who live here are ethnically Bataks. Bataks are known for their houses, which have roofs curved on the ends. This place has a varied flora and fauna. Lake Toba consists of all kinds of macroplanktons, like the submerged, floating, and emergency macroplanktons. The fauna of the place includes Two endemic species of fishes named Rasbora Tobana and the Batak fish. Other than these, many other common fishes are also present here.

  • National Gallery of Indonesia (Jakarta)

The National Gallery of Indonesia is an art and Gallery museum that is present in Jakarta, Indonesia. It exists as a cultural institution in the field of art visuals since 8th May 1999. It helps and plays a vital role in expanding the general awareness of art form and artwork group reservation exploitation and development of the visual arts in Indonesia's regions. It would be best if you visited the National Gallery of Indonesia while you are in the country.

  • Orangutans of Borneo (Borneo)

By the name, it is evident that these orangutans are native to Borneo island. Like any other apes, they are brilliant. Scientists found that the DNA of orangutans and humans are similar up to 97%. A significant proportion of the species live in the lowlands of the Borneon islands. The Sumatran Orangutans are less in number. Approximately 15,000 are remaining in the jungles, whereas 54,500 Bornean Orangutans are present in the region. The primary reason for their disappearance is the ruining of their habitat due to deforestation and bushmeat trade. Orangutans are highly endangered, and scientists believe that Orangutans have lessened up to 14%. Orangutans may become extinct in the coming 10 to 20 years if the local authority doesn't take the necessary precautions. Therefore, the government of Indonesia is taking strict actions against poachers and hunters. There are many rehabilitation centers also present for the orangutan. They are the Orangutan Survival Foundation, the Borneo Orangutan Foundation, and the Sepilok Orang Utan Rehabilitation center. It is one of the best Indonesian islands if you want to see free orangutans jumping from one tree to another.

  • Bali

This island consists of the main island of Bali along with many other Balinese islands. This place is Indonesia's most important tourist destination. A significant proportion of Bali's economy is 80% comes from tourism and tourism-related businesses. The total population of this island is 4,362,000. The total area of this island is 5,780 square kilometers that are 2,230 square miles. It is the only province of Indonesia that has a majority of Hindus. The unique paddy irrigation system present here is a Natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO. There are several water sports, such as surfing, diving, and many others. Football is also famous here. Bali is known for its sophisticated art and diverse handicrafts, sculpture, woodcarving, music, metalworking, and many more. The average temperature here goes to about 30 degrees Celcius or 86 degrees Fahrenheit. Moreover, Bali holds the world-famous Indonesian Film Festival every year. A famous spot known as the Coral Triangle is also in Bali, where about 500 species of corals are present.

  • Komodo National Park (East Nusa Tenggara)

It is a natural park sitting in between the provinces of East and West Nusa Tenggara. It dates back to 1980 when it first started operating. It covers a total area of 1,733-kilometers square that is 669 square miles. It experienced its highest number of visitors in the year 2010 that is 45,000 visitors. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry governs this park. Here, the endemic species of Komodo Dragon are present. The northeastern coast of the island develops coral reefs. The park's rich marine life consists of sponges, eagle rays, whale sharks, blue-ringed octopus, sea horse, clown frogfish, and many more. The terrestrial animals found here are comparatively lesser than aquatic diversity. The terrestrial fauna includes orange-footed scrubfowl, helmeted friarbird, and many more. Snake species account for up to 12 on this island. Some mammals present here are Rinca rat, water buffalo, wild boar, and many more.

  • Wae Webo village (West Nusa Tenggara)

It is in the traditional town present in the district of Maggarai On the islands of Flores, located in eastern Indonesia. The area got the top award of excellence from UNESCO in 2012 as it is a specific heritage. It is a small isolated village recognized for its rebuilding of Mbaru Niang houses based on the spiritual community. It’s around 1100 meters above sea level, an approximately 3 to 4-hour journey from the Denge Village foot. This village sits between the panoramic mountains and the dense total forest around its side. Empu Maru found this village about 100 years ago.


Explore

There are various city parks in which you can roam around and relax. Other than this, there are beaches for different water activities or sunbathing. You can perform various sports activities like snorkeling, windsurfing, and water jet-type activities, which will help you create memories. It is a very historical place with many museums and artistic monuments, which will be very exciting to see and learn about Indonesia's ancient art and livelihood.


City Parks

There are many city parks which are made-in each city of Indonesia. Some of the parks have statues of historical leaders as a tribute to them. There are many health benefits of walking in a park. These parks' fresh air will provide you enough refreshment for your body and boost your mental state and help you reduce your stress.

  • Tabebuya Park (Ibukota)

It is a city park which is in Ibukota, Jakarta. This park comes under the best parks available in Jakarta. This park is excellent for picnics and strolling as it has many grass-covered areas. You can also come here for a morning or evening walk. There is a pond in this park where fishes are present, and you can also feed them. It consists of a badminton court and separates open places for recreational activities like yoga. There is a canteen in this park where you can find snack items to enjoy while strolling. The area of this park is 9,626 meters. This park is best to visit during springs and autumn because the cherry blossom trees grow their leaves, which gives the park an enchanting look.

  • Suropati Park (Menteng)

It is a public park which is present in Menteng, Jakarta. You can easily find this park as it is present in the city center, where three streets meet. This park was created in 1920 and is under the Department of Parks and Cemetery's governance, Jakarta. You can perform various sports activities, including walking, jogging, cycling, and other such activities. There are fountains surrounded by many pigeons; you can feed them. The refreshing environment from the winds, trees, and fountains relaxes and soothes your mind and body. It is the reason why this park gained so much popularity. In the past, this park hosted various political rallies. You can even bring your family, friends, or partner to spend some time enjoying and relaxing together.

  • Waduk Pluit Park (North Jakarta)

This park is present in North East Jakarta and first opened in 2013. This park has a basketball court where you can come with your friends and play. There are jogging tracks for fitness and a fitness area for exercising. There is a small canteen which serves limited snacks and beverages. This park's entry is free of cost without any charges. You can reach here by public bus, the parking here is not free. There are various trees and a lake at the border of this park. There are statues of some historical leaders who have played an essential role in the history of Indonesia.

  • Mayura Park – (Lombok)

This park is present 2 kilometers east of Mataram and dates back to 1866. It is a Balinese styled architecture which covers an area of 33,877.10 square meters. It is a rectangular-shaped park whose length is 244.6 meters and width is 138.5 meters. There is a pond along with the building where the resident assistant had his office. There are statues of three Muslim leaders dressed in traditional Banjar clothing and an iron cannon placed in the park entrance. This park's history is fascinating and is present there, including the war between two kings, which happened in 1839, in which the defeating king died, leaving his crowned son who created this park.

  • Kalijodo Park (Penjaringan)

It is a park which is covering a land of 3.4 hectares and is present in Penjaringan. The park replaced a red light area and started operating in 2017. In 1950, this place became the favorite place for locals to roam around observing nature. Earlier, the park served to celebrate a water feast of Chinese called "Peh Cun." Many youngsters throw bean cakes to the opposite gender they found attractive while on the boat. If the female accepts the beans, she does the same. Between 1953 – 1960, the mayor banned this Chinese culture in the city. There is a play area with all kinds of amusement rides. A sizeable 23-meter hall known as Amphitheater is present. A skate park with concrete and iron railings is also available here.


National Parks

A national park is a park aimed at conservation, and usually, the state government maintains these parks. Therefore, these parks are well-maintained. There is a total of 17,508 islands registered till now; accordingly, there are many national parks. Much of the revenue of cities comes from national parks. These national parks are best for picnic and tourist attractions. Some of the famous national parks are listed below. The ones which are listed are best in terms of cleanliness and popular among Indonesian people. Some of the national parks have restaurants and cafes to eat at during your visit. The staff are well-qualified and are very humble and will help you even if you get lost somewhere. You must check the weather if you plan to visit as rainfall or bad weather can be very stormy.

  • Alas Purwo (Java)

This national park is in the southeast of Banyuwangi, and you can see many wild Banteng and can surf in the Grajagan Bay. This park covers an area of 434 square kilometers. This place is a significant hub of various endangered species; this park also helped recover Banteng substantially. The main reason for different species getting endangered are humans; many people try to capture them in Indonesia and try to slaughter and sell their meat. Other than this, there are many species of plants available in this park to visit. If you want to try windsurfing, you can very well come to this park between March and November.

  • Bunaken National Park (Sulawesi Island)

It is a marine park that is in the north of Sulawesi Island of Indonesia. This park lies at the center of the coral triangle; therefore, this is home to more than 390 species of coral. Other than this, there are many fishes, reptiles, and other aquatic creatures present. It came into operation in 1991 under the body of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. In this national park, 22 villages with a total population of about 35,000 people reside. As this is a marine park, the villagers' main occupation is fishing; other than this, there are farms of coconut, banana, and sweet potato. You can also perform various activities like scuba diving and snorkeling.

  • Kerinci Seblat National Park (Sumatra)

It is the largest national park on Sumatra's entire island, covering 13,991 square kilometers. This park is also under the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra. This park takes a lot of land from the Barisan mountains. There are facilities of hot springs where one can relieve stress. Waterfalls give a fantastic view of the rivers, caves, and Lake Gunung Tujuh, the highest caldera lake of South East Asia. There are a lot of cats of different species, which can be seen everywhere in this area.

  • Ujung Kulon National Park (West Java)

This park is in the western region of Java in Indonesia. The Ministry of Environment and forestry established and currently governs the park. This park covers 497.6 square kilometers and is a World's heritage site under natural parks. This national park protects around 57 species of plants and 35 to 40 mammal species. Other than these, there are 72 species of reptiles and 240 species of birds. However, there is still no traces of crocodiles in the waters. There was a claim that locals saw a gharial in the lake, but the authorities found no such thing. There are some traces of crocodile, but the administration does not confirm those.

  • Way Kambas National Park (South Sumatra)

It is a large park which covers an area of 1300 square meters in Southern Sumatra, Indonesia. The vegetation of this park consists of mainly swamp forest and rain forest. This park has some endangered species. Other than this, there are also many species of birds that look so attractive. The Ministry of Forestry opened this place in 1989. There are 50 species of endangered mammals present here. You can come to this national park along with a trained guide who can provide you in-depth knowledge and details about these parks.


Beaches

There are many islands in this country, which leads to the availability of various beaches in this country. You can get multiple stalls and vendors selling different items, including food and beverages at the beaches. There are also a few bars present near the beaches to enjoy the waves with a drink. You can even walk on the coastline of the beach as it will be very refreshing for you. It is far better than walking in stiff and concrete paths because you have to move your legs through the sands on the beach, which will create difficulty in walking and help you in a better workout.

  • Kasih Beach (Weh Island)

Many of the newly wedded couples visit this beach as this beach offers romantic and breathtaking sunset views. There are many facilities provided, including a spa and body massage to relieve stress. Other than this, there are various clubs and bars so that you can enjoy your evening. Kasih Beach also offers varied water sports activities in which you can participate.

  • Paradiso Beach (Bali)

It is a beach made up of coral reefs and is very famous among the locals. You can find many stalls of snacks, beverages on this beach. This beach comes under Bali's one of the most-visited tourist attractions. You can go here for strolling or relaxing. The fresh air which blows throughout the beach will provide you enough refreshment.

  • Kuta Beach (Kuta)

It is a beach present in Kuta since 1970 and is the main beach of the island. The locals and the travelers who have visited the beach consider the best time to be the evening because this beach gives the best scenic view of the sun setting. You can enjoy some quality time in Kuta Beach with your friends and family. There are various water sports which are also available, including water surfing or beach volleyball.

  • Senggigi Beach (Lombok)

It is the main beach and tourist attraction of the city of Lombok. You can get a boat tour on the water. You can get a wide variety of boats. Snorkeling and windsurfing are allowed on this beach. Swimming on this beach is safe. The beach is free for visiting without any entry charges; however, surfing board and other snorkeling pieces of equipment are available here on rent, or you can directly purchase them.

  • Pangandaran Beach (West Java)

This beach is in West Java, and the unique feature of this beach is that you can see through the water as the clarity is so good. It is a beach which has white sand. You can see and enjoy the sunrise and sunset from this beach as it is visible. There are many English speaking guides available to teach snorkeling or windsurfing. There is a rescue team group who will be in action during some emergency or crisis. You can also enjoy a boat tour at a low cost. This beach is also suitable for sunbathing.


Landmarks

A landmark is a unique place that may be or may not be human-made. These places' key feature is that they are visible from a long distance and make it easy to recognize an area. In Indonesia, there are many landmarks in each state, which improves that state's tourist attraction. Some of the beaches are of coral reefs and the soil of the volcano. You can even walk towards many landmarks. These landmarks also include an active volcano, mountains, museums, and many more. These are the famous landmarks in Indonesia, which are tourist attractions and are recognized among locals;

  • Mount Bromo (East Java)

It is an active volcano and is present in East Java. This volcano's elevation is 2,329 meters, which is not the highest peak, but this is the best-known peak. It is the most significant Indonesian attraction in East Java. The Bromo is a Japanese word that translates as Brahma, a Hindu God. If you want to visit this place, you have to go it through a mountain village where it is possible to reach this volcano by walking for 45 minutes, but you can easily organize a jeep tour if you have limited time. This volcano is sometimes close to the Indonesian Centre For Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation, depending on the volcanic activities.

  • Mount Rinjani (Lombok)

It is an active volcano on the island of Lombok. This mountain is present on the Northside of Lombok, and the height of this is 3726 meters, which makes it the second-highest volcano in Indonesia. Near this mountain, there is a lake known as Segara Anak. This lake is 2000 meters above sea level, and the depth of this lake 200 meters. There are also hot springs available. This lake is sacred for the Sasak Tribe and Hindu people; that is why many religious activities occasionally occur. This mountain is a part of the global geopark network by UNESCO. Many eruptions happened in this mountain. The last explosion which took place was in 2010, while the first eruption occurred in 1847.

  • Jatiluwih Rice Terraces (Bali)

There is a rice terrace in Bali from which primary rice production of the country comes. The area is generally a slope to facilitate rice plantation. This type of farming is best to prevent erosion. Due to slope shape, the rainfall slips down, creating less wastage of water. Terrace farming is present in places where there is no possible way to farm.

  • Mount Ijen (East Java)

It is a volcano complex present between the Banyuwangi Regency and Bondowoso Regency of East Java. As mentioned by National Geographic, an electric blue flame comes out from the engine; because of this statement, the tourism rate has increased. Scientists claimed that the blue fire is because of the sulphuric gas which excretes through the cracks releasing at a temperature of 600 degrees Celsius. This attractive blue flame can reach a height of 5 meters; this makes it the world's largest blue flame area. As scientists claimed, Ijen is rich in sulfur; therefore, the government started the sulfur mining plant.

  • Uluwatu Temple (Bali)

It is a Hindu temple that is present in South Kuta. This temple is a tribute to Rudra, and 70-meters high rocks are present in its structure. This temple has many monkeys that snatch the visitors' bags, sunglasses, and other items. They will immediately return your items if you give them fruits, nuts, or candies. A dance performance depicting scenes of Ramayana starts every day at 6 p.m. as Kecak Dance Performance.

  • Prambanan Temple (Central Java)

It is a Hindu temple in Indonesia that dates back to the 9th century. Dedicated to Lord Brahma; the universe's creator, and Lord Vishnu, the protector of the universe, and Lord Shiva; the universe's destroyer. This temple is present 17 kilometers north-east of Java. This temple is under the UNESCO World Heritage site and is the largest Hindu temple in entire Indonesia. This temple is built-in a typical Hindu architecture.


Museums

Museums are a place where everyone loves to visit. You can gain a lot of knowledge about ancient architecture, famous incidents, historical monuments. They help us to understand the country in a better way. Many museums have guides that you can hire to translate the native language into English or your preferred language. Museums inspire us in many forms. Other than this, they also provide various artworks that might inspire us.

  • Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (Jakarta)

It is an art museum operating since 2017 and spreads over an area of 7,107 square meters. It is the first museum that has collections of Indonesian and other international contemporary art. There are a total of 90 works which are from different countries. Many paintings are present for an exhibition, so this place will be best for you if you love to admire art. Other than these, there are contemporary styles of various countries placed there, which shows the richness of the different cultures worldwide.

  • Museum Angkut (Batu)

It is a unique museum of transportation, which gives it a distinctive feature for attracting tourists. This museum has several zones which have decorations in Asian, European, and American background. You will get to know about several vintage cars which are available in this museum. Some supercars are also present here, and it is a perfect place for any car lover. You will get detailed knowledge about the specifications of various cars. Some slides show how the making of the engine and the vehicles' designs.

  • Ullen Sentalu Museum (Kaliyurang)

It is a museum located in Kaliyurang, which shows various arts and cultural heritage of Javanese people. This museum first started operating in 1994. The admission fee for international visitors is 100,000 IDR, and for domestic or local people, it is 50,000 IDR. It is a private museum started by Haryono Family, and presently, their foundation manages it.

  • House of Danar Hadi (Central Java)

It is a museum that showcases different used fabrics. There are a lot of materials of various natural colors, including those required in traditional Indonesian dresses. Other than this, they also show the making and extraction of the fabrics. There is a large variety of artifacts available here for the tourists and locals to admire.


Eat

Indonesia offers a wide range of cuisines for its visitors to try. The snacks here are appealing to everybody's taste. Moreover, we can say that Indonesia has something to suit everyone's taste, be it a vegetarian or a non-vegetarian.

  • Indonesian Satay

Satay is nothing but skewers of meat traditionally cooked over coal to give it a smoky and rich flavor. In Indonesia, satay comes with peanut sauce, which is served all over the skewers. The dish also comes along with rice cakes. It is found everywhere in Indonesia, and you can get satay at almost every street vendor, restaurant, or cafe.

  • Fried Rice

Indonesian fried rice is famous all over the world. Fried rice is Indonesia’s national dish. Everyone has tried fried rice with almost every variety. But what makes Indonesian fried rice world famous is the use of keycap, a thick and sweet soy sauce. Moreover, this fried rice comes with pickled carrots and cucumber garnish.

  • Asado

It originated from the cowboys and came with chimichurri. Mainly chimichurri contains pork, beef, sausages, sweetbreads, or sometimes ribs. The taste of chimichurri is salty. The famous Asado type is where you get a whole of a lamb or a pig roasted on the wood fire.

  • Chimichurri

It is a vegetarian salad made with chopped parsley finely, onion, garlic, olive oil, oregano, chili flakes, salt, and a slightly tangy flavor, which comes by adding vinegar or lemon. It is a salad, but many restaurants also serve it as a side dish with Asado or other barbequed food items in Indonesia. It is a trendy side dish loved by both locals and tourists. You can find chimichurri in almost all the restaurants, cafes, and food stalls.

  • Nasi Rawon

It originated in East Java. They use beef stew to make the dish. You will find that Nasi Rawon has a nutty taste. It has a deep black color because of a specific nut's use. It often comes with rice and has a vibrant flavor.


Drink

Indonesia is also known as the land of spices. The beverages which are available here are not only traditional but also unique, fresh, healthy, and nutritious.

  • Bajigur

This drink first originated in Java. The main ingredients used in this drink are palm sugar and coconut milk. Vanilla powder, ginger, or salt gives it a unique flavor. Many people believe that this drink increases your appetite and has the scent of pandan leaves. Often served with peanuts, banana, or boiled yam to enhance its taste.

  • Bandrek

It is a winter season drink. The main ingredients used in this drink is brown sugar and ginger. Moreover, to enhance its taste, the addition of spices such as cloves and cinnamon along with pandan leaves is common. It is a very nutritious and creamy drink.

  • Cendol

It is a beverage that is typically Indonesian. The main ingredient is rice flour. Processing rice flour is the first step, after which it gets its color from green food color. At last, the mixture passes through a special filter. It often comes with coconut milk, liquid palm sugar, and grated ice. The locals call it a snack drink or a dessert drink. Traditionally it uses pandanus leaves to give this drink a green color, but now the locals use artificial green food coloring.

  • Bir Pletok

This drink is a standard beverage of the night. It is a historical drink that originated here during the time of the Japanese invasion. Bir Pletok gives the drinker a warm sensation. It prevents cold and also increases the immunity of the body. Traditionally this drink consists of lemongrass, ginger, cinnamon, sugar, and Kayusecang.

  • Sekotang

This drink first originated in Java and is a native drink of the island. The main ingredients are ginger, which is more of a base ingredient, peanuts, beans of mung, picarcina, and bread chunks. You can find many food stalls selling this drink. Since the food carts have an open space, it is suitable for making this drink. The hawkers boil ginger on one side while mixing the other ingredients on the other side.


Tap-water

Due to insufficient water quality, most international authorities consider the water supply in Indonesia, not drinkable. You will find that water pollution is moderate to very high in the country, so tap water is not safe for tourists or locals. Although tap water is readily available throughout the country and there is no shortage, the sanitization and filtration process is not efficient enough to make the water drinkable. While visiting the different cities, towns, and islands of Indonesia, you can prefer bottled water, which is relatively cheap and safe to drink. But these plastic water bottles are not only harmful to your health but also the local environment. If you throw away the bottles after using them, they will need a lot of energy to properly dispose of them. If you use them for an extended time, then the plastic will dissolve harmful chemicals into the water. Therefore, these bottles are not a great option; instead, you can opt for refillable bottles or containers readily available in every city of the world. While eating at a restaurant, try to avoid drinking free water as it usually comes from tap water, which is not safe. You should also avoid ice cubes, as that the hotels, restaurants, and cafes offer until they ensure you that the water for the ice cubes is filtered and entirely safe to drink.


Activities

In an island country such as Indonesia, there are tons of activities in which you can participate. From water sports to extreme sports, all are available and help you feel the adrenaline in your body. Apart from sports, other refreshing and enlightening activities will also help you rejuvenate your body and learn more about the local culture, traditions, history, and art. These activities are a great way to try something new and exciting while creating a memorable Indonesian trip.

  • Take a museum tour
  • Participate in snorkeling adventures
  • Explore the wildlife
  • Learn to cook Indonesian food from a local chef
  • Explore the local food and drink culture
  • Learn the local dance forms
  • Attend a local festival or cultural event
  • Explore the coral reefs and marine life
  • Take a yoga class


Accommodation

From hotels to cheap campsites, all accommodation options are available in Indonesia with varied prices to suit every tourist's requirements. You will find that the number of resorts is more in Indonesia than hotels as they are different islands. These resorts offer some of the best services and rooms to their guests. You will find that hotels, hostels, guest houses, apartments, and even campgrounds are readily available at your disposal. You can opt for booking in advance from your home, or you can rent one after reaching the place. The staff of these places is usually amicable and can even speak English quite fluently. It will be best to find out about the validity and legality of the site you want to stay at before paying any sum of money. It is because the high tourism rates make the locals use illegal methods of earning money. You must inspect the place and the owner properly before finalizing.


Green Hotels

Surprisingly, green hotels are present in Indonesia. These hotels are the best alternatives to 5-star hotels. If you like staying in hotels, then green hotels are the ones you must choose. You will find every city has at least a few sustainable hotels present. These hotels are green because they use some sustainable measures like solar energy, windmills, hydroelectricity, rainwater harvesting, organic products, recycled items, reusable clothes, localized staff, and many more. These measures help these hotels become friendly not only to nature but also to the local communities. You will find that green hotels are quite similar to typical hotels; the only difference is that they have a certification from a local authority or any national regulatory body. These hotels are cheaper than standard hotels and offer better quality services.


Hostels and Guest Houses

Hostels are widely available in Indonesia as the number of solo travelers is relatively high. To provide such travelers a proper and affordable place to stay, hostels offer different accommodation options that depend upon your budget. You can go for a shared room or a private room. These places are great for interacting with fellow travelers and learning about their Indonesian experience.

Guesthouses, on the other hand, are houses that are available for renting out temporarily. They are excellent for tourists traveling with their family, friends, or partner. Unlike hostels, guest houses provide more privacy and have pre-installed pieces of equipment such as kitchenware, bathroom items, living room furniture, electronics, bedroom items, and sometimes even food. These may seem a bit costly initially but will not toll on your travel budget and provide you with proper security and privacy in a foreign country.


Apartments

Rental apartments are ideal for people that are in Indonesia for an extended time that exceeds more than a month. These apartments are available all over Indonesia, and different apartments offer different prices and facilities. Booking an apartment online is not the best option in Indonesia as there are chances of fraudulent activities. You must rent out an apartment after visiting the site and inspecting the place properly. To ensure you get good service, you can also interact with the current occupants and ask for their experience. You can opt for a single room apartment or a full-floor apartment. These apartments will also help you in becoming self-dependent.


Couchsurfing

Couchsurfing is available in Indonesia, but you must keep caution at all times. The crime rates are not the best, and there are more chances of getting robbed by a local Couchsurfing host. You can find prospective hosts online, but make sure to select one that has good reviews. The best thing would be to set a deal before taking a flight to Indonesia to avoid uncertainties and time waste.


Camping

Since Indonesia is an island country, there are various national parks, reserved forests, protected areas, and other natural places. These places are great for camping as they will provide you with the ideal environment for camping. There are some camping companies present in Indonesia that offers a planned camping trip that includes extreme sports. Camping is only useful as a temporary accommodation option as you can get bored.


Regions

Cities

Getting There and Moving Around

There are various options available to easily reach Indonesia and move around different islands, cities, and regions. To reach Indonesia, you can opt for airways, which are the most efficient and quickest way to travel to another country. Another option to reach the country is by waterways, which is not legal many times, and there are chances of getting deported or banned from revisiting Indonesia. Apart from these two options, other options cannot reach the country as it is an island country. Rental car services, public buses, trains, trams, metros, bicycles, electronic vehicles, and walking are the options available to move around.


Air

The biggest Indonesian airport is in Jakarta, the country's capital city, named Soekarno Hatta International Airport. It is not the only international airport in Indonesia, but it is the one that connects to most airlines in different countries of the world. Apart from this airport, other international airports like Ngurah Rai International Airport and Juanda International Airport connect to some of the world's prominent cities.


Bus

Home to the largest rapid bus transit system, Indonesia’s buses are very efficient in moving around the different regions and islands. The bus system goes by the name Transjakarta, and the primary station is present in Jarkarta itself. You will find that these bus services are well-connected to cities. They are some of the most comfortable and efficient modes of transportation within the country.


Train

Indonesia's railway system comes under Kereta Api Indonesia, which handles most transport services related to railways. The railway network is quite widespread. You will find a track that connects islands and other areas that are not accessible by roads. It is an excellent way to explore the country’s beauty and travel to far off places with ease.


Hitchhiking

Hitchhiking is possible in Indonesia because the locals are friendly and love to help out foreign tourists. You will find that you will not get a ride easily if you are not in a good spot while hitchhiking. Indonesia's crime rates are moderate, but you should maintain caution as many drivers may take advantage of you. Although hitchhiking is challenging, it is a great way to travel within the country when you are out of cash.


Others

Other ways of moving around Indonesia include walking, bicycles, and electronic vehicles. These are the more sustainable options as they don't cause any pollution as they use renewable energy to run. Also, rental cars and boats are available, but they require fossil fuel. It is the reason why these two options are not the best, and you should avoid them.


Sustainable Shopping

Sustainable shopping is a wide concept that includes organic food, localized products, second-hand items, and recycled products. You will find that it is an excellent way to reduce your carbon footprint and pay respect to nature. Sustainable shopping also includes supporting local communities. You can support the local communities by buying goods and services from local food and flea markets, second-hand stores, and eco-fashion shops that involve local people in one way or another.


Recycling

Recycling is an eco-friendly way to reduce the energy required in the production of brand new items. Although the concept of recycling came decades ago, people still use brand new items resulting in the depletion of natural resources. You will find that the recycled objects veiled the same potential as brand new items and cost less than half the price of brand new items. You can find many governments and private-owned recycling agencies in different cities and towns in Indonesia that try their best to make the locals and tourists aware of the benefits of recycled items.


Waste

The waste management in Indonesia is not the best, and many locals and tourists consider it unsatisfactory. You can find different garbage disposal containers, dustbins, trucks, and dumpsters in different regions of every city, town, and island. Still, some people are not considerate and respectful towards the environment, causing increasing pollution levels. You will find that even the garbage disposal policies are inefficient, and the government of Indonesia needs to correct them.


Work and Study Abroad

There are options for studying or working in Indonesia for foreigners. You will find some excellent universities present in Jakarta that provide different courses to international students. Although the overall education quality is not good, the select few universities are efficient in creating excellent students. There are many job opportunities available throughout the country in different areas. You can find the vacancies in the newspapers, posters, and sometimes even on the internet.


Exchange Student

Some highly-reputed educational institutes present in Indonesia have a tie-up with universities and colleges of other countries. These educational institutes provide an opportunity for brilliant-minded students to study in another country and learn about different cultures and histories. You can opt for direct admission into the program. You can also enroll yourself in the worldwide student exchange program to study in Indonesia.


Au Pair

Au pairing is not common in Indonesia as South-Asian families consider taking care of their children and household all by themselves. You will find that most families are from low-income groups and can't afford to keep an au pair. You can still try your luck on the website or ask a local friend for his reference. Au pairing is possible in bigger cities like Jakarta, where some middle-class and wealthy families reside.


Volunteering

The best way to make your Indonesian trip complete is by indulging in some volunteering activities. You will find that volunteering is quite common in Indonesia. Some many cultural groups and NGOs play their role in making their city or country a better place to live. You can participate in these groups' activities and find that they create a sense of respect and kindness within you. You can help the locals improve and live a better quality of life.


See Also